Black Bourton

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Black Bourton
Black Bourton is located in Oxfordshire
Black Bourton
Black Bourton
 Black Bourton shown within Oxfordshire
Population 274 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SP2803
Civil parish Black Bourton
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district OX18
Dialling code 01993
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
Website Black Bourton village
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°43′59″N 1°35′24″W / 51.733°N 1.590°W / 51.733; -1.590

Black Bourton is a village and civil parish about 2 miles (3 km) south of Carterton, Oxfordshire. The village is on Black Bourton Brook, a tributary of the River Thames.

Church and chapel[edit]

Church of England[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary the Virgin was originally built about AD 1190.[2] The five-bay arcade between the nave and north aisle survives from this time. In the 13th century the chancel, nave and north aisle were remodelled and a north chapel was added.[2] Early English Gothic lancet windows in chancel, nave and north chapel date from this time.[2] The north doorway of the north aisle dates from the 14th century.[2] In the 15th century the bell tower was built into the nave and the stone pulpit was built.[2] The tower has a ring of five bells, but currently they are unringable.

War graves in St. Mary's churchyard

The building was restored under the direction of the architect E.G. Bruton in 1866.[2] During the restoration a number of late 13th century wall paintings.[2] were discovered inside the church. At the time these were whitewashed over again, but in 1932 they were uncovered again and restored.[3] On the south wall is St Richard of Chichester with, below, the Adoration of the Magi, the Angel appearing to St Joseph, and the Massacre of the Innocents, all with foliage borders.[4] On the north side of the nave over the arcade are paintings of Saints Peter and Paul, the Baptism of Jesus the Coronation of the Virgin,[5] and the stoning of Saint Stephen.[6]

The parish is now part of the Benefice of Shill Valley and Broadshire, which includes also the parishes of Alvescot, Broadwell, Broughton Poggs, Filkins, Holwell, Kelmscott, Kencot, Langford, Little Faringdon, Shilton and Westwell.[7]

Chapel[edit]

A Primitive Methodist congregation was established in the village in the 19th century and built its own chapel in 1861.[8][9]

Social and economic history[edit]

The Vines hotel and restaurant
The Old Inn, now a private house

The influential romantic novelist Maria Edgeworth was born in Black Bourton in 1767. A cul-de-sac in Carterton is named "Edgeworth Drive" after her. The painter William Turner was born in Black Bourton in 1789.

Bourton Place was the manor house of the Hungerford family.[8] It was demolished in about 1800.[8]

The village school was designed by the architect Sir George Gilbert Scott and built in 1865.[8]

In 1873 the East Gloucestershire Railway between Fairford and Witney was opened. It provided Alvescot railway station 0.5 miles (800 m) west of Black Bourton on the road to Alvescot. The Great Western Railway took over the line in 1890 and British Railways closed it in 1962.

Amenities[edit]

Black Bourton has a gastropub and hotel, The Vines.[10]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Black Bourton at Wikimedia Commons