Bixie

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Funerary sculpture from the Eastern Han period (25-220)

A Bixie (Chinese: 辟邪; pinyin: bìxié, Wade-Giles: Pi-hsieh; Japanese: 辟邪, へきじゃ, Hekija) is a type of lion-like mythological Chinese creature, or chimera. It is considered as an exorcising animal (辟邪 literally means "Avoid Evil") and is usually hornless.[1][2] See also Pixiu.

The Bixie can have a pair of wings, which makes it rather similar to the Tianlu (Chinese: 天禄, Japanese: 天禄, てんろく, Tenroku) in following early Chinese sculptural traditions of winged celestial beasts.[1]

The Bixie may have been an adoption from Mesopotamian art, through Persia and Bactria, as a consequence of extensive trade relations initiated by Emperor Han Wudi during the Han period.[3]

Some western scholars of Chinese art use the word "chimera" generically to refer to the bixie, qilin, and tianlu.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chinese sculpture By Angela Falco Howard p.56
  2. ^ Text and ritual in early China By Martin Kern p.56
  3. ^ China: a history By Harold Miles Tanner p.129
  4. ^ Barry Till (1980), "Some Observations on Stone Winged Chimeras at Ancient Chinese Tomb Sites", Artibus Asiae 42 (4): 261–281, JSTOR 3250032