Bitburg-Prüm

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Bitburg-Prüm
District
Locator map BIT in Rhineland-Palatinate.svg
Country  Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
Capital Bitburg
Area
 • Total 1,626.15 km2 (627.86 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 95,946
 • Density 59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration BIT, PRÜ
Website bitburg-pruem.de

The Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is bounded by (from the west and clockwise) Luxembourg, Belgium and the districts of Euskirchen, Vulkaneifel, Bernkastel-Wittlich and Trier-Saarburg.

History[edit]

There are three different historical regions: the abbey and the city of Prüm have been directly subordinate to the Holy Roman Emperor in medieval times; later the free city became the principality of Prüm, occupying large portions in the north.

The southwest including the town of Bitburg was a part of Luxembourg from the 10th to the 15th century. Later it was a part of the Seventeen Provinces and hence under Spanish resp. Austrian rule. After the Napoleonic Wars it was decided to hand this region over to Prussia.

The eastern parts of the district, including the town of Kyllburg, were property of the bishop of Trier.

When Prussia gained all these regions about 1815, it established the three districts of Bitburg, Prüm and Trier. In 1970 the districts of Bitburg and Prüm were merged with parts of the former district of Trier in order to form the present district.

On January 1 2007 the full name of the district was changed to be Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm instead of Landkreis.

Geography[edit]

The district covers the sparsely populated southwestern part of the Eifel Mountains. The portions along the western borders are occupied by a common German-Belgian nature park and a German-Luxembourgian nature park. A great number of rivers rise from the Schneifel in the northwest and from the Kyllwald in the east, and runs southward to the Sauer River (French Sûre), which is an affluent of the Moselle.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms displays:
  • The red cross symbolising the close city of Trier
  • The golden tower from the arms of Bitburg
  • The silver lamb from the arms of Prüm
  • The blue and white pattern from the arms of Luxembourg

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Verband-free town
  1. Bitburg
Verbandsgemeinden
1. Arzfeld
  1. Arzfeld1
  2. Dackscheid
  3. Dahnen
  4. Daleiden
  5. Dasburg
  6. Eilscheid
  7. Eschfeld
  8. Euscheid
  9. Großkampenberg
  10. Hargarten
  11. Harspelt
  1. Herzfeld
  2. Irrhausen
  3. Jucken
  4. Kesfeld
  5. Kickeshausen
  6. Kinzenburg
  7. Krautscheid
  8. Lambertsberg
  9. Lascheid
  10. Lauperath
  11. Leidenborn
  1. Lichtenborn
  2. Lierfeld
  3. Lünebach
  4. Lützkampen
  5. Manderscheid
  6. Mauel
  7. Merlscheid
  8. Niederpierscheid
  9. Oberpierscheid
  10. Olmscheid
  11. Pintesfeld
  1. Plütscheid
  2. Preischeid
  3. Reiff
  4. Reipeldingen
  5. Roscheid
  6. Sengerich
  7. Sevenig (Our)
  8. Strickscheid
  9. Üttfeld
  10. Waxweiler
2. Bitburger Land [seat: Bitburg]
  1. Badem
  2. Balesfeld
  3. Baustert
  4. Bettingen
  5. Bickendorf
  6. Biersdorf am See
  7. Birtlingen
  8. Brecht
  9. Brimingen
  10. Burbach
  11. Dahlem
  12. Dockendorf
  13. Dudeldorf
  14. Echtershausen
  15. Ehlenz
  16. Enzen
  17. Eßlingen
  18. Etteldorf
  1. Feilsdorf
  2. Fließem
  3. Gindorf
  4. Gondorf
  5. Gransdorf
  6. Halsdorf
  7. Hamm
  8. Heilenbach
  9. Hisel
  10. Hütterscheid
  11. Hüttingen an der Kyll
  12. Idenheim
  13. Idesheim
  14. Ingendorf
  15. Kyllburg2
  16. Kyllburgweiler
  17. Ließem
  18. Malberg
  1. Malbergweich
  2. Meckel
  3. Messerich
  4. Metterich
  5. Mülbach
  6. Nattenheim
  7. Neidenbach
  8. Neuheilenbach
  9. Niederstedem
  10. Niederweiler
  11. Oberkail
  12. Oberstedem
  13. Oberweiler
  14. Oberweis
  15. Olsdorf
  16. Orsfeld
  17. Pickließem
  18. Rittersdorf
  1. Röhl
  2. Sankt Thomas
  3. Scharfbillig
  4. Schleid
  5. Seffern
  6. Sefferweich
  7. Seinsfeld
  8. Steinborn
  9. Stockem
  10. Sülm
  11. Trimport
  12. Usch
  13. Wettlingen
  14. Wiersdorf
  15. Wilsecker
  16. Wißmannsdorf
  17. Wolsfeld
  18. Zendscheid
3. Südeifel
  1. Affler
  2. Alsdorf
  3. Altscheid
  4. Ammeldingen an der Our
  5. Ammeldingen bei Neuerburg
  6. Bauler
  7. Berkoth
  8. Berscheid
  9. Biesdorf
  10. Bollendorf
  11. Burg
  12. Dauwelshausen
  13. Echternacherbrück
  14. Eisenach
  15. Emmelbaum
  16. Ernzen
  17. Ferschweiler
  1. Fischbach-Oberraden
  2. Geichlingen
  3. Gemünd
  4. Gentingen
  5. Gilzem
  6. Heilbach
  7. Herbstmühle
  8. Holsthum
  9. Hommerdingen
  10. Hütten
  11. Hüttingen bei Lahr
  12. Irrel
  13. Karlshausen
  14. Kaschenbach
  15. Keppeshausen
  16. Körperich
  17. Koxhausen
  1. Kruchten
  2. Lahr
  3. Leimbach
  4. Menningen
  5. Mettendorf
  6. Minden
  7. Muxerath
  8. Nasingen
  9. Neuerburg1, 2
  10. Niedergeckler
  11. Niederraden
  12. Niederweis
  13. Niehl
  14. Nusbaum
  15. Obergeckler
  16. Peffingen
  17. Plascheid
  1. Prümzurlay
  2. Rodershausen
  3. Roth an der Our
  4. Schankweiler
  5. Scheitenkorb
  6. Scheuern
  7. Sevenig bei Neuerburg
  8. Sinspelt
  9. Übereisenbach
  10. Uppershausen
  11. Utscheid
  12. Waldhof-Falkenstein
  13. Wallendorf
  14. Weidingen
  15. Zweifelscheid
4. Prüm
  1. Auw bei Prüm
  2. Bleialf
  3. Brandscheid
  4. Buchet
  5. Büdesheim
  6. Dingdorf
  7. Feuerscheid
  8. Fleringen
  9. Giesdorf
  10. Gondenbrett
  11. Großlangenfeld
  1. Habscheid
  2. Heckhuscheid
  3. Heisdorf
  4. Hersdorf
  5. Kleinlangenfeld
  6. Lasel
  7. Masthorn
  8. Matzerath
  9. Mützenich
  10. Neuendorf
  11. Niederlauch
  1. Nimshuscheid
  2. Nimsreuland
  3. Oberlascheid
  4. Oberlauch
  5. Olzheim
  6. Orlenbach
  7. Pittenbach
  8. Pronsfeld
  9. Prüm1, 2
  10. Rommersheim
  11. Roth bei Prüm
  1. Schönecken
  2. Schwirzheim
  3. Seiwerath
  4. Sellerich
  5. Wallersheim
  6. Watzerath
  7. Wawern
  8. Weinsheim
  9. Winringen
  10. Winterscheid
  11. Winterspelt
5. Speicher
  1. Auw an der Kyll
  2. Beilingen
  3. Herforst
  1. Hosten
  2. Orenhofen
  3. Philippsheim
  1. Preist
  2. Spangdahlem
  3. Speicher1
1seat of the Verbandsgemeinde; 2town

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°00′N 6°25′E / 50.0°N 6.42°E / 50.0; 6.42