Roman Catholic Diocese of Coimbra

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Diocese of Coimbra
Dioecesis Conimbricensis
Diocese de Coimbra
SeNova1.jpg
Location
Country Portugal
Ecclesiastical province Braga
Metropolitan Archdiocese of Braga
Statistics
Area 5,300 km2 (2,000 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2006)
562,000
505,000 (89.9%)
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 563
Cathedral Cathedral of the Holy Name of Jesus in Coimbra
Patron saint St Augustine of Hippo
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Virgílio do Nascimento Antunes
Metropolitan Archbishop Jorge IV
Map
Dioceses de Portugal.PNG
Website
Website of the Diocese

The Diocese of Coimbra (Latin: Dioecesis Conimbricensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese in Coimbra, Portugal.[1] It is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Braga.[2]

History[edit]

The first known bishop was Lucentius, who assisted (563) at the first council of Braga, the metropolitan See of Coimbra, until the latter was attached to the ecclesiastical province of Mérida (650-62). Titular bishops of Coimbra continued the succession under the Islamic conquest, one of whom witnessed the consecration of the church of Santiago de Compostela in 876. The see was re-established in 1088, after the reconquest of the city of Coimbra by the Christian forces of Sisnando Davides (1064). The first bishop of the new series was Martin. Among the more famous bishops have been Pedro (1300), chancellor of King Dinis, and Manuel de Menezes (1573–78), rector of the University of Coimbra, who fell with King Sebastian on the Battle of Alcácer Quibir. The Old Cathedral of Coimbra, built in the first half of the 12th century, partly at the expense of Bishop Miguel and his chapter, is a remarkable monument of Romanesque architecture; the new cathedral, a Renaissance building dating from 1580, is other important monument. The episcopal palace was built in the 18th century. The principal monastery of the diocese is Santa Cruz Monastery, founded in 1131 by Afonso Henriques, and for some time the most important in the kingdom by reason of its wealth and privileges. Its prior was authorized by Anastasius IV and Celestine III to wear the episcopal insignia.

Academic Centre of Christian Democracy[edit]

The Academic Center of Christian Democracy is an association of Christian inspiration, belonging to the Diocese of Coimbra, which provides support to university students, who study in the University of Coimbra. Notable members include António de Oliveira Salazar [3]

References[edit]