Bismarck apple

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Malus domestica 'Bismarck apple'
Hybrid parentage Unknown
Cultivar Bismarck
Origin Australia Australia, 1870

Bismarck (Malus domestica 'Bismarck') is an apple cultivar. It was first cultivated in Australia in 1870. The fruit from the tree is used for cooking due to its sharp flavour and is most commonly pureed when cooking.

History[edit]

The Bismarck is believed to have originated from Bismarck in Tasmania which was a German settlement. The other theory is that it was raised by F Fricke, a German settler at Carisbrooke, Victoria, Australia. The fruit was grown in Victoria and also in England and across Europe until 1930's.[1]

Tree[edit]

The tree itself will grow to approximately 25 ft spread and 15 ft in height bearing a large crop of medium size fruit with a green and red skin. The apple is not commonly grown and its distribution is far and few across the globe.[2] The tree and its crop were awarded the RHS First Class Certificate in 1887.

Listed specimen of this tree[edit]

Place Country Age Notes
Bank Hall, Lancashire United Kingdom Unknown Situated in the Walled Garden at Bank Hall
Fulham, London United Kingdom Unknown Situated in a Private Garden
Winchester, Hampshire United Kingdom Unknown Situated in a Private Garden

References[edit]

  1. ^ Keepers Nursery (2011) "Malus domestica Bismarck", http://www.keepers-nursery.co.uk/product.aspx?id=BISMAR&v=3
  2. ^ Orange Pippin (2011) "Bismarck apple", http://www.orangepippin.com/apples/bismarck