|Company / developer||BlackBerry Ltd|
|OS family||QNX (Unix-like)|
|Source model||Closed source|
|Initial release||January 30, 2013|
|Latest release||10.2.1.3247 / June 25th, 2014|
|Update method||Carrier dependant|
|Supported platforms||BlackBerry line of smartphones|
|Kernel type||Real-time microkernel (QNX)|
|Default user interface||Graphical|
BlackBerry 10 is a proprietary mobile operating system developed by BlackBerry Limited for its BlackBerry line of smartphone and tablet handheld devices. Devices running BlackBerry 10 are the Q5, Q10, Z3, Z10, Z30 and the P'9982 smartphones. BlackBerry 10 is based on the QNX operating system, which is popular in industrial computers and used in many car computers, which was acquired by BlackBerry in April 2010.
When it was first released (as version 10.0) BlackBerry 10 was the third major release of a QNX based mobile operating system, following the release of BlackBerry Tablet OS with the BlackBerry PlayBook on April 19, 2011, and BlackBerry Tablet OS version 2.0 on February 21, 2012. BlackBerry 10 and BlackBerry Tablet OS have numerous technical similarities, with BlackBerry 10 providing substantial enhancements over the earlier releases. BlackBerry 10 has continued to improve and evolve as can be seen by the release of newer versions 10.1, 10.2 and 10.2.1 which have added increased features and functionality, free of charge, to the devices.
The BlackBerry 10 operating system uses an combination of gestures and touches for navigation and control, making it possible to enter commands on the BlackBerry 10 operating system without having to press any of the physical buttons, with the exception of the power button that switches the device on/off.
- 1 Launch announcements
- 2 User interface
- 3 Features
- 4 Applications
- 5 Devices
- 6 Developer activities
- 7 Reception
- 8 Version history
- 8.1 BlackBerry 10.0
- 8.2 BlackBerry 10.1
- 8.3 BlackBerry 10.2
- 9 Branding controversy
- 10 Licensing
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
On November 12, 2012, CEO Thorsten Heins announced a January 30, 2013 launch of the BlackBerry 10 operating system version 10.0 and the first smartphones running it. The operating system, as well as two devices, the Z10 (a full touchscreen device), and the Q10 (a device equipped with a physical keyboard), were announced simultaneously around the world on January 30, 2013. The company also announced that the BlackBerry PlayBook tablet would receive an update to BlackBerry 10 later in 2013. Subsequently BlackBerry stated when releasing their Q1 2014 financial results that the BlackBerry PlayBook would not be receiving an update to BlackBerry 10, citing that the hardware would not provide a good experience of BlackBerry 10 and are focusing on future devices. BlackBerry has continued to support and develop the PlayBook with its separate Tablet OS.
On 14 May 2013 BlackBerry OS 10.1 was launched. This brought improvements to many features requested by users.
On 13 September 2013, in Asia, BlackBerry announced the launch of BlackBerry OS 10.2 and a new BlackBerry 10 device, the Z30, providing performance increases over the previous BlackBerry 10 devices.
On 1 May 2012, Thorsten Heins, CEO of BlackBerry officially unveiled the BlackBerry 10 platform. The features shown off at the BlackBerry World conference included a unique platform-wide flow interface, a new intelligent keyboard, as well as a camera app which allows the user to time-adjust the whole photo and also time-adjust individual faces one at a time to optimize picture quality. The user interface also includes the ability to run 8 "Active Frames". Active Frames are applications that are currently running within the operating system, but minimized. These applications can either be running or paused while in "Active Frames" to help with battery longevity. Some are capable of showing a feed of live information on the home screen. The Operating System also features the 'Hub', a list accessible from anywhere in the OS where all notifications including emails, social networking sites and text messages in one complete list. BlackBerry 10 has also been regarded as one of the most Intellectual, Instinctive, Elegant, Fluid, Advanced, Multitasking & Multimedia Mobile Operating System ever created in the World to date. BB10.2
Gestures are largely integrated within the BlackBerry 10, featuring four main gestures for easy navigation. Quick swiping up from the bottom edge of the bezel will result in users returning to the home screen. From there, users can view and close active applications. Users can also swipe from the top edge, to bring down a quick setting shade on the home screen, or an option shade on other supported apps. Also, while using any application, the upside down J-hook (starting from the bottom of the bezel and moving upward and right) allows users to peek at any notifications or messages on the BlackBerry Hub. Finally, swiping left to right (or vice versa) scroll through the available screens. It is possible to navigate around and through the apps using gestures and without needing navigation buttons.
Similar to BlackBerry Tablet OS, BlackBerry 10 OS also supports multitasking with gesture integration. Swiping up from any application brings up the running application screen, which functions as an application switcher and a task manager. Users can switch through running applications by tapping on any of the apps or close them by tapping on the ‘X’ on the lower right of the app itself. Some apps also offer widget like functionality, similar to Android. Examples of this include, picture app cycling through a photo album or calendar app showing upcoming events and meetings. Users are currently limited to 8 running applications, which are displayed from most to least recently accessed.
BlackBerry Hub acts as a notification center, with the user’s entire social and email accounts integrated into one app. These include, at launch, standard E-mail client, Twitter, Facebook, BlackBerry Messenger (BBM), and LinkedIn (with options to turn any of these services off). Standard notifications like missed calls, voicemail, and system updates also appear on the hub. The hub can be accessible from any app/lock screen, by performing an upside down j-hook gesture. Users can perform various tasks like compose emails, send emails, and browse social networks, without accessing other apps. Developers are also given options to integrate apps into the BlackBerry Hub.
BlackBerry Balance is a new feature introduced in BlackBerry 10, enabling users to keep both personal data and office work data separated in its own spaces. Using BlackBerry Enterprise Service 10, IT departments can allow users to set up work-spaces that automatically install applications and email accounts. After completion, users can navigate between personal and work profiles, by swiping down on the apps page. All of the user’s data is secured via 256-bit AES encryption, and any files created will stay within the profile partition.
Time shift camera
BlackBerry 10 features camera software that takes multiple frames of every photo. This feature allows users to adjust a photo easily to correct issues such as closed eyes.
BlackBerry's messaging application (BBM) in BB10 includes the ability to video chat and make VoIP calls as well as the ability to share the contents of a user's screen with others for free on WiFi or on your mobile data plan.
BlackBerry 10 introduced an Android runtime layer. This allows developers to easily package and distribute their applications designed to work on the Android platform. As of BB10.2, applications developed for Android 4.2.2 (Jelly Bean) and below are supported.
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BlackBerry 10 features a virtual keyboard that brings a wider range of features over previous versions. The keyboard has been written from scratch in new code, and shares visual "branding" similarities with physical keyboards from earlier devices. For example the letters and numbers use the same Frets and fonts as the old BlackBerry devices. The software allows the keyboard to learn the user’s typing preferences, and offers auto-predictions in a way that many users describe as novel and useful. It does this for the current word and then the next word. Predictions are made "above the key" unlike most other mobile devices which require your finger to do a diversion to the space bar. Predicted words appear above the letter that the keyboard thinks you will touch next. You can "flick" these predictions upwards into place very quickly, because your finger will be already heading for the appropriate area of the keyboard i.e. the next letter of the word you are typing is where the prediction is displayed. Deleting words is achieved with a swipe from right to left across the keyboard. This one stroke deletes the whole word to the left of the cursor, which most people find to be faster than using backspace to delete characters one at a time.
Voice Control was also introduced in BB10, allowing users to send BBMs, schedule meetings, update social networks, and open apps using natural speech patterns. Voice control can also be used for typing on any screen that accepts keyboard input.
BlackBerry Link allows users to sync and organize music, documents, photos, and videos between a BB10 device and a computer. It is compatible with Mac and PC, and supports iTunes and Windows Media Player. Syncs are done over Wi-Fi or USB. BlackBerry Link also facilitates device switches from Android and iOS as well as BB10 software updates. Link transfers contacts, files, calendars, tasks, bookmarks, alarm clocks, SMS, phone logs, WLAN profiles and other information between devices.
BlackBerry 10 features a number of free pre-loaded applications that help users perform various tasks and activities. These include maps, Web browser, Remember (Sticky notes app), Docs to Go (for Microsoft PowerPoint, Word, and Excel files), Story Maker (video and music stitching app), calculator, clock, music, media, weather, and file manager. Cloud service integrations like Box and Dropbox are also integrated by default. In addition, BlackBerry's popular messaging service, BlackBerry Messenger is included with BlackBerry 10.
At the time of the release in January 2013, BlackBerry 10 operating system had 70,000 third party applications. This represents a substantial increase over the BlackBerry PlayBook which launched with only 3,000 third party applications. At BlackBerry Live 2013, BlackBerry announced that they had surpassed 120,000 apps, and that Skype would be available on the BlackBerry Z10., Skype and Instagram apps for BB10 are available now in BlackBerry World.
Through the "Android runtime" component of the platform, BlackBerry 10 can run applications designed for the Android platform. Originally, Android apps required a special "wrapping" process in order to run on BlackBerry 10, which translated API calls for certain Android-specific functions (such as navigation buttons) into those that can be recognized by BlackBerry's operating system. As of the 10.2.1 update, APK files can now be installed directly; although it does not support Google Play Store, application platform VP Chris Smith demonstrated at Mobile World Congress that users could easily install and use the Amazon Appstore to download and install Android apps to run on their BlackBerry phones. Smith did not rule out the possibility of establishing formal partnerships with non-Google application stores for use on BlackBerry in the future.
Unlike the previous BlackBerry OS (but similar to the BlackBerry PlayBook), applications can either be downloaded through BlackBerry's BlackBerry World storefront, which comes included with BlackBerry 10, or can be installed through various means from several Android app stores.
|Z3||A mid range smartphone with no physical keyboard (fully touchscreen).|
|Z10||A smartphone with no physical keyboard (fully touchscreen).|
|Z30||A smartphone with no physical keyboard (fully touchscreen) and the current flagship BlackBerry device.|
|Q5||Smartphone with classic Curve-like BlackBerry QWERTY keyboard (targeted to emerging markets) with slightly less powerful specifications.|
|Q10||Smartphone with classic Bold-like BlackBerry QWERTY keyboard.|
|Classic||Smartphone with classic Bold-like BlackBerry QWERTY keyboard, navigation keys, and trackpad.|
|Passport||Smartphone with a new QWERTY keyboard.|
|Porsche Design P’9982||The Porsche Design version of the BlackBerry Z10 with a slightly modified version of software making it unique to the others. It's the only BlackBerry 10 device with an in-built storage of 64GB.|
|Porsche Design P’9983||The Porsche Design version of the BlackBerry Q10 with a slightly modified version of software making it unique to the others. Yet to be announced.|
Building up to the launch, the company made substantial changes to how it had previously engaged developers, being substantially more aggressive at courting developers, solving issues and being transparent about development updates. The company sent two teams to engage developers. The first, focused on acquiring premier applications from third parties. The second team focused on engaging the broader development community and building the platforms application count.
In May 2012, the company released a prototype touch screen smartphone to BlackBerry developers as part of the BlackBerry 10 Jam Conference in Orlando, Florida. The Dev Alpha A' device, which resembled a small BlackBerry PlayBook, ran an early version of the operating system and was provided as a means for developers to develop and test their applications on a physical device.
In September 2012, a second developer prototype was released in September 2012, known as the Dev Alpha B. It includes a faster processor and a number of internal improvements.
A third developer device, the Dev Alpha C, was announced on November 29, 2012, and is the first developer prototype to demonstrate the physical keyboard capabilities of BlackBerry 10. Acquisition of a Dev Alpha C device is based around a point system, meaning that developers who have previously developed apps for BlackBerry, or have had the Dev Alpha A/B devices, will have a higher chance of receiving a device than a new BlackBerry developer. It was released at the BlackBerry Jam Europe 2013 event in February 2013.
Pre-launch “Portathons” held by BlackBerry have received up to 19,000 applications submitted per weekend.
Reviews of BlackBerry 10 have been generally positive. David Pogue of the New York Times noted that the software was, “simple to master, elegantly designed and surprisingly complete. It offers features nobody else offers, some tailored to the corporate world that raised BlackBerry aloft in its glory days.” Walt Mossberg of the Wall Street Journal referred to the operating system as “logical and generally easy to use”. Mossberg praised the virtual keyboard, camera software, and messaging hub; but criticized its application ecosystem, cloud capabilities and the immaturity of some features. Gizmodo's Kyle Wagner states that BlackBerry 10's home screen "gives BB10 the single best implementation of multitasking of any mobile OS right now". Wagner goes on to say that the Hub "works out to function a bit more like a junk drawer". He also reports what he refers to as the "Tragic Flaw": "Unlike every other major OS right now, BlackBerry does not feel fully integrated.". Wagner's review was based on the 10.0 OS and it should be noted that since the initial reviews of BB10 the OS has been updated several times and for many the issues have been tackled.
In comparison to that, at launch, CrackBerry.com views the new features more positively and takes into account the fact that the OS is brand new. It says that the BlackBerry Hub “is a polished solution to efficiently managing the influx of messages we have coming at us...". It goes on to mention minor discrepancies and finally pointing out that many of the problems are getting fixed in future updates (some now released, e.g. battery life improvements, call ringtone disabled in bedside mode). It criticizes the limited customization options compared to BlackBerry OS (Alert tone volumes, alert light colour). Regarding the apps in BlackBerry World "really impressed by the quality of apps BlackBerry World has to offer", it notes that the application ecosystem is not as large as Android and iOS because of its age (brand new) and finishes with "doubtlessly many more will come around once they see the Z10 getting traction in the wild." Its general summary of BlackBerry 10 (with thought for its predecessor) "is that BlackBerry 10 really is the best of the old and the best of the new assembled seamlessly into an elegant, practical, and integrated package."
As of Q2 2013, the new BlackBerry 10 platform had almost the same number of developers using the platform as the legacy BlackBerry 5/6/7 had just before the release of BlackBerry 10. Within a few months from its launch, the BlackBerry 10 platform was used by approximately 15% of mobile developers.
Some reviewers in the US have criticized US carriers, such as Verizon, for holding back new upgrade releases of the BB10 OS, therefore restricting the performance of their customer's BB10 devices as well as increasing problems with compatibility with new apps, hardware and software. There are available work-arounds to obtain current software.
|Table of versions: BlackBerry OS 10.0|
|Version||Release date||Features / Improvements|
|(BlackBerry 10 release version)||See BlackBerry 10 for features.|
|March 1, 2013||
|Version||Release date||Features / Improvements|
|Table of versions: BlackBerry OS 10.1|
|Version||Release date||Features / Improvements|
|May 14, 2013||
|June 10, 2013/ June 18, 2013 / July 9, 2013||
|July 29, 2013||
|Version||Release date||Features / Improvements|
|Table of versions: BlackBerry OS 10.2|
|Version||Release date||Features / Improvements|
|Has been released on the BlackBerry Z30, Z10, Q10, Q5.||
|Has been released on the BlackBerry Z30, Z10, Q10, Q5, Porsche Design P’9982||
Additionally, the Android runtime has been improved:
|Has been released on the BlackBerry Z30, Z10, Q10 and Q5.||
This would likely be the last update for BlackBerry 10.2, in preparation for 10.3.1 later this year.
|Version||Release date||Features / Improvements|
The platform was originally called BBX but this was changed when BlackBerry was blocked from using the BBX trademark after legal action from BASIS International, who already uses it for their software. The fix was simple. As "X" is the Roman numeral for "ten", the new platform was launched as BlackBerry 10.
Former BlackBerry CEO, Thorsten Heins, before the BlackBerry 10 launch, said that BlackBerry would consider allowing other OEMs to use BlackBerry 10 under license.
- Operating system
- Mobile computing
- Newton OS
- BlackBerry OS
- BlackBerry Tablet OS
- BlackBerry Z10
- BlackBerry Q10
- BlackBerry Z30
- BlackBerry 10 Re-designed Re-engineered and Re-invented - Press Releases
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- Press Release: BlackBerry Introduces the New BlackBerry Z30 Smartphone with 5” Display and BlackBerry 10.2 OS | CrackBerry.com
- 30 Ways QNX Touches Your Life
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- Transfer from iPhone & Android to BlackBerry 10 Smartphones - US
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- This is an A-B Conversation. Well, C Too. | BlackBerry Developer Blog
- "Extending the Deadline for Built for BlackBerry". Retrieved 2013-02-28.
- "BlackBerry, Rebuilt, Lives to Fight Another Day | The New York Times url=http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/31/technology/the-blackberry-refreshed-lives-to-fight-another-day.html?pagewanted=all".
- "BlackBerry Z10 Review: Not Good Enough | Gizmodo url=http://gizmodo.com/5984411/blackberry-z10-review-not-good-enough".
- 'THE ONLY REAL "ALTERNATIVE" TO 5 INCH ANDROID PHONES..' - BlackBerry Z30 user review and rating - CNET Reviews
- Mixmag | BLACKBERRY Z30
- BlackBerry Z10 Review | CrackBerry.com
- Sweet Dreams! Bedside Mode now allowing you to sleep well and not miss calls thanks to latest BlackBerry 10 update | CrackBerry.com
- BlackBerry 10 Review | CrackBerry.com
- Developer Economics Q3 2013 analyst report - http://www.visionmobile.com/DevEcon3Q13 - Retrieved July 2013
- Re: Just updated to OS 10.0.9.2372 - BlackBerry Support Community Forums
- BlackBerry 10 software updated to 10.0.10.85: Top 5 Improvements | Inside BlackBerry
- BlackBerry 10.1 Now Available for BlackBerry Z10 | Inside BlackBerry
- Denninger, Karl (May 3, 2013). "Sneak Peek: BlackBerry 10.1 OS". The Market Ticker. Retrieved June 16, 2013. "First, password paste into system fields has been fixed. If you have a password "safe" reload that first and then the rest becomes easy, since you can now paste in your seutp information for Facebook, Twitter and such."
- Software version: BlackBerry Z10 | T-Mobile Support
- Overview | BlackBerry® Z10 4G LTE | Phones & Devices | Support | TELUS Mobility
- AT&T finally rolling out BlackBerry 10.1 update for the BlackBerry Z10 | CrackBerry.com
- A New BlackBerry 10.1 Update Available Starting Today | Inside BlackBerry
- How to Get BlackBerry 10.2 on BlackBerry Z10 and BlackBerry Q10 | Inside BlackBerry
- Official announcement: BlackBerry 10.2.1 is here - Lets you do more, more easily
- Vodafone now rolling out OS 10.2.1.2141
- AT&T Rolling Out BlackBerry Z10 OS 10.2.1.2179
- BlackBerry OS 10.2.1.2228 Now Available for All (Thx T-Mobile!)
- Sprint finally rolls out BlackBerry 10.2.1
- Important New BlackBerry OS 10.2.1 Update: Lets You Do More, More Easily | Inside BlackBerry
- The Blackberry Runtime for Android Apps Just Got a Whole Lot Sweeter | Inside Blackberry Developer Blog
- BlackBerry 10 receives a minor software update in preparation for 10.3.1 later this year | MobileSyrup.com:
- Lawler, Richard. "RIM loses BBX trademark battle, next OS is named BlackBerry 10". Engadget. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
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