Bismuth vanadate

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Bismuth vanadate
CAS number 14059-33-7
Molecular formula BiO4V
Molar mass 323.92 g mol−1
Appearance bright yellow solid
Density 6.1 g/cm3
Refractive index (nD) 2.45
Specific Surface Area 13 m2
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Bismuth vanadate is the inorganic compound with the formula BiVO4. It is a bright yellow solid. It is a representative of "complex inorganic colored pigments," or CICPs. More specifically bismuth vanadate is a mixed-metal oxide. Bismuth vanadate is also known under the Colour Index International as C.I. Pigment Yellow 184.[1] It occurs naturally as the rare mineral pucherite.

History and uses[edit]

Bismuth vanadate is a bright yellow powder and may have a slight green tint. When used as a pigment it contains a high Chroma and excellent hiding power. In nature, bismuth vanadate can be found as the mineral pucherite, clinobisvanite, and deyerite depending on the particular polymorph formed. Its synthesis was first recorded in a pharmaceutical patent in 1924 and began to be used readily as a pigment in the mid-1980s. Today it is manufactured across the world for pigment use. Suppliers include Heubach Color, Heucotech, DCC, BASF and Cappelle.[1]


Most commercial bismuth vanadate pigments are now based on pure bismuth vanadate with monoclinic (clinobisvanite) or tetragonal (deyerite) structure though in the past two phase systems involving a 4:3 relationship between bismuth vanadate and bismuth molybdate (Bi2MoO6) have been used.[2]


While most CICPs are formed exclusively through solid state, high temperature calcination, bismuth vanadate can be formed from a series of pH controlled precipitation reactions (it is important to note these reactions can be carried out with or without the presence of molybdenum depending on the desired final phase). It is also possible to start with the parent oxides (Bi2O3 and V2O5) and perform a high temperature calcination to achieve a pure product.[3]


  1. ^ a b B. Gunter "Inorganic Colored Pigments” in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry,Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2012.
  2. ^ G. Kaur, O. P. Pandey, and K. Singh. Optical, structural, and mechanical properties of different valence-cation-doped bismuth vanadate oxides" Phys. Status Solidi A 209, No. 7, 1231–1238 (2012).
  3. ^ Sulivan, R. European Patent Application 91810033.0, 1991.