Bkerké

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Bkerke, Maronite Patriarchate

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Maronites

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History
Mardaites
County of Tripoli
Ottoman rule (1860 conflict  · Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate)
1958 Lebanon crisis  · Greater Lebanon
Lebanese Civil War (South Lebanon conflict  · Taif Agreement)

Religious affiliation
Maronite Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East
Lebanese Maronite Order
Mar Bechara Boutros Raï

Politics
National Pact
Lebanese politics
Lebanese nationalism
Phoenicianism
Kataeb Party  · Lebanese Forces  · Free Patriotic Movement

Languages
Arabic (Lebanese Arabic  · Cypriot Arabic); foreign: French  · English; liturgical: Aramaic (Syriac)

Communities
Cyprus · Israel · Lebanon · Jordan · Syria
Lebanese diaspora

Bkerké (Arabic: بكركي also Bkerke or Bkirki) is the See of the Maronite Catholic Patriarchate, located 650 m above the bay of Jounieh in Lebanon.

The See of the Maronite Catholic Patriarchate was originally in Antioch, but due to persecution, it moved first to Saint Maron's Monastery on the Orontes River and then to varied locations in Mount Lebanon, such as Kfarhay, Yanouh, Mayfouq, Lehfed, Habeel, Kfifan, Al Kafr, and Hardeen in the Byblos region. It then moved to Qannoubine in the Kadisha Valley because of intensified persecution and remained from 1440 to 1823 when it moved to Dimane and lastly, in 1830, to Bkerké.[1] Today, Maronite Patriarchs use Dimane as a summer residence and Bkerké as a winter one.

The earlier building on Bkerké site was a monastery settled in 1703. In 1830 it became the winter residence of the Lebanon's Maronite Patriarch. The present red roofed structure was built in 1893[2] during the time of Patriarch John Peter El Hajj.

Though now exclusively used by the Church, the area was owned by the noble Khazen family. The clergy use it under a special waqf.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Maronite Patriarchate
  2. ^ "Bkirke". ikamalebanon. Retrieved 29 January 2011. 
  3. ^ An Interview with Cheikh Malek el-Khazen. CatholicAnalysis.org. Published: 28 July 2014.
  4. ^ Bkerke El Khazen waqf. Khazen.org. Retrieved: 29 November 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°58′05″N 35°38′01″E / 33.9680556°N 35.6336111°E / 33.9680556; 35.6336111