Bisphenol

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The bisphenols (pronounced /ˈbɪs.fɨ.nɒl/) are a group of chemical compounds with two hydroxyphenyl functionalities. Most of them are based on diphenylmethane. The exceptions are Bisphenol S, P, and M . "Bisphenol" is a common name, the following letter refers to one of the reactants. Bisphenol A is the most popular representative of this group, often simply called "bisphenol."

List[edit]

Structural formula Name CAS Reactants Systematic name
Bisphenol A Bisphenol A 80-05-7 Phenol Acetone 2,2-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane
Bisphenol AP Bisphenol AP 1571-75-1 Phenol Acetophenone 1,1-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-ethane
Bisphenol AF Bisphenol AF 1478-61-1 Phenol Hexafluoroacetone 2,2-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane
Bisphenol B Bisphenol B 77-40-7 Phenol Butanone 2,2-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)butane
Bisphenol BP Bisphenol BP 1844-01-5 Phenol Benzophenone Bis-(4-hydroxyphenyl)diphenylmethane
Bisphenol C Bisphenol C 79-97-0 Cresol Acetone 2,2-Bis(3-methyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propane
Bisphenol CII Bisphenol C 14868-03-2 Phenol Dichloroketene Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2,2-dichlorethylene
Bisphenol E Bisphenol E Phenol Acetaldehyde 1,1-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethane
Bisphenol F Bisphenol F 87139-40-0 Phenol Formaldehyde Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)methane
Bisphenol G Bisphenol G 127-54-8 2-Isopropylphenol Acetone 2,2-Bis(4-hydroxy-3-isopropyl-phenyl)propane
Bisphenol M Bisphenol M 13595-25-0 1,3-Bis(2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-propyl)benzene
Bisphenol S Bisphenol S 80-09-1 Phenol Sulfur trioxide Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone
Bisphenol P Bisphenol P 2167-51-3 1,4-Bis(2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-propyl)benzene
Bisphenol PH Bisphenol PH 24038-68-4 2-Phenylphenol Acetone 5,5’ -(1-Methylethyliden)-bis[1,1’-(bisphenyl)-2-ol]propane
Bisphenol TMC Bisphenol TMC 129188-99-4 Phenol 3,3,5-Trimethylcyclohexanone 1,1-Bis(4-hydroyphenyl)-3,3,5-trimethyl-cyclohexane
Bisphenol Z Bisphenol Z 843-55-0 Phenol Cyclohexanone 1,1-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-cyclohexane

Preventive measures[edit]

Bisphenols A and S are endocrine disruptors.[citation needed] These products tend to release from the material when heated; as a precaution, it is recommended for the consumer:

  • not to heat food in a plastic packaging in a microwave oven, or a tin can (its inside coating is often epoxy) with a bain-marie;
  • use a pitcher material other than plastic, not a plastic bottle.