Black-lyre Leafroller Moth

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Black-lyre Leafroller Moth
Cnephasia jactatana.jpg
Adult in Papanui, New Zealand
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Tortricidae
Tribe: Cnephasiini
Genus: "Cnephasia" (see text)
Species: "C." jactatana
Binomial name
"Cnephasia" jactatana
Walker, 1863
Synonyms

See text

The Black-lyre Leafroller Moth ("Cnephasia" jactatana) is a tortrix moth species (family Tortricidae). It is endemic to New Zealand.

It belongs to the subfamily Tortricinae and therein to tribe Cnephasiini. But among these, it is in fact not close enough to the type species of CnephasiaCnephasia pasiuana of Europe – to properly belong in that genus. Alternatively, it has variously been referred to Batodes (= Ditula) or Paedisca (= Epinotia); if anything it might belong to the latter, presently circumscribed as a large and wide-ranging group of uncertain monophyly. But its actual genus has yet to be determined with certainty.[1]

The species is primarily known as a pest of Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa), but the caterpillars feed on various other trees with fleshy fruit, such as Citrus, hawthorns (Crataegus), persimmons and ebonies (Diospyros), gum trees (Eucalyptus), fuchsias (Fuchsia) and grapevines (Vitis). They primarily feed on the leaves, but can also damage the husk and fruit body.[2]

The eggs are laid on the topside of the leaf. They prefer older leaves.[3]

Synonyms[edit]

Junior synonyms of this species are:[1]

  • Batodes jactatana Walker, 1863
  • Sciaphila flexivittana Walker, 1863
  • Paedisca privatana Walker, 1863
  • Paedisca voluta Felder & Rogenhoffer, 1875

Gallery[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Baixeras et al. (2009)
  2. ^ Jiménez-Pérez et al. (2002)
  3. ^ Jiménez-Pérez & Wang (2003)

References[edit]

  • Baixeras, J.; Brown, J.W. & Gilligan, T.M. (2009): Online World Catalogue of the Tortricidae"Cnephasia" jactatana. Version 1.3.1. Retrieved 2009-JAN-20.
  • Jiménez-Pérez, A. & Wang, Q. (2003): Oviposition behaviour of Cnephasia' jactatana Walker (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on kiwifruit. New Zealand Entomologist 26'(1): 109-111. PDF fulltext
  • Jiménez-Pérez, A.; Wang, Q. & Markwick, N.P. (2002): Adult Activity Patterns of Cnephasia jactatana Walker (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). New Zealand Plant Protection 55: 374-379. PDF fulltext