The black-spotted cuscus (Spilocuscus rufoniger) is a species of marsupial in the Phalangeridae family. It is among the largest members of the family, only being surpassed by the bear cuscus. It is a relatively colourful species with whitish or yellowish underparts, rich rufous crown and limbs, and a black saddle or mottling on the back. It is found in forest at altitudes of up to 1200 m.a.s.l. in northern New Guinea. It is threatened by hunting and habitat loss, and has already disappeared from large parts of its range. Consequently it is rated as Critically Endangered by IUCN.
^ abcLeary, T., Singadan, R., Menzies, J., Helgen, K., Allison, A., James, R., Flannery, T., Aplin, K., Dickman, C. & Salas, L. (2008). Spilocuscus rufoniger. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 28 December 2008. Database entry includes justification for why this species is listed as critically endangered