|Elevation||292 m (958 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Bissau is a city and a municipality in Jhunjhunu district in the state of Rajasthan, India. Bissau is another small town of fluctuating fortunes. Its original name was Vishala Jat Ki Dhani. Keshari Singh, son of Shardul Singh of Jhunjhunu, got this village in Jagir. In it, Keshari Singh constructed a palace and a defensive boundary wall for defence. He named it Bissau in 1755 AD. Keshari Singh belonged to the famous Panchpana of brothers in Shekhawati.
Bissau,founded in 1746, is a princely Mamlaguzar[Dhundhar|Mamlaguzar]] thikana of the Jaipur State. There were originally 16 Mamlaguzar thikanas which consisted of the most prominent families of the Jaipur State. Most were closest to the King and his family, others were most prominent and possessed their own army and served directly under Mughals in Middle Ages. At present only 9 Mamlaguzar thikanas hold the gaddi in Jaipur Durbar (as compared to the earlier 16). The Mamlaguzar thikanas had special privileges in the Jaipur Durbar; the Maharaja had to rise for the Mamlaguzar Sardars, they were allowed to wear all their ornaments and were allowed to carry their swords in the Jaipur Durbar, whereas the rest of the Jaipur thikanas were not allowed these privileges.
Bissau, till today is known for its brilliant rulers and fierce warriors of the medieval era of Rajasthan. Probably, the most famous ruler of Bissau was Thakur Shyam Singh, who was considered as one of the most renowned warriors of his time. He fought many successful battles against the Jaipur State and the British with the help of French mercenaries. He also maintained close ties with Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab. Thakur Suraj Mal of Bissau, father of Shyam Singh, constructed the Surajgarh fort in 1778. He was an outstanding warrior and died valiantly in the Battle of Tunga against the Marathas led by Mahiji Scindia. In 1919, Thakur Vijay Singh of Surajgarh adopted Thakur Raghubir Singh of Bissau, thus, uniting both the thikanas. Bissau then became the third largest thikana in the Jaipur State after Khetri and Sikar. Thakur Raghubir Singh of Bissau was the noblest of all the rulers of Bissau, educated privately by his tutor, F.A. Jones M.A., C.B.E. and at Mayo College, Ajmer, and with the Sawai Man Singh Guards of the Jaipur State Forces. He was the A.D.C. and a close friend of Sawai Man Singh II; he brought Bissau back to its place of prominence after clearing the debts of the previous rulers. He lived in an elegant manner and was fond of traveling and literature.
The present family of Bissau resides in Bissau Palace, Jaipur which was converted into one of the first heritage hotels in Rajasthan.
Bissau is located at. It has an average elevation of 292 metres (958 feet).
It is about 40 km. from Jhunjhunu, and 12 km. from Churu. Bissau is well connected by private & R.S.R.T.C. bus services.It is also connected by trains with big cities along with the neighbouring tourist towns like as churu,Fatehpur, Sikar & Jaipur. Distance from jaipur 210 k.m., 280 from New Delhi, 1300 from Mumbai.
Places tourist attractions
- Raj ki Chhatri (A Cenotaph)
- Jai Narain Gopi Ram Tibrewal Haveli.
- Chandi Prasad sigatia Haveli.
- Budhar Mal Mertia Haveli.
- Shri Lal Didwania (Tibrewal) Haveli.
- Girdhari Lal Sigatia Haveli.
- Bajrang Lal sigatia Haveli.
- Radhey Shyam Singhania Haveli.
- Satya Narain Banwari Lal Bagla Haveli.
- Hari Prasad Nand Lal Kyala Haveli.
- Hari Bax Fatehpuria Haveli.
- Kashi prasad Vaidhya (Khemka) Haveli.
- Ram Dayal Fatehpuria Haveli.
- Brij Mohan Kanodia Haveli.
- Jorawar Mal Poddar Haveli.
- Keshardev Ji Kanodia Haveli
- Temple of Venkat Bihari Ji.
- Temple of Narsingh Deo Ji.
- Nathu Ram Poddar Haveli.
- Murli Dhar Hira Lal Jhunjhunuwala ki Haveli.
- Niranjan Lal jai Dayal Kedia Haveli.
- 131 Ft Neelkanth Mahadev Temple
- Shri Babulal Hajarimal Jatiaji Haveli
- Barfani baba mandir
- Dhawalpaliha Johda.
- Budhia Mahadev Mandir.
- Samash Khan Peer Ki Dargkah
- 121 Ft Minaret at Arafat Mosque
- Ghochiya ki bari
As of 2001[update] India census, Bissau had a population of 21,133. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Bissau has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 70% and female literacy of 50%. 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.