Bitburg-Prüm

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Bitburg-Prüm
District
Rhineland p bit.png
Country  Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
Capital Bitburg
Area
 • Total 1,626.15 km2 (627.86 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 95,946
 • Density 59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration BIT, PRÜ
Website bitburg-pruem.de

The Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is bounded by (from the west and clockwise) Luxembourg, Belgium and the districts of Euskirchen, Vulkaneifel, Bernkastel-Wittlich and Trier-Saarburg.

History[edit]

There are three different historical regions: the abbey and the city of Prüm have been directly subordinate to the Holy Roman Emperor in medieval times; later the free city became the principality of Prüm, occupying large portions in the north.

The southwest including the town of Bitburg was a part of Luxembourg from the 10th to the 15th century. Later it was a part of the Seventeen Provinces and hence under Spanish resp. Austrian rule. After the Napoleonic Wars it was decided to hand this region over to Prussia.

The eastern parts of the district, including the town of Kyllburg, were property of the bishop of Trier.

When Prussia gained all these regions about 1815, it established the three districts of Bitburg, Prüm and Trier. In 1970 the districts of Bitburg and Prüm were merged with parts of the former district of Trier in order to form the present district.

On January 1 2007 the full name of the district was changed to be Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm instead of Landkreis.

Geography[edit]

Locator map BIT in Rhineland-Palatinate.svg

The district covers the sparsely populated southwestern part of the Eifel Mountains. The portions along the western borders are occupied by a common German-Belgian nature park and a German-Luxembourgian nature park. A great number of rivers rise from the Schneifel in the northwest and from the Kyllwald in the east, and runs southward to the Sauer River (French Sûre), which is an affluent of the Moselle.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms displays:
  • The red cross symbolising the close city of Trier
  • The golden tower from the arms of Bitburg
  • The silver lamb from the arms of Prüm
  • The blue and white pattern from the arms of Luxembourg

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Karte Bitburg im Eifelkreis Bitburg-Pruem.png
Verband-free town
  1. Bitburg
Verbandsgemeinden
1. Arzfeld
  1. Arzfeld1
  2. Dackscheid
  3. Dahnen
  4. Daleiden
  5. Dasburg
  6. Eilscheid
  7. Eschfeld
  8. Euscheid
  9. Großkampenberg
  10. Hargarten
  11. Harspelt
  1. Herzfeld
  2. Irrhausen
  3. Jucken
  4. Kesfeld
  5. Kickeshausen
  6. Kinzenburg
  7. Krautscheid
  8. Lambertsberg
  9. Lascheid
  10. Lauperath
  11. Leidenborn
  1. Lichtenborn
  2. Lierfeld
  3. Lünebach
  4. Lützkampen
  5. Manderscheid
  6. Mauel
  7. Merlscheid
  8. Niederpierscheid
  9. Oberpierscheid
  10. Olmscheid
  11. Pintesfeld
  1. Plütscheid
  2. Preischeid
  3. Reiff
  4. Reipeldingen
  5. Roscheid
  6. Sengerich
  7. Sevenig (Our)
  8. Strickscheid
  9. Üttfeld
  10. Waxweiler
2. Bitburg-Land [seat: Bitburg]
  1. Baustert
  2. Bettingen
  3. Bickendorf
  4. Biersdorf am See
  5. Birtlingen
  6. Brecht
  7. Brimingen
  8. Dahlem
  9. Dockendorf
  10. Dudeldorf
  11. Echtershausen
  12. Ehlenz
  13. Enzen
  1. Eßlingen
  2. Feilsdorf
  3. Fließem
  4. Gondorf
  5. Halsdorf
  6. Hamm
  7. Heilenbach
  8. Hisel
  9. Hütterscheid
  10. Hüttingen an der Kyll
  11. Idenheim
  12. Idesheim
  13. Ingendorf
  1. Ließem
  2. Meckel
  3. Messerich
  4. Metterich
  5. Mülbach
  6. Nattenheim
  7. Niederstedem
  8. Niederweiler
  9. Oberstedem
  10. Oberweiler
  11. Oberweis
  12. Olsdorf
  13. Rittersdorf
  1. Röhl
  2. Scharfbillig
  3. Schleid
  4. Seffern
  5. Sefferweich
  6. Stockem
  7. Sülm
  8. Trimport
  9. Wettlingen
  10. Wiersdorf
  11. Wißmannsdorf
  12. Wolsfeld
3. Irrel
  1. Alsdorf
  2. Bollendorf
  3. Echternacherbrück
  4. Eisenach
  5. Ernzen
  1. Ferschweiler
  2. Gilzem
  3. Holsthum
  4. Irrel1
  5. Kaschenbach
  1. Menningen
  2. Minden
  3. Niederweis
  4. Peffingen
  5. Prümzurlay
  1. Schankweiler
  2. Wallendorf
4. Kyllburg
  1. Badem
  2. Balesfeld
  3. Burbach
  4. Etteldorf
  5. Gindorf
  6. Gransdorf
  1. Kyllburg1, 2
  2. Kyllburgweiler
  3. Malberg
  4. Malbergweich
  5. Neidenbach
  6. Neuheilenbach
  1. Oberkail
  2. Orsfeld
  3. Pickließem
  4. Sankt Thomas
  5. Seinsfeld
  6. Steinborn
  1. Usch
  2. Wilsecker
  3. Zendscheid
5. Neuerburg
  1. Affler
  2. Altscheid
  3. Ammeldingen an der Our
  4. Ammeldingen bei Neuerburg
  5. Bauler
  6. Berkoth
  7. Berscheid
  8. Biesdorf
  9. Burg
  10. Dauwelshausen
  11. Emmelbaum
  12. Fischbach-Oberraden
  13. Geichlingen
  1. Gemünd
  2. Gentingen
  3. Heilbach
  4. Herbstmühle
  5. Hommerdingen
  6. Hütten
  7. Hüttingen bei Lahr
  8. Karlshausen
  9. Keppeshausen
  10. Körperich
  11. Koxhausen
  12. Kruchten
  13. Lahr
  1. Leimbach
  2. Mettendorf
  3. Muxerath
  4. Nasingen
  5. Neuerburg1, 2
  6. Niedergeckler
  7. Niederraden
  8. Niehl
  9. Nusbaum
  10. Obergeckler
  11. Plascheid
  12. Rodershausen
  13. Roth an der Our
  1. Scheitenkorb
  2. Scheuern
  3. Sevenig bei Neuerburg
  4. Sinspelt
  5. Übereisenbach
  6. Uppershausen
  7. Utscheid
  8. Waldhof-Falkenstein
  9. Weidingen
  10. Zweifelscheid
6. Prüm
  1. Auw bei Prüm
  2. Bleialf
  3. Brandscheid
  4. Buchet
  5. Büdesheim
  6. Dingdorf
  7. Feuerscheid
  8. Fleringen
  9. Giesdorf
  10. Gondenbrett
  11. Großlangenfeld
  1. Habscheid
  2. Heckhuscheid
  3. Heisdorf
  4. Hersdorf
  5. Kleinlangenfeld
  6. Lasel
  7. Masthorn
  8. Matzerath
  9. Mützenich
  10. Neuendorf
  11. Niederlauch
  1. Nimshuscheid
  2. Nimsreuland
  3. Oberlascheid
  4. Oberlauch
  5. Olzheim
  6. Orlenbach
  7. Pittenbach
  8. Pronsfeld
  9. Prüm1, 2
  10. Rommersheim
  11. Roth bei Prüm
  1. Schönecken
  2. Schwirzheim
  3. Seiwerath
  4. Sellerich
  5. Wallersheim
  6. Watzerath
  7. Wawern
  8. Weinsheim
  9. Winringen
  10. Winterscheid
  11. Winterspelt
7. Speicher
  1. Auw an der Kyll
  2. Beilingen
  3. Herforst
  1. Hosten
  2. Orenhofen
  3. Philippsheim
  1. Preist
  2. Spangdahlem
  3. Speicher1
1seat of the Verbandsgemeinde; 2town

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°00′N 6°25′E / 50.0°N 6.42°E / 50.0; 6.42