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For the Arab article of clothing see: Bisht (clothing)

Bisht is a title used in communities living primarily in the Central Himalayas, Indian state of Uttarakhand. Bishts are on most occasions Kshatriyas or Rajputs or Thakurs.

Bisht Rajputs refers to the title of Rajputs in Kumaon and Garhwal regions of Uttarakhand. Bishts are also found in the erstwhile princely state of Rampur in Himachal Pradesh.


Bisht was a title given by kings to nobles, derived from the Sanskrit vishisht ("distinguished").[citation needed]


BISHT surname belongs to Rajput community of Uttarakhand, both in Kumaon and Garhwal regions. But you also find some Brahmin sects in Uttarakhand (Garhwal) and Himachal Pradesh (Rampur) using the title Bisht. Bisht surname is also seen by many as a derivative of 'vishisht' meaning distinguished, not confusing with the 'vashisht' which is again a Brahmin gotra. Some Bisht title people may have royal lineage but on most occasions it refers to the title given to nobles (Rajputs or Brahmins) by the kings. Majority of Bishts were principally 'zamindar' or tax collection officials, some of whom owned lands upto Rudrapur, Udham Singh Nagar of the present date in the terai region of Uttarakhand.

Being a title of status, Bisht became obsolete with land reforms, but many families still remember the origin of their last names or surnames. Sects under Bisht are based on their original titles or on the name of the villages of origin. Kafola Bisht, Thayat Bisht, Chamoli Bisht, Shyotari Bisht, Edwal Bisht, Bakhwal Bisht, GAIRA Bisht Parihar Bisht, Pundir Bisht, Rawal Bisht, Rana Bisht, Mehar Bisht, Khadeti Bisht, Khanai Bisht, Basanwal Bisht, Newal Bisht, Chamial Bisht, Knayu Bisht Nainwal Bisht, Sheela Bisht, Dhaira Bisht, Heet Bisht ('Raja Har Singh Heet Bisht' HARU HEET also known 'BHUMIA Devta' was famous ruler of Gujru Patti or Gujrukot), Timali Bisht etc.

See also[edit]


  • Uttar Pradesh District Gazetteers 1959:Naihfgnital.
  • Uttaranchal: Historical and cultural perspectives, Uma Prasad Thapliyal.
  • Encyclopedia of Indian surnames, Shibani Roy and S.H.M Rizvi
  • 'History of Kumaon' by B.D Pandey