Black Creek, Wisconsin

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Black Creek, Wisconsin
Village
Black Creek Welcome Sign
Black Creek Welcome Sign
Nickname(s): "Birthplace of the First Organized National Baseball Team",[1] "Crossroads to the Northwoods"
Location of Black Creek, Wisconsin
Location of Black Creek, Wisconsin
Location of Black Creek, Wisconsin in Outagamie County
Location of Black Creek, Wisconsin in Outagamie County
Coordinates: 44°27′30″N 88°27′21″W / 44.45833°N 88.45583°W / 44.45833; -88.45583Coordinates: 44°27′30″N 88°27′21″W / 44.45833°N 88.45583°W / 44.45833; -88.45583
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Outagamie
Settled 1862
Incorporated 1904
Government
 • Type PresidentTrustees
 • President Steve Rettler[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 1.04 sq mi (2.69 km2)
 • Land 1.03 sq mi (2.67 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation[4] 804 ft (245 m)
Population (2010)[5]
 • Total 1,316
 • Estimate (2012[6]) 1,315
 • Density 1,277.7/sq mi (493.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes 54106
Area code(s) (920)
FIPS code 55-07750[7]
GNIS feature ID 1582819[4]
Website www.VillageofBlackCreek.com

Black Creek is a village in Outagamie County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,316 at the 2010 census. The village is located in the Town of Black Creek.

History[edit]

The village of Black Creek was settled by Thomas J. Burdick and his son, Abraham L. Burdick, in 1862. The community had been known as Middleburg until 1872, when its name was changed to reflect the dark-colored creek at the northern edge of the village. Black Creek was incorporated as a village in 1904. Its first village president was Charles J. Hagen, founder of Chas Hagen Cheese Box Company, now known as Konz Wood Products.[8] In 1962 a centennial celebration[9] was held and a sesquicentennial celebration was held on June 2, 2012.[10]

In 1869, the country's first organized baseball team was formed in Black Creek by L.J. Cook. Thus, the village is known as the birthplace of Wisconsin baseball.[1] At the time, the team played at the village's North Park. It was a part of the Dairyland League along with teams from the communities of Bonduel, Hofa Park, Landstad, Garso, Seymour, Oneida, Shiocton, Kaukauna, Bear Creek, Oconto Falls, Greenville, Ashwaubenon, and Little Chute.[11] Black Creek's major rivalries were with the Navarino Rangers and the Nichols Nitros. The Black Creek team disbanded in the mid-1990s. To commemorate the village's baseball history, a "North vs. South Grudge Match" softball game is played annually.[12]

In 1875, Black Creek published its first newspaper, the Black Creek Journal, which was discontinued in 1880. The Black Creek Times Press was first issued in 1904 and discontinued in 1928.

Black Creek established its first dairy factory, Black Creek Creamery, in 1901. The plant has changed ownership several times since its beginning.[12] It is now run by Saputo[13] under its Alto - Black Creek brand.[14]

The village library formed in 1901. The following year, 1902, a large fire destroyed much of Main Street, leading to the organization of the village fire department in 1904. In 1910 telephone service was made available to local residents, with electricity making its debut in 1911.[9]

The Black Creek area was formerly the nation's leader in sauerkraut production.[15] Thus, the village has supported multiple sauerkraut factories since the late 1880s.[12] One big name brand was Frank Pure Food Company which purchased an existing kraut plant in Black Creek in 1956. The plant specialized in Frank's Quality Kraut on the village's west side for decades, but later ceased operations in the late 1980s.[16]

The village adopted the nickname "Crossroads to the Northwoods" in 2004.[17] In 2008, the former Green Bay & Western Railroad corridor was converted into the Newton Blackmour State Trail.[18]

In the summer of 2010, Black Creek experienced two major floods. The first occurred on the morning of July 19 when 4 inches (100 mm) of rain fell[19][20] and the second on the night of August 20 when the community received another 6 inches (150 mm). Other smaller floods in the past flooded only the Canadian National Railway underpass.[21][22]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Black Creek is located at 44°28′28″N 88°27′0″W / 44.47444°N 88.45000°W / 44.47444; -88.45000 (44.474517, −88.450125).[23] in northeastern Wisconsin at the intersection of WIS-47 and WIS-54, about 20 miles (40 km) west of Green Bay and 15 miles (24 km) north of the Fox Cities. It is in the Central Plains and Eastern Ridges and Lowlands regions of Wisconsin. The community is considered part of the Fox Valley.[24]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.04 square miles (2.69 km2), of which, 1.03 square miles (2.67 km2) of it is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[3]

Climate[edit]

Black Creek has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb),.[25] Like other cities with this type of climate, there are four distinct seasons, often with severe or extreme variation between them in terms of temperature and precipitation. The village experiences warm, humid, frequently hot summers and long, cold and snowy winters. The variance in temperature and precipitation between months is severe and often extreme.

Temperature[edit]

Monthly mean temperatures range from 15 °F (−9.4 °C) in January to 70 °F (21.1 °C) in July.[26] In July, the warmest month, the average high temperature is 81 °F (27.2 °C).[26] There are 8 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs, 163 days where the high remains at or below freezing annually. From December to February, even during thaws, the temperature rarely reaches 50 °F (10 °C). Extremes have ranged from −31 °F (−35 °C) to 99 °F (37 °C).

Precipitation[edit]

The wettest month in Black Creek is August, when 4 inches (101.6 mm) of precipitation falls, mostly in the form of rainfall from thunderstorms. The driest month in Black Creek is February, when the majority of precipitation falls as low moisture-content snow due to cold, dry air. On average, 1 inch (25.4 mm) of precipitation falls in February.

Severe weather[edit]

There have been five tornadoes in the Black Creek area, ranging in intensity from F0 to F3. An F3 tornado touched down four miles from the WIS 54/WIS 47 intersection on June 26, 1969 and traveled northeast past Seymour, causing one injury. On December 1, 1970 an F3 tornado touched down in Hortonville, traveled northeast and stopped 2.5 miles from the center of Black Creek. On May 30, 1980, a category 1 tornado touched down 1.5 miles from the center of the village and traveled eastward across the village. A category 2 tornado touched down in Stephensville on May 6, 1982, 10 miles from the center of Black Creek, and traveled northeast, stopping just outside the village limits. The most recent tornado, rated F0, touched down briefly just north of Black Creek on June 13, 2005.[27]

Climate data for Black Creek, Wisconsin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 50
(10)
55
(13)
77
(25)
89
(32)
91
(33)
98
(37)
99
(37)
99
(37)
95
(35)
88
(31)
72
(22)
62
(17)
99
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 23
(−5)
27
(−3)
38
(3)
54
(12)
67
(19)
76
(24)
81
(27)
78
(26)
70
(21)
58
(14)
42
(6)
28
(−2)
81
(27)
Daily mean °F (°C) 15
(−9)
19
(−7)
29
(−2)
44
(7)
55
(13)
65
(18)
70
(21)
68
(20)
59
(15)
48
(9)
34
(1)
21
(−6)
43.9
(6.7)
Average low °F (°C) 6
(−14)
10
(−12)
21
(−6)
34
(1)
44
(7)
53
(12)
58
(14)
56
(13)
48
(9)
38
(3)
26
(−3)
13
(−11)
6
(−14)
Record low °F (°C) −31
(−35)
−26
(−32)
−29
(−34)
7
(−14)
21
(−6)
32
(0)
40
(4)
38
(3)
24
(−4)
15
(−9)
−9
(−23)
−27
(−33)
−31
(−35)
Rainfall inches (mm) 1.2
(30)
1
(30)
2.4
(61)
3
(80)
3.4
(86)
3.6
(91)
3.8
(97)
4
(100)
3.6
(91)
2.8
(71)
2.2
(56)
1.8
(46)
32.8
(839)
Snowfall inches (cm) 12.1
(30.7)
10
(25)
9.3
(23.6)
6
(15)
1
(3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(5)
8
(20)
12
(30)
60.4
(152.3)
Avg. precipitation days 10 8 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 9 9 11 120
Avg. snowy days 9 8 7 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 9 39
 % humidity 72.5 72 72 66.5 65.5 68.5 70.5 74 74 72 74.5 75.5 71.46
Percent possible sunshine 44 52 53 58 63 66 66 65 60 61 42 44 56.2
Source #1: My Forecast Historical Almanac [26]
Source #2: City Data [28]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 516
1920 516 0.0%
1930 526 1.9%
1940 542 3.0%
1950 650 19.9%
1960 707 8.8%
1970 921 30.3%
1980 1,097 19.1%
1990 1,152 5.0%
2000 1,192 3.5%
2010 1,316 10.4%
[29][30] Village incorporation in 1904.

As of 2012, the community of Black Creek 331st largest municipality of 770 cities and villages in Wisconsin[31] and the 9,195th largest city in the United States. Black Creek has been growing faster than 73% of similarly sized communities since 2000.[32]

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the village was $42,946, and the median income for a family was $49,896. Males had a median income of $32,128 versus $25,286 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,226. About 5.2% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 1,316 people, 513 households, and 354 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,277.7 inhabitants per square mile (493.3/km2). There were 540 housing units at an average density of 524.3 per square mile (202.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 96.0% White, 1.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 513 households of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.0% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age in the village was 32.2 years. 29.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.5% were from 25 to 44; 22.2% were from 45 to 64; and 9.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.

Government[edit]

The Village of Black Creek is governed by a board of six elected representative trustees and a president. The village also has a board made up of a treasurer/clerk, deputy clerk, librarian, police chief, fire chief, custodian, WWTP operator, building inspector, municipal justice, assessor, and an attorney.[2] The elected board is responsible for establishing the tax rate, approving the budget, setting village policies, and establishing the strategic direction of the village. The president is responsible for making appointments to boards and commissions and for chairing the village board meetings. Committees consist of Finance, Courts and Public Safety, Buildings and Grounds, Insurance and Personnel, Planning Commission, Board of Review, Street, Utility, Ordinance, Board of Health, and a Zoning Board of Appeals Committee.[33] The board meets once a month.

The Black Creek Joint Municipal Court has jurisdiction over the villages of Black Creek, Bear Creek, and Nichols.[34]

Law enforcement is provided by the Black Creek Police Department, which has one full-time police chief and six part-time officers.[35] Fire protection and rescue is provided by volunteers of the Black Creek Fire and Rescue Department, which has 46 firefighters, 9 EMTs, and 10 first responders.[36]

Black Creek is in Wisconsin State Senate District 2, represented by Robert Cowles - R, Wisconsin State Assembly District 5, represented by Jim Steineke - R, and U.S. Congressional District 8, represented by Reid Ribble - R.[37]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, the largest private-sector employers in the village were:[38]

# Employer # of Employees
1 Saputo-Alto Black Creek "A Wisconsin Classic"

(formerly Outagamie County Producers Cooperative)

100-249
2 Ralph's Hardwood Floors Company Incorporated 20-49
3 Sal's Foods 20-49
4 Brick's Club 47 10-19
5 O J Krull/Sons Fur Farm Incorporated 10-19
6 Sam Sommers Concrete 10-19
7 Ron’s Service Incorported 10-19
8 Badgerland Buildings Incorporated 10-19
9 RJM Construction, LLC 10-19
10 Black Creek Convenience Incorporated 10-19

Revitalization project[edit]

In the summer of 2011, the "Open for Business" Campaign was begun by the village and area businesses in an effort to attract new businesses. Their goal is to revitalize the community and the downtown area. The campaign is encouraging structural face-lifts and the growth of new specialty shops to help attract tourists traveling through to the Northwoods.[39][40]

Towards the end of 2013, the Black Creek Business Association partnered with a UW-Madison student to conduct a community needs assessment.[41] A survey of residents showed that what most wanted was a sense of community, with an atmosphere of a small town and an emphasis on "ma and pa" shops. Residents expressed an interest in an increase in food choices, the addition of flower planters and trees, making village streets more biker friendly, more parking areas, and slowing traffic on Main Street. It was suggested that the community utilize an empty lot adjacent to the state trail for a new community center that would host indoor and outdoor events. Along with a UW-Extension consultant, the board devised an eight-step plan for recruiting new businesses.[42]

Education[edit]

Black Creek Elementary / Middle School

The village has one public school, Black Creek Elementary & Middle School, which serves grades 4K through 8th. Part of the Seymour Community School District, the school was built in 1954 and has undergone four major expansions: 1957, 1969, 1987, and 2008. The school mascot is the Black Creek Bobcats.

The Black Creek Village Public Library is a member of the Outagamie Waupaca Library System (OWLS).

Black Creek's first school was built in 1874 and condemned in 1900. A two-story school built in 1900 was used from 1900 to 1937. Because of lack of space, the school rented the village hall from 1937 to 1954. Black Creek's present school was constructed in 1954. In 1958 the one-room schoolhouses in the surrounding vicinity closed and their students transferred to the village school, doubling the enrollment. Kindergarten, art, music, and physical education were also added that year. The village school was consolidated into the Seymour Community School District in 1963.[9]

Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran's Grow With Us Child Center, a Christian child care center, serves infants through four year olds and offers before- and after-school care for youth over four years old.[43]

Media[edit]

Black Creek is served by the Advertiser Community News~Times Press, based in Seymour, the Appleton Post~Crescent, the Green Bay Press Gazette and The Green Bay Chronicle.

Infrastructure[edit]

Highways[edit]

Black Creek has an average of 10,100 cars passing through daily, and 3.7 million cars per year. Approximately 8,200 cars pass through Black Creek's downtown area on average, and about 6,100 cars drive through the Wisconsin Highway 47 / Wisconsin Highway 54 intersection throughout the day. Burdick Street has about 100 cars traveling on it daily.[44]

CN Railway Overpass on Wisconsin Highway 54.
WIS 47.svg
Wisconsin Highway 47, also marked as Main Street, northbound, intersects Wisconsin Highway 29 in Shawano. Southbound, Highway 47 connects to Interstate 41 in Appleton.
WIS 54.svg
Wisconsin Highway 54, also marked State Street, Westward routes to Shiocton and Waupaca. Eastward Highway 54 routes to Seymour and intersects Interstate 41 and Interstate 43 in Green Bay.
WIS County B.svg
County Trunk Highway B terminates in the west on the village's southern edge at Wisconsin Highway 47. It's eastern terminus is County Trunk Highway PP.
The Canadian National, going northbound routes to and terminates in Shawano. Going southbound it routes to Appleton.

Airports near Black Creek[edit]

Major airports near Black Creek include Austin Straubel International Airport (public) in the village of Ashwaubenon and Outagamie County Regional Airport (public), in the town of Greenville. Private airports in the vicinity include Shiocton Airport in Shiocton and Five Corners Airways in Five Corners.

Utilities[edit]

Water services are provided by the village's waste water treatment plant. Electricity and natural gas lines for the community are run by WE Energies. Biweekly recycling pickup is performed by Outagamie County Solid Waste Department and the village provides weekly garbage collection.

Health care[edit]

ThedaCare Physicians serves Black Creek as the local clinic. Other health resources in the village include Black Creek Chiropractic, Black Creek Dental, and Community Eyecare Incorporated. Nearby hospitals are Appleton Medical Center, part of the ThedaCare System; St. Elizabeth Hospital, part of the Affinity Medical Group; and New London Family Medical Center.

Arts and culture[edit]

Major events[edit]

  • Annual 5K Fun Run for the Timbers
  • Annual Black Creek Classic Car Show
  • Annual Black Creek Community Christmas Festival (Held at Black Creek Fire & Rescue Department)
  • Annual Black Creek Firemen's Picnic
  • Annual Black Creek North/South Grudge Match (Held at South Park)
  • Annual Family Daze Parade and Festival - formerly known as "Homecoming" (Festivities held at South Park after parade)[45]
  • Annual Newton Blackmour 5K and 10K run
  • Annual Village-Wide Rummage Sale

Citizen of the Year Award has been held by the Black Creek Advancement Association since 1990. The award recognizes individuals actively involved in the community who are nominated by other residents.[46][47]

Points of interest[edit]

  • Black Creek Sportsman's Club
  • Black Creek Swimming Hole
  • Black Creek Downtown Shoppes
  • The Meadows

Veteran's memorial[edit]

In May 2013, Black Creek Advancement Association and Duhm-Masch American Legion Post 332 announced they would create a veteran's memorial in Black Creek.[48]

Recreation[edit]

The village of Black Creek has four parks and one trail. There are also two environmental nature preserves in the vicinity. Parks are officially open from April 1 to October 15 (weather permitting).

Newton Blackmour State Trail Head
  • Fallen Timbers Environmental Center is a 456-acre (1,845,366 m²) environmental nature lab with woodlands, meadows, ponds, and prairies. There is also 8.2 miles (13.197 km) of hiking and cross country skiing trails
  • Lake Park is 11 acres (40,468 m²) and includes a swimming hole, playground, pavilions, restrooms, Frisbee golf, and a horseshoe toss.
  • Legion Memorial Park is half an acre (2,023.43 m²) adjacent to the Newton Blackmour State Trail and features a founder's dedication stone.
  • Mack State Wildlife Area is a 1,350-acre (5,463,256.17 m²) wildlife preserve with woodlands, marsh, meadows, and swampland.
  • Newton Blackmour State Trail, 23 miles (37 km) long, is open to hikers, bikers, and horseback riders during the summer and snowmobiling, snowshoeing, and cross country skiing during the winter. It is part of the Rails-to-Trails Conservancy.[18]
  • North Park is 6 acres (20,234 m²) and includes a baseball diamond, a batting cage, and restrooms.
  • South Park is 9 acres (28,327 m²) and includes a baseball diamond, batting cage, playground, pavilion, restrooms, basketball courts, firefighter's water fight barrel, volleyball pit, and (during winter) an ice skating rink.

Sports[edit]

Black Creek Youth Sports Organization (BCYS) is the area's only sports league. The organization plays tee ball (ages 5–6); machine pitch (ages 7–8); Little League (ages 9–12); and softball (ages 9–12). Teams are sponsored by local businesses. Softball and Little League teams play against other area communities, while tee ball and machine pitch teams play against other Black Creek teams. Each year Black Creek Youth Sports has three tournaments, either tee ball or machine pitch tournaments, and also sponsors the annual North/South Grudge Match softball tournament.[49]

Snowmobiling is a major winter activity in the Black Creek area. The village is within county snowmobile trail zones one, two, and seven.[50]

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

George Peters residence

The George Peters House, located at 305 North Maple Street in Black Creek, 44°28′37″N 88°26′59″W / 44.47694°N 88.44972°W / 44.47694; -88.44972 (Peters, George, House), is on the National Register of Historic Places and the Wisconsin State Register of Historic Places. It is in an area of Black Creek where buildings range from 100 to 180 years old. Historic Hotel Arlington is located just down the street from this residence, located across the street is the Black Creek Founders Memorial next to the Newton Blackmour State Trail. Also located in this area is the historic Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church (named Evangelische Lutheran Immanuel's Kirche) and the downtown business district.

Religion[edit]

The village of Black Creek currently supports five active houses of worship including Community Bible Church (1999), a member of Baylakes Baptist Association and Minnesota/Wisconsin Baptist Conference;[51] Crossover Ministries United Interdenominational Church (2012); Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church (1901), a member of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod;[52] Saint John's United Church of Christ (1877); and Saint Mary's Roman Catholic Church (1873). Black Creek United Methodist Church (1878) and Mountain Valley Christian Fellowship Church (2012) of Full Gospel Churches International were former houses of worship in the community.

Notable residents and natives[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Muench, David (December 1993). "Wisconsin Community Slogans: Their Use and Local Impacts". University of Wisconsin Extension. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Village of Black Creek, "Village Board"
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  6. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ Fox Valley Memory, History of Outagamie County retrieved March 19, 2014
  9. ^ a b c Veryle Sievert, Probably More Than you Wanted to Know About the History of Black Creek.
  10. ^ Advertiser Community News, Countdown to the Black Creek Sesquicentennial retrieved March 19, 2014
  11. ^ Dairyland Baseball, History, retrieved April 30, 2013.
  12. ^ a b c A. E. Burdick, Black Creek: History From the Early Days.
  13. ^ USDA, Alto members approve sale to Saputo Cheese USA retrieved March 19, 2014
  14. ^ Saputo Inc., Black Creek Cheese retrieved March 19, 2014
  15. ^ Milwaukee Sentinel, State a leader in Kraut Production retrieved March 19, 2014
  16. ^ Wisconsin Library, The Frank Pure Food Company retrieved March 19, 2014
  17. ^ Lynn E. Koenigs, My Corner of the County
  18. ^ a b Outagamie County Parks, "The Newton Blackmour State Trail".
  19. ^ Advertiser Community News, "Flooding Hits Black Creek", 26 July 2010, retrieved 28 July 2011.
  20. ^ Fox11 WLUK, Black Creek Flooding has Residents Cleaning Up, retrieved February 17, 2013.
  21. ^ Advertiser Community News, "Another Storm Another Flood", 30 August 2010, retrieved 28 July 2011.
  22. ^ American Red Cross, Flooding in Black Creek Closes Highway 54, retrieved February 17, 2013.
  23. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  24. ^ Wisconsin's WORKnet, Workforce Development Area Brief retrieved Sept 9, 2013
  25. ^ M. Kottek, J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, & F.Rubel, "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", Meteorologische Zeitschrift, Vol. 15, No. 3, 259-263 (June 2006).
  26. ^ a b c "Almanac Historical Information for Black Creek, Wisconsin". Custom Weather Incorporated. Retrieved March 16, 2014. 
  27. ^ GeoTech Map, "Wisconsin Tornado Layers Google Earth", Download Tornado Layers KMZ for Google Earth.
  28. ^ "Black Creek, WI City Data". City-data.com. Retrieved March 16, 2014. 
  29. ^ United States Census Bureau, Census of Population and Housing, retrieved December 27, 2013
  30. ^ Village of Black Creek, Economic Profile, retrieved December 27, 2013
  31. ^ Black Creek Demographics retrieved, Wisconsin-Demographics, October 25, 2013.
  32. ^ Biggest US Cities, Black Creek, Wisconsin retrieved October 25, 2013
  33. ^ Village of Black Creek, "Committees"
  34. ^ Village of Black Creek, Municipal Court
  35. ^ Village of Black Creek, Police
  36. ^ GOCEDC, "Village of Black Creek, Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  37. ^ Wisconsin State Legislature, "District Maps", retrieved Sept 9, 2013
  38. ^ "Economic Profile Village of Black Creek Wisconsin" (PDF). 
  39. ^ Black Creek is Open for Business, Advertiser Community News,. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  40. ^ "Village of Black Creek", Black Creek Business Association. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
  41. ^ Advertiser Community News, Black Creek Business Association looks for input retrieved March 16, 2014
  42. ^ Black Creek Business Association meets to discuss Main Street Project, Advertiser Community News, retrieved February 24, 2014.
  43. ^ Immanuel Ev. Lutheran Church, "Grow With Us Child Center", Retrieved June 27, 2012.
  44. ^ Wisconsin Department of Transportation, "Outagamie County Insets (Black Creek, Hortonville, Seymour, and Shiocton)", Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  45. ^ Advertiser Community News, "Black Creek holds Fun DAZE", 7 June 2010, retrieved 28 July 2011.
  46. ^ Facebook - Black Creek Advancement Association, Black Creek Citizen of the Year Past Honorees retrieved December 30, 2013
  47. ^ Advertiser Community News, News from Black Creek and Nichols in 2013 retrieved December 30, 2013
  48. ^ Advertiser Community News, Veterans Memorial planned for Black Creek retrieved March 9, 2014
  49. ^ Black Creek Youth Sports, Retrieved 19 August 2011.
  50. ^ Outagamie County Snowmobile Trails. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  51. ^ Community Bible Church of Black Creek, About Us retrieved October 27, 2013
  52. ^ Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church retrieved October 27, 2013

Further reading[edit]

  • Burdick, A. E. Black Creek: History From the Early Days. 19--.
  • Omni Associates. Black Creek 2025: A Multi-jurisdictional Smart Growth Comprehensive Plan for the Town and Village of Black Creek, Outagamie County, WI. Appleton, WI: Omni, 2005.
  • Koenigs, Lynn E. (comp.). Life in Rural Black Creek through the Eyes of Mabel (Kluge) Zuleger: Thoughts and Pictures. 2007.

External links[edit]