Bishopric of Chiemsee
|Bishopric of Chiemsee
|1216 - 1808|
Bavarian until ?
The Bishopric of Chiemsee was a Roman Catholic diocese. While based on the islands of the Chiemsee in Bavaria, Germany, most of its territory lay in the County of Tyrol, Austria. The bishopric was abolished in 1808. and sine 2009 is listed among the titular sees of the Catholic Church.
The Bishopric of Chiemsee was established by the Archbishop of Salzburg, Eberhard II of Regensberg, on the islands of the Chiemsee in 1215. It followed the precedent set by his predecessor Gebhard, who had established the Bishopric of Gurk in 1072. This system of funding quite small suffragan dioceses was to be completed by the setting of the bishoprics of Seckau in 1218 and Lavant in 1225. It was caused by the fact, that, after a large increase in size, stretching its borders from the Inn river in Bavaria to the Hungarian border, the archdiocese of Salzburg became hard to handle. Both the Holy Roman Emperor and the Pope gave their support to the establishment of the bishopric in 1213.
All bishops of Chiemsee were selected by the Archbishops, for the archbishop and the bishops formed some of the most important supporters of the archbishops. The bishops usually served as auxiliary bishops or fulfilled other duties for the archbishops. Locally the real power in the bishopric rested in the archdeacons who, supported by the Dukes of Bavaria, prevented the bishops from residing in the bishopric. Therefore the Bishops never became prince-bishops of the Empire, unlike most other ecclesiarchs. Thus the bishopric should not be considered as a state of the Holy Roman Empire, but as a territory within the state of the archbishopric. According to this, the bishops held a seat in the archbishoprics diet.
At first, the monastery of Frauenchiemsee was presumed to be the seat of the bishopry, but instead, the monastery church of the nearby Benectine Abbey of Herrenchiemsee was decided to be the bishops cathedral. In fact, the seat of the bishopric was the so-called Chiemseehof in the city of Salzburg. This building nowadays is used by the parliament and the government of the State of Salzburg.
The most famous bishop was Berthold Pürstinger (1508 - 1525) who twice used his influence to save innocent people from the bishops (the town-councillors in 1511, and peasants in 1524), and after retiring from office became a noted humanist.
Together with the secularisation of the archbishopric in 1803, the bishropric lost its function as territory as well. In 1808 the diocese was abolished after the last bishop waived his rights. Temporary under the rule of the Ordinariate of the Bishopric of Freising, the Austrian parts returned to Salzburg and got added to the Bishopric of Brixen in 1817/18, the rest becoming regular part of newly renamed Bishopric of Munich-Freising.
List of Bishops of Chiemsee (1216 - 1808)
- Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", p. 868
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Diocese of Chiemsee.|
- Diocese of Chiemsee at catholic-hierarchy.org
- Titular Episcopal See of Chiemsee at gcatholic.org
- Article about the Bishopric of Chiemsee at Historisches Lexikon Bayerns (German)