# Bisymmetric matrix

In mathematics, a bisymmetric matrix is a square matrix that is symmetric about both of its main diagonals. More precisely, an n × n matrix A is bisymmetric if it satisfies both A = AT and AJ = JA where J is the n × n exchange matrix.

For example:

$\begin{bmatrix} a & b & c & d & e \\ b & f & g & h & d \\ c & g & i & g & c \\ d & h & g & f & b \\ e & d & c & b & a \end{bmatrix}.$

## Properties

Bisymmetric matrices are both symmetric centrosymmetric and symmetric persymmetric. It has been shown that real-valued bisymmetric matrices are precisely those symmetric matrices whose eigenvalues are the same up to sign after pre or post multiplication by the exchange matrix.[1]

The product of two bisymmetric matrices results in a centrosymmetric matrix