Black Givenchy dress of Audrey Hepburn
|Type||Sheath little black dress|
The black Givenchy dress of Audrey Hepburn is a little black dress designed by Hubert de Givenchy and worn by Audrey Hepburn in the opening of the 1961 romantic comedy film Breakfast at Tiffany's. The dress is cited as one of the most iconic items of clothing in the history of the twentieth century and perhaps the most famous "little black dress" of all time.
Audrey Hepburn was a close friend of French designer Givenchy, referring to the designer as her "best friend" while he considered her as like a "sister".
In 1961, Givenchy designed a little black dress for the opening scene of Blake Edwards' romantic comedy, Breakfast at Tiffany's, where Hepburn plays a leading role alongside actor George Peppard. Audrey took two copies of the dress back to Paramount, but the dresses, which revealed a considerable amount of Audrey's leg, were not suitable for the movie and the lower half of the dress was redesigned by Edith Head. The original hand-stitched dress is currently in Givenchy's private archive, whilst one copy Audrey took back to Paramount is on display at The Museum of Film in Madrid and the other was auctioned at Christie's in December 2006. None of the actual dresses created by Givenchy were used in either the movie or the promotional photography. The movie poster was designed by artist Robert McGinnis and in Sam Wasson's book, Fifth Avenue, 5am, he explains that the photos he based the poster on did not show any leg and he added the leg to make the poster more appealing. The actual dresses used in the movie, created by Edith Head, were destroyed by Head and Hepburn at Western Costume in California after shooting.
In November 2006, Natalie Portman appeared on the cover of Harper's Bazaar, wearing one of the original Givenchy dresses created for Breakfast at Tiffany's. On 5 December 2006, this dress was auctioned at Christie's in London and purchased by an anonymous buyer by telephone. The sale price was estimated by the auction house to have ended somewhere between £50,000 and £70,000, but the final price was £467,200 ($923,187). The money raised in the auction of the black dress ended in helping the poor people of Calcutta to build a school. It so happened that Givenchy, the designer of the dress, had donated the dress to Dominique Lapierre, the author of the book City of Joy, and his wife for raising funds for the charity. When they witnessed such a frenzied auction, the funds raised so astonished Lapierre that he made a very appropriate observation: "I'm absolutely dumbfounded to believe that a piece of cloth which belonged to such a magical actress will now enable me to buy bricks and cement to put the most destitute children in the world into schools." Sarah Hodgson, a film specialist of Christie's said, "This is one of the most famous black dresses in the world—an iconic piece of cinematic history—and we are glad it fetched a historic price."
The model is a Givenchy black Italian satin sheath evening gown. Christie's describes it as "a sleeveless, floor-length gown with fitted bodice embellished at the back with distinctive cut-out décolleté, the skirt slightly gathered at the waist and slit to the thigh on one side, labelled inside on the waistband Givenchy; accompanied by a pair of black elbow-length gloves". The bodice is slightly open at the back with a neckline that leaves uncovered shoulders. In the film, Audrey Hepburn wears a matching pair of elbow-length gloves the same color and strings of pearls. The look has been described as "ultra-feminine" and "Parisian".
The little black dress attained such iconic fame and status that it became an integral part of a woman's wardrobe. Givenchy not only chose the dress for the character in the film, but also added the right accessories to match the long gown in the form of a pearl choker of many strands, a foot long cigarette holder, a large black hat and opera gloves which not only “visually defined the character but indelibly linked Audrey with her”.
Given her physical assets, she, along with her designer friend Givenchy created a dress to fit her role in the film of a waif. A well chosen black silk dress with appropriate accessories hit the bulls eye to bring out her effervescent personality to the fore; the dark oversized sunglasses completed the ensemble of the little black dress (LBD) which was called “the definitive LBD”. The dress, which outlined her lean shoulder blades, thus became the Hepburn style.
The dress is cited as one of the most iconic of the 20th century and film history. It has been described as "perhaps the most famous little black dress of all time" and exerting a major influence on fashion itself by directly making it popular.
In a survey conducted in 2010 by LOVEFiLM, Hepburn's little black dress was chosen as the best dress ever worn by a woman in a film. In this respect, Helen Cowley, publisher of LOVEFiLM, declared: "Audrey Hepburn has truly made that little black dress a fashion staple which has stood the test of time despite competition from some of the most stylish females around." Hepburn's white dress and hat worn in My Fair Lady was voted sixth.
- Tony Nourmand and Audrey Hepburn - The Paramount Years London, Westbourne Press Ltd, 2006, pp. 94–127.
- Sean Hepburn Ferrer, Audrey Hepburn An Elegant Spirit - A Son Remembers, Sidgwick and Jackson, 2003, pp. 155–160.
- "The Most Famous Dresses Ever". Glamour.com. April 2007. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Audrey Hepburn dress". Hello Magazine. 6 December 2006. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Audrey Hepburn's little black dress tops fashion list". The Independent. 17 May 2010. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- Steele, Valerie (9 November 2010). The Berg Companion to Fashion. Berg Publishers. p. 483. ISBN 978-1-84788-592-0. Retrieved 16 May 2011. ":...perhaps the most famous of all little black dresses was Adrey Hepburn’s Givennchy in Breakfast at Tiffany’s."
- "The Muse and the Master". Time. 17 April 1995. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Where is the real Breakfast at Tiffany's dress?". Richard Newbold.
- "Audrey Hepburn Breakfast At Tiffany's, 1961". Christie's. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- Moseley, Rachel (2002). Growing up with Audrey Hepburn: text, audience, resonance. Manchester University Press. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-7190-6311-4. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- Ellen Erwin; Sean Hepburn Ferrer; Jessica Z. Diamond (3 October 2006). The Audrey Hepburn Treasures. Simon and Schuster. pp. 307–. ISBN 978-0-7432-8986-3. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Cinemode: Breakfast at Tiffany’s: The LBD that Dethroned Edith Head". Onthis day fashion.com. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- Sherrow, Victoria (2006). Encyclopedia of hair: a cultural history. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-313-33145-9. Retrieved 16 May 2011.