Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Gaeta

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Archdiocese of Gaeta
Archidioecesis Caietana
Gaeta, Basilica Cattedrale, scorcio della facciata.jpg
Gaeta Cathedral
Location
Country Italy
Ecclesiastical province Immediately subject to the Holy See
Statistics
Area 603 km2 (233 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2006)
160,150
152,350 (95.1%)
Parishes 57
Information
Denomination Catholic Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 8th century
Cathedral Cattedrale-Basilica di Santi Erasmo e Marciano e Maria SS. Assunta
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Archbishop Bernardo Fabio D’Onorio, O.S.B.
Website
www.arcidiocesigaeta.it

The Archdiocese of Gaeta (Latin: Archidioecesis Caietana) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in southern Italy, with its episcopal see in the city of Gaeta, in the Lazio region. The diocese is suffragan of the Diocese of Rome.

History[edit]

It dates from 846, when Constantine, Bishop of Formiæ, fled there and established his residence. The see of Formia, abandoned since the end of the sixth century, was thereafter united to diocese of Minturno (Minturnæ). In or soon after 999 Bishop Bernard annexed the see of Traetto.

In 1818 Pius VII merged the diocese of Gaeta with the very ancient see of Fondi. Once a suffragan of the archdiocese of Capua, the diocese was subsequently exempted (i.e. directly subjected to the Pope).

On December 31, 1848, Pius IX raised it to archiepiscopal rank, but without suffragans.

Among its bishops of note were: Francesco Patrizio (1460), friend of Pius II, author of a work in nine books, De Regno et De Institutione Regis, dedicated to Alfonso, Duke of Calabria; and Tommaso de Vio, better known as the famous Thomas Cajetan, a Dominican theologian and Papal diplomat.

The current archbishop is monsignor Pier Luigi Mazzoni.

Territory and parishes[edit]

The diocese, which includes the Pontine Islands, as well as a part of mainland Lazio, covers a surface of 603 km², with a population of 159,315 (as of 2004).

Presently it is divided into four districts called foranie which are centred on Gaeta itself, and the former sees of Fondi, Formia and Minturno.

Sources and external links[edit]

References[edit]