(Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846)
The Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri) is a small hummingbird.
Adults are metallic green above and white below with green flanks. Their bill is long, straight and very slender. The adult male has a black face and chin, a glossy purple throat band and a dark forked tail. The female has a dark rounded tail with white tips and no throat patch; they are similar to female Ruby-throated Hummingbirds.
Their breeding habitat is open semi-arid areas near water in the western United States, northern Mexico and southern British Columbia. The female builds a well-camouflaged nest in a protected location in a shrub or tree using plant fibre, spider webs and lichens.
They are migratory and spend most of the winter in Mexico.
Because of their small size, they are vulnerable to insect-eating birds and animals. This bird is fairly common in its breeding range.
A hybrid between this species and Anna's Hummingbird was called "Trochilus" violajugulum. The Black-chinned Hummingbird is also known to hybridize with Costa's Hummingbird. The Black-chinned humming bird is 8.25 cm (3¼ inches) long.
- Video (.wmv) (.mp4 - iPod) Hummingbird hovers and feeds. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. Stored at blip.tv
- Video (.wmv) Hummingbird shaping a nest. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. Stored at blip.tv
- Video (.wmv) Hummingbird adding spider's web to nest. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. Stored at blip.tv
- Video (.wmv) Hummingbird adding downy seed to nest. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. Stored at blip.tv
- Black-chinned Hummingbird videos on the Internet Bird Collection
- http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Black-chinned_Hummingbird/id for sounds, videos and more info
-  Female black chinned hummingbird from Logan, Utah