Black Bourton shown within Oxfordshire
|Population||274 (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Black Bourton|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Black Bourton village|
Church and chapel
Church of England
The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary the Virgin was originally built about AD 1190. The five-bay arcade between the nave and north aisle survives from this time. In the 13th century the chancel, nave and north aisle were remodelled and a north chapel was added. Early English Gothic lancet windows in chancel, nave and north chapel date from this time. The north doorway of the north aisle dates from the 14th century. In the 15th century the bell tower was built into the nave and the stone pulpit was built. The tower has a ring of five bells, but currently they are unringable.
The building was restored under the direction of the architect E.G. Bruton in 1866. During the restoration a number of late 13th century wall paintings. were discovered inside the church. At the time these were whitewashed over again, but in 1932 they were uncovered again and restored. On the south wall is St Richard of Chichester with, below, the Adoration of the Magi, the Angel appearing to St Joseph, and the Massacre of the Innocents, all with foliage borders. On the north side of the nave over the arcade are paintings of Saints Peter and Paul, the Baptism of Jesus the Coronation of the Virgin, and the stoning of Saint Stephen.
The parish is now part of the Benefice of Shill Valley and Broadshire, which includes also the parishes of Alvescot, Broadwell, Broughton Poggs, Filkins, Holwell, Kelmscott, Kencot, Langford, Little Faringdon, Shilton and Westwell.
Social and economic history
The influential romantic novelist Maria Edgeworth was born in Black Bourton in 1767. A cul-de-sac in Carterton is named "Edgeworth Drive" after her. The painter William Turner was born in Black Bourton in 1789.
In 1873 the East Gloucestershire Railway between Fairford and Witney was opened. It provided Alvescot railway station 0.5 miles (800 m) west of Black Bourton on the road to Alvescot. The Great Western Railway took over the line in 1890 and British Railways closed it in 1962.
- "Area selected: West Oxfordshire (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 458.
- Painted Church website: The Baptism of Christ/SS.Peter & Paul: Black Bourton, Oxfordshire
- Townley 2006, pp. 94–99.
- Painted Church website: The Coronation of the Virgin, Black Bourton, Oxfordshire
- Painted Church website: The Stoning of Stephen: Black Bourton, Oxfordshire
- Archbishops' Council (2010). "Benefice of Shill Valley and Broadshire". Church of England. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 459.
- Oxfordshire Churches & Chapels: Black Bourton
- The Vines
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 458–459. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
- Townley, Simon C. (ed.); Colvin, Christina; Cragoe, Carol; Ortenberg, Veronica; Peberdy, R.B.; Selwyn, Nesta; Williamson, Elizabeth (2006). A History of the County of Oxford. Victoria County History. 15: Bampton Hundred (Part Three). pp. 73–101. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
Media related to Black Bourton at Wikimedia Commons