Bismarck, Missouri

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Coordinates: 37°46′08″N 90°37′31″W / 37.76875°N 90.625165°W / 37.76875; -90.625165

Bismarck, Missouri
City
Location of Bismarck, Missouri
Location of Bismarck, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°46′7″N 90°37′31″W / 37.76861°N 90.62528°W / 37.76861; -90.62528
Country United States
State Missouri
County St. Francois
Incorporated 1877
Area[1]
 • Total 1.00 sq mi (2.59 km2)
 • Land 1.00 sq mi (2.59 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,025 ft (312.5 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,546
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 1,501
 • Density 1,546.0/sq mi (596.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Zip code 63624
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-05878
GNIS feature ID 0755776[4]

Bismarck is a city in St. Francois County, Missouri, United States. The population was 1,546 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Bismarck, situated in the western part of St. Francois County, owes its origin and early growth to the farming interests about it and its location at the intersection of the Belmont branch with the main line of the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway.[5] Bismarck was first laid out and platted in 1868.[6] It was named after the Iron Chancellor of Germany, Prince Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck, as there was a strong desire to attract German immigrants to the growing railroad area.[7]

The railroad ran through the town from the northwest to the southeast. All of the original streets of Bismarck, with the exception of Main and Center, were named after trees.

In 1877, Bismarck was incorporated as a town by the County Court and the first trustees were William H. Gullivan, Benjamin Schoch, C. C. Grider, George H. Kelly and A. H. Tegmeyer. In the year 1881, this incorporation was abolished. Since that time, Bismarck has been reincorporated. According to folklorist Margot Ford McMillen the name of the town caused some difficult times for residents following America's entry into World War I.[8] With patriotism running high, a town named for a famous German leader was seen as "un-American", and prompted some citizens to advocate changing the name to "Loyal". However the majority of residents soundly rejected the idea.[8]

The population about 1910 was 848. It is now 1,579.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.00 square mile (2.59 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 285
1890 837 193.7%
1900 708 −15.4%
1910 848 19.8%
1920 949 11.9%
1930 1,185 24.9%
1940 1,302 9.9%
1950 1,244 −4.5%
1960 1,237 −0.6%
1970 1,387 12.1%
1980 1,625 17.2%
1990 1,579 −2.8%
2000 1,470 −6.9%
2010 1,546 5.2%
Est. 2013 1,501 −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2013 Estimate[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,546 people, 634 households, and 410 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,546.0 inhabitants per square mile (596.9 /km2). There were 723 housing units at an average density of 723.0 per square mile (279.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.61% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 0.91% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.13% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population.

There were 634 households of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.3% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 37.2 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.9% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 14% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,470 people, 586 households, and 420 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,477.1 people per square mile (567.6/km²). There were 660 housing units at an average density of 663.2 per square mile (254.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.84% White, 0.20% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.07% Asian, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.20% of the population.

There were 586 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,583, and the median income for a family was $30,294. Males had a median income of $25,781 versus $18,417 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,150. About 14.7% of families and 20.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.4% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

The Bismarck Memorial Airport is located one nautical mile (1.9 km) southeast of Bismarck's central business district.[11]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ History of Southeast Missouri: A Narrative Account of Its Historical Progress, Its People and Its Principal Interests, Volume 1. Lewis Publishing Company. 1912. p. 386. 
  6. ^ Earngey, Bill (1995). Missouri Roadsides: The Traveler's Companion. University of Missouri Press. p. 90. 
  7. ^ http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mostfran/towns/bismarck_history.htm
  8. ^ a b McMillen, Margot Ford (1994). Paris, Tightwad and Peculiar: Missouri Place Names. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press. pp. 59–60. ISBN 0-8262-0972-6. 
  9. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved January 30, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 15, 2014. 
  11. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for H57 (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.

External links[edit]