Bishops Lydeard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°03′41″N 3°11′14″W / 51.06150°N 3.18720°W / 51.06150; -3.18720

Bishops Lydeard
Red stone building with square tower. In the foreground is a graveyard.
St Mary's Church
Bishops Lydeard is located in Somerset
Bishops Lydeard
Bishops Lydeard
 Bishops Lydeard shown within Somerset
Population 2,839 [1]
OS grid reference ST169298
District Taunton Deane
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Taunton
Postcode district TA4
Dialling code 01823
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Taunton Deane
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Bishops Lydeard is a village and civil parish located in Somerset, England, bypassed, since 1967, by the A358 road and West Somerset Railway 5 miles (8 km) north-west of Taunton in the district of Taunton Deane. The village has a population of 2,839 persons.[1]

The hamlet of East Lydeard is less than a mile to the east of the village; west of the village is Sandhill Park, an eighteenth-century country home.

Bishops Lydeard is a railway station on the West Somerset Railway.

History[edit]

The name of the village probably relates to Gisa, Bishop of Wells, who was one of the principal episcopal landowners of Somerset at the time of the Domesday Book in 1086. Lydeard is a compound of two Saxon personal names Lide (Lloyd) and Geard, the latter remaining as a local name, "Yarde". As well as a personal name, geard means 'a fence, enclosure, courtyard or dwelling'.[2]

The parish of Bishops Lydeard was part of the Kilmersdon Hundred,[3]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Taunton Deane, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Taunton Rural District.[4] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing and environmental health, in addition to markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads (primary routes), public transport, policing and fire services, as well as trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Landmarks[edit]

Watermill[edit]

There were originally two flour mills in the Bishops Lydeard. Higher Mill has been demolished. The Bishops Lydeard Mill and Rural Life Museum is housed in a building which dates from the 18th century, and was extended in the early 19th century with the addition of a millhouse. It has an overshot waterwheel and has been designated as a Grade II listed building.[5] Since 2000 the building has been renovated and was opened by the town Mayor in 2003.[6] The water wheel weighs over two tonnes and is driven by water from Back Stream which originates in the Brendon Hills.[7] The museum focuses on traditional trades and crafts including a wheelwright's shop, cooper's shop, saddler's shop, blacksmith's shop and a Victorian kitchen.[7][8]

Sandhill Park[edit]

Main article: Sandhill Park

Sandhill Park was built as a country house around 1720.[9] It was built by John Periam, the Member of Parliament for Minehead, as Hill House[10] and lived in by the Lethbridge family from 1767 to 1913. During World War I it was used as a prisoner of war camp for German and Austrian Officers.[11] In 1919 it was converted by Somerset County Council into a home for handicapped children.[12] It was requisitioned by the military in August 1940 and became the 41st General Military Hospital, providing accommodation in tents and huts. From 1941 the hospital was leased to the Americans as a neurological hospital for over 1,000 patients in 32 new wards which were completed in 1942. The hospital remained in military use until 1944.[13] The psychiatric hospital reopened under the National Health Service in 1948 and further buildings were constructed. The hospital was sold in 1991 and housing built on part of the area.[14]

The buildings of Sandhill Park were badly damaged in a fire on 22 November 2011, the east wing being gutted and extensive damage caused to the main house. The west wing and orangery appear to have survived.

Religious sites[edit]

The church of St Mary dates from the 14th and 15th centuries and in 1860–62 was extended by one bay and a vestry by Edward Jeboult of Taunton. It is a Grade I listed building. The tower has pierced tracery battlements, pinnacles, set back buttresses terminating in pinnacles at the bell-storey, and pinnacles on the buttresses at each stage.[15] Several of the tombs in the churchyard are of historical importance, as are two crosses, one dating from the 14th century,[16] the other being the town's market cross which was moved to the churchyard in the 19th century.[17]

Transport[edit]

Bishops Lydeard is served by scheduled bus services provided by First Group on the Taunton — Minehead route. These run approximately every half hour daytimes Monday to Saturday in both directions and generally every hour on Sundays.

Other destinations, including Bridgwater and Kingston St Mary are also served but less frequently. A night bus service provided by Nippy Bus operates on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset Place Names. Wimborne, Dorset: The Dovecote Press Ltd. ISBN 1-874336-03-2. 
  3. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Tainton RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "The old mill and millhouse". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "Bishops Lydeard Mill and Rural Life Museum". Things to see and do. Retrieved 5 June 2010. 
  7. ^ a b "Bishops Lydeard Mill". Somerset Guide. Retrieved 5 June 2010. 
  8. ^ "Bishops Lydeard Mill". Bishops Lydeard Mill. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  9. ^ "Sandhill Park Hospital". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  10. ^ "Sandhill Park, Ash Priors". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  11. ^ "Prisoner of War camp, Sandhill Park". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  12. ^ "Sandhill Park Group Hospital Management Committee records". National Archives. Retrieved 2 October 2010. 
  13. ^ "Military hospital, Sandhill Park". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  14. ^ "Mental Hospital, Sandhill Park". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  15. ^ "Church of St Mary". Images of England. Retrieved 2007-02-09. 
  16. ^ "Cross in Churchyard, Church of St Mary". Images of England. Retrieved 2007-02-09. 
  17. ^ Adkins, Lesley and Roy (1992). A Field Guide to Somerset Archaeology. Wimborne, Dorset: Dovecote Press. pp. 25–26. ISBN 0-946159-94-7. 
  18. ^ "Nippy Bus Timetable". 

External links[edit]