Bister, Switzerland

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Bister
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Bister
Canton Valais
District Raron
46°22′N 8°4′E / 46.367°N 8.067°E / 46.367; 8.067Coordinates: 46°22′N 8°4′E / 46.367°N 8.067°E / 46.367; 8.067
Population 30 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 5 /km2 (13 /sq mi)
Area 5.84 km2 (2.25 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,054 m (3,458 ft)
Postal code 3983
SFOS number 6172
Surrounded by Filet, Grengiols, Termen
Website website missing
SFSO statistics
Bister is located in Switzerland
Bister
Bister

Bister is a municipality in the district of Raron in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Bister is first mentioned in 1374 as Bystur. In 1480 it was mentioned as Bistar.[3]

Geography[edit]

Bister has an area, as of 2011, of 5.8 square kilometers (2.2 sq mi). Of this area, 18.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 40.0% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.3% is settled (buildings or roads) and 41.3% is unproductive land.[4]

The municipality is located in the Östlich-Raron district. It consists of houses scattered across the valley slopes.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per bend Azure and Sable, in base issuant from Water wavy Argent Coupeaux Vert and a wheat ear Or.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Bister has a population (as of December 2012) of 30.[1] As of 2008, 3.7% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010 ) the population has changed at a rate of 3.8%. It has changed at a rate of 7.7% due to migration and at a rate of -15.4% due to births and deaths.[4]

All of the population (as of 2000) speaks German as their first language.[7]

As of 2008, the population was made up of 26 Swiss citizens and 1 non-citizen residents (3.70% of the population).[6] Of the population in the municipality, 15 or about 45.5% were born in Bister and lived there in 2000. There were 12 or 36.4% who were born in the same canton, while 4 or 12.1% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 1 or 3.0% were born outside of Switzerland.[7]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 9.1% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 57.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 33.3%.[4]

As of 2000, there were 15 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 17 married individuals, 1 widows or widowers and 0 individuals who were divorced.[7]

As of 2000, there were 14 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.1 persons per household.[4] There were 7 households that consist of only one person and 1 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 14 apartments (31.8% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 25 apartments (56.8%) were seasonally occupied and 5 apartments (11.4%) were empty.[8]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][9]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 47.62% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (28.57%), the SVP (17.46%) and the FDP (6.35%). In the federal election, a total of 18 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 69.2%.[10]

In the 2009 Conseil d'Etat/Staatsrat election a total of 17 votes were cast, of which 1 or about 5.9% were invalid. The voter participation was 65.4%, which is much more than the cantonal average of 54.67%.[11] In the 2007 Swiss Council of States election election a total of 18 votes were cast. The voter participation was 69.2%, which is much more than the cantonal average of 59.88%.[12]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Bister had an unemployment rate of 0%. As of 2008, there were 8 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 3 businesses involved in this sector. No one was employed in the secondary sector or the tertiary sector.[4] There were 16 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 56.3% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 4, all of which were in agriculture.[13]

In 2000, there were 9 workers who commuted away from the municipality.[14] Of the working population, 12.5% used public transportation to get to work, and 50% used a private car.[4]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 28 or 84.8% were Roman Catholic, while 3 or 9.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 individual who belongs to another Christian church. 1 (or about 3.03% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist.[7]

Education[edit]

In Bister about 11 or (33.3%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 3 or (9.1%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 3 who completed tertiary schooling, 2 were Swiss men, 1 was a Swiss women.[7]

As of 2000, there were 2 students from Bister who attended schools outside the municipality.[14]

References[edit]

External links[edit]