Black Elster

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Black Elster
Schwarze Elster
Jessen-Schweinitz an der Schwarzen Elster - geo.hlipp.de - 9904.jpg
The Black Elster in Schweinitz.
Origin Upper Lusatia
Mouth Elbe
51°48′59″N 12°49′57″E / 51.81639°N 12.83250°E / 51.81639; 12.83250Coordinates: 51°48′59″N 12°49′57″E / 51.81639°N 12.83250°E / 51.81639; 12.83250
Basin countries Germany
Length 179 km
Source elevation 317 m
Basin area 5,541 km²

The Black Elster[1][2][3] or Schwarze Elster is a 179 km long river in eastern Germany, in the states Saxony, Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt, right tributary of the Elbe. Its source is in the Upper Lusatia region, near Elstra.

The Black Elster flows through the cities Kamenz, Hoyerswerda, Senftenberg, Lauchhammer, Elsterwerda, Bad Liebenwerda, Herzberg and Jessen. It flows into the river Elbe at Elster (Elbe), upstream from Wittenberg.

Geography[edit]

The river rises in the Lusatian Highlands (Upper Lusatia) about 1.5 kilometres south of the village Kindisch in the borough of Elstra on the eastern flank of the 396 metre high Kuppe, a subpeak of the Hochstein. From here the Black Elster flows initially in a northerly direction through Elstra, Kamenz, Milstrich and Wittichenau, from Hoyerswerda it flows in a westwards to Elsterheide. Further downstream, after 63 kilometres, it crosses the Saxon-Brandenburg border and flows though Senftenberg, Ruhland and Lauchhammer to Elsterwerda. From here it heads in a northwesterly direction through Bad Liebenwerda, Herzberg and Jessen before emptying into the Elbe in the municipality of Elster (Elbe) (river kilometre 198.5).

The most important tributaries of the Black Elster are the Hoyerswerdaer Schwarzwasser, the Pulsnitz, the Große Röder, the Kleine Elster and the Schweinitzer Fließ.

Tributaries[edit]

Left tributaries Right tributaries
  • Kesselwasser, before Elstra at 197 m
  • Langes Wasser, in Kamenz at 177 m
  • Schwosdorfer Wasser, near Schiedel at 144 m
  • Rocknitzgraben, near Skaska at 138 m
  • Kossacksgraben, near Neuwiese at 114 m
  • Schleichgraben, near Großkoschen at 103 m
  • Ruhlander Schwarzwasser, near Ruhland at 95 m
  • Sieggraben, after Ruhland at 94 m
  • Pulsnitz, near Elsterwerda at 88,5 m
  • Große Röder, near Haida at 87 m
  • Alte Röder, near Prieschka at 86,7 m
  • Kleine Röder, near Bad Liebenwerda at 86,3 m
  • Neugraben, near Grabo at 71 m

History[edit]

Field Marshal Blücher crossed the Elbe River near its confluence with the Black Elster on 3 Oct 1813 on his march to Leipzig.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Saxony at 1911 Britannica Encyclopedia. Accessed on 6 Nov 2010.
  2. ^ Elbe River Basin by the International Commission for the Protection of the Elbe River. Accessed on 16 Jan 2011.
  3. ^ Elbe at waterwiki.net. Accessed on 16 Jan 2011.
  4. ^ Wright, George Newenham (1836). A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, Volume 3, p. 78.