Black Canyon City, Arizona
|Black Canyon City, Arizona|
Location in Yavapai County and the state of Arizona
|• Total||20 sq mi (51.7 km2)|
|• Land||20.0 sq mi (51.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||2,000 ft (610 m)|
|• Density||135.1/sq mi (52.2/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||0026377|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 20.0 square miles (52 km2), all of it land.
Black Canyon City is located in southern Yavapai County and is approximately 22 miles north of Phoenix. Included in the southern part of Black Canyon City is the community of Rock Springs. It is served by Interstate 17 which bisects the City. I-17 is the main north-south freeway between Phoenix and Flagstaff. The Agua Fria river runs right through the center of Black Canyon City and the river empties into Lake Pleasant to the southwest.
Black Canyon City is becoming a bedroom exurb of Phoenix with the continued rapid growth of Phoenix northward. The assessed value of Black Canyon City property more than doubled between 2000 and 2007.
Black Canyon City has been known by several names in the past, including Goddard, Canon, and Black Canyon. It was a stage stop on the Phoenix to Prescott line, a military stopover en route to Fort Whipple and Fort Verde during Territorial days, and a supply center for mines in the southern Bradshaw Mountains. The area was first settled by Americans in the 1870s, and the first post office was established as Canon in 1894. A famous early settler was Jack Swilling, who moved here in 1871. His walls of his house still stand, and it is the oldest building in the community.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,697 people, 1,241 households, and 771 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 135.1 people per square mile (52.1/km²). There were 1,409 housing units at an average density of 70.6 per square mile (27.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.85% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 1.22% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 1.82% from two or more races. 3.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,241 households out of which 18.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.64.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 17.5% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 32.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 109.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.1 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,908, and the median income for a family was $41,193. Males had a median income of $36,310 versus $22,750 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $20,117. About 7.6% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.
Drinking water health issues
Black Canyon City, in common with such other Yavapai county communities as Camp Verde, Cornville, Rimrock and Village of Oak Creek, has well water exceeding the current maximum limit of 10 ppb arsenic. Two thirds of the Black Canyon City residents and most of the businesses are served by a water District. The remaining residents are served by a private water company. Both water systems have invested heavily in arsenic treatment facilities and the water in Black Canyon City fully meets all federal standards. Both are continuously monitored by ADEQ for compliance.
See also: Arsenic contamination of groundwater
Police protection in the Black Canyon City area is the responsibility of the Southern Area Command of the Yavapai County Sheriff's Office.
The fire department was established in 1969 and was originally called "Canyon Community Volunteer Fire Department." In 1983 the department became a Fire District and the name was changed to Black Canyon Fire District.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Black Canyon City, Arizona
- Black Canyon City profile
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Southern Area Command, Yavapai County Sheriff's Office, 2008-08-28. Accessed 2009-01-28.