Black Hills State University
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2009)|
|Black Hills State University|
|Type||Public, four year|
|Location||Spearfish, South Dakota, United States
|Former names||Dakota Territory Spearfish Normal School, Black Hills Teachers College, Black Hills State College|
|Colors||Green and Gold|
|Sports||Football, Basketball, Track and Field, Cross Country, Volleyball, Golf, Softball|
|Mascot||Sting the Yellow Jacket|
|Affiliations||RMAC (NCAA DII)|
Black Hills State University (BHSU) is the U.S. state of South Dakota's third largest comprehensive public university, offering both undergraduate and graduate programs. The 123-acre (50 ha) campus is located in Spearfish. Close to 5,000 students attend classes at this campus, as well as sites in Rapid City, Pierre, Yankton, Sioux Falls, and through distance offerings. Enrollment comes from nearly every county in South Dakota, 44 states, and 13 countries. BHSU is governed by the South Dakota Board of Regents.
The predecessor to Black Hills State University operated from 1881 to 1883 and was called Dakota College or Dakota Academy. Dakota College was funded by the Congregational Church and was not affiliated with BHSU. In 1883, in support for a new normal school, John Mauer put up a plot of land west of Spearfish Creek for sale for $800. Joseph Ramsdell collected money from donors and bought the land for $790.85. John Wolzmuth, Frank J. Washabaugh, and E.M. Bowman also gathered funds for the school. Established by the Dakota Territorial Legislature, the new school was called Dakota Territory Spearfish Normal School, and a temporary building was constructed in late 1883. Van Buren Baker became the first administrator and teacher at the school on April 14, 1884; he left Spearfish in December after leaving the school nearly bankrupt. The school reopened in September 1885 under the leadership of Fayette Cook; 70 students were enrolled at that time. The coursework initially consisted of high school classes and one year beyond high school. The Normal School Main Building was constructed in 1887 and stood until 1925. A laboratory school was opened in 1895 and lasted until 1963.
By 1924, the school was authorized to adopt a four-year curriculum leading to a Bachelor of Science in Education degree. As a result of the 1939 outbreak of World War II in Europe, BHSU created a 12-week civil aeronautics course, which had 44 graduates in its first year, in 1940. Most of the graduates went directly to the military. When the US entered the war in 1941, the course was cut down to eight weeks. Known informally as a teacher’s college during the 1920s and 1930s, the name was officially changed to Black Hills Teachers College in 1941. During Russel E. Jonas's presidency from 1942 to 1967, several new additions to the campus were made, including new dorms, an additional library, and a three-story classroom building. On July 1, 1964, in recognition of the broadening educational opportunities offered by the college, the legislature officially changed the name to Black Hills State College. BHSU had its first enrollment of 2,000 students for the 1968-1969 academic year; this was partially due to draft evasion by men during the Vietnam War. Students protested against the war on-campus in October 1969. The local Veterans Club chartered an airplane to drop leaflets that read "America, love it or leave it" on the protesting students. In 1970, Richard Gibb of the South Dakota higher education commission proposed that BHSU be changed from a four-year college and into a junior college under a larger university system to be established in Rapid City; he also proposed that the secondary teachers' Masters program be scrapped. The legislative branch of Spearfish, along with contemporary BHSU president Meredith Freeman, argued that population growth made it necessary for BHSU to remain an independent four-year university, and that financial complications might arise as a result of the change. The Board of Regents ruled that while BHSU would remain a four-year college, the Masters program would be scrapped. As a result, summer enrollment, especially by education majors, dropped significantly.
An additional library that included an art gallery and museum exhibits was opened in 1973. George H. W. Bush visited BHSU during his campaign for President of the United States and drew controversy when, asked if he believed that the Black Hills should be returned to the Lakota people, he replied that he did not. The state legislature changed the college's name to Black Hills State University, effective July 1, 1989. Additions to the campus during the 1990s included housing for married students, the Donald E. Young Sports and Fitness Center, an expansion on the student union. In 1991, 15 students participated in Operation Desert Storm, and none were injured. Dr. Kay Schallenkamp became the university's ninth president in July 2006, following a national search by the South Dakota Board of Regents.
Black Hills State University is organized into three colleges: College of Liberal Arts, College of Business and Natural Sciences, and College of Education and Behavioral Sciences. The University offers a number of degrees to students including over 80 majors and minors, 5 master degree programs, 4 associate degree programs, and 20 pre-professional programs.
The bachelor degree programs include: American Indian Studies, Applied Technical Science, Art, Biology, Business Administration, Business Education, Chemistry, Communication Arts, Corporate Communication, Early Childhood Special Education, Elementary Education, English, Environmental Physical Science, Exercise Science, History, Human Services, Industrial Technology, Industrial Technology Education, Instrumental Music, K-12 Special Education, Mass Communications, Mathematics, Mathematics and Science Education, Music, Outdoor Education, Physical Education, Physical Science, Political Science, Professional Accountancy, Psychology, Science Education, Social Science, Sociology, Spanish, Speech Communication, Theatre, and Vocal Music. The University also offers students numerous education degrees in many fields.
The Master degree programs include graduate classes leading to a master of science degree in Curriculum and Instruction (P-12), and a Master of Education in Reading offered from the College of Education. An online master of science degree in Strategic Leadership is available through the Office of Educational Outreach. The College of Arts and Sciences, offers a master’s degree in Integrative Genomics. The College of Business offers an MBA (Master's in Business Administration).
College of Arts and Sciences
The College of Arts and Sciences is divided into six departments: Fine and Applied Arts, History and Social Sciences, Humanities, Psychology, Mathematics, and Science. From the College it is possible to earn the Bachelor of Science in Education degree in Art, Biology, Chemistry, English, English Composite, History, Mathematics, Mathematics and Science Education, Instrumental Music Composite and Vocal Music Composite, Physical Science, Science Education Composite, Social Science Composite, Spanish, Speech Communication, Speech Communication Composite and Speech with a Theater Emphasis. Students may earn a Bachelor of Science degree in all of the major areas or a Bachelor of Arts degree in American Indian Studies, Art, Communication Arts, English, English Composite, History, Composite Music, Mass Communication, Sociology, Spanish, Speech and Speech Composite, Social Sciences, and Social Sciences Composite.
The mission of the College of Arts and Sciences is to provide all students of BHSU with the opportunity to acquire a broad liberal arts education in the areas of Fine and Applied Arts, Humanities, Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Social Sciences. The college also offers services for students such as the Writing Center and the Math Center. These experiences develop valuable skills in critical thinking, analysis, synthesis, the use of scientific method and oral and written communications as well as a greater understanding and appreciation for different cultures and international issues. Along with classroom instruction, the college fosters research and other creative activities between faculty and students.
The College supports alliances that form bridges to the outside community such as through its association with the Center for the Advancement of Mathematics and Science Education (CAMSE), the Center for American Indian Studies (CAIS), the Center for Conservation of Biological Resources, Black Hills Herbarium, and the Western South Dakota DNA Core Facility (WestCore). Finally, the College contributes to the progress of the University, serves the needs of relevant disciplines and professions, and enhances the quality of life in our state and region through service activities.
College of Business and Technology
The College of Business and Technology is organized in two departments: the Department of Business and the Department of Industrial Technology. To further support the College and its mission, the South Dakota Center for Enterprise Opportunities (SD CEO) and the Center for Economic Education (CEE) and the Center for Business, Entrepreneurship, and Tourism (CBET), provide outreach and service to the local community, state, and region. The College is currently in the process of establishing the Center for Enterprise Opportunity (CEO). The Department of Military Science is also housed in the College.
Undergraduate programs in business and technology offered by the College of Business and Technology include the following specializations or majors: Accounting, Entrepreneurial Studies, Human Resource Management, Management, Marketing, Tourism and Hospitality Management, Business Education, Industrial Technology Education, and Industrial Technology (with specializations that include advanced manufacturing, construction and technology management). The College of Business and Technology also offers an MBA in Applied Management. In addition to a solid foundation in business and industrial technology, the College of Business and Technology graduates possess a solid liberal arts and sciences foundation that will serve them well throughout their lives.
College of Education
From the College of Education it is possible to earn the Bachelor of Science in Education degree in Early Childhood Special Education, K-8 Elementary Education, K-12 Physical Education, and K-12 Special Education. Students may earn a Bachelor of Science degree in Outdoor Education and Exercise Science to prepare them to enter private, public and governmental agencies and businesses. At the graduate level a Master of Science degree in Curriculum and Instruction is offered with specializations in reading, mathematics, technology, and science.
The College of Education houses two academic units: 1) the Division of Physical Education and Health and 2) the Department of Education. The Division of Physical Education and Health includes physical education, health, outdoor education, exercise science, and coaching disciplines. The Department of Education includes faculty who provide the professional core courses for teachers at all levels of the school organization from preschool to secondary school including librarians.
The University is accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, the International Assembly for Collegiate Business Education, the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education, and the National Association of Schools of Music. The university is also a member of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities and the National Commission on Accrediting.
The Black Hills State University campus is located in Spearfish, South Dakota and consists of 123 acres (50 ha) and 20 main buildings in addition to Ida Henton Park and Lyle Hare Stadium.
Construction is complete for the Student Union expansion that has more than doubled the amount of space available for students. A new $8-million science building was opened February 8, 2011. The 26,000-square-foot (2,400 m2) science building is located west of the current Jonas Science wing. Clare and Josef Meier Hall, a state-of-the-art a music and classroom building, was added in the center of campus in 2003. This 44,919-square-foot (4,173.1 m2) building includes a 280-seat recital hall, choir and band rooms, faculty studios, classrooms, soundproof practice rooms, conference rooms, instrument storage areas, keyboard, listening and piano labs and faculty offices. A recent $1 million donation has invigorated plans for a new theatre on campus. Consideration is also being given to remodeling the existing theatre in Woodburn Hall.
A majority of the university’s instructional programs and offices are housed in Woodburn Hall, Wenona Cook Hall, Jonas Hall, and the Donald E. Young Sports and Fitness Center. The E.Y. Berry Library-Learning Center, the first South Dakota library to implement electronic catalog system, contains learning resources, both print and electronic. The university library is also the site of the mainframe computer that services the statewide library network (SDLN).
Five residence halls and an eight-building apartment complex accommodate nearly 850 students. The David B. Miller Yellow Jacket Student Union serves the social and recreational needs of the students. The Donald E. Young Sports and Fitness Center, which was completed in 1990, provides fitness facilities and an aquatics center, as well as classrooms and faculty offices.
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It was announced that in 2014, Black Hills State University would be awarded almost $118,000 to use on biomedical research equipment.
The athletic teams of BHSU are known as the Yellow Jackets. The University is currently a member of the NCAA and participates in the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference (RMAC). BHSU Rodeo teams are members of the National Intercollegiate Rodeo Association (NIRA).
- Clint Roberts - United States Congressman for South Dakota's 2nd congressional district from 1981 to 1983.
- Raymond W. Carpenter - United States Army Major General who served as acting Director of the Army National Guard.
- Dick Termes - Artist.
- Ryan Maher South Dakota politician
- Zac Alcorn - Former NFL tight end.
- Bruce Williams and Terry Ree, members of the comedy duo, Williams and Ree. The comedy team met while attending BHSC in 1968.
- Brian Shaw, leading American strongman, Two time winner of the World Strongest Man (2011 & 2013) competition.
- Cliff Graham, novelist and screenwriter.
Kay Schallenkamp (BS, Northern State University; MA, University of South Dakota; Ph.D, University of Colorado, 1982; all in communication disorder) was selected as the university's ninth president starting July 2006, following a national search by the South Dakota Board of Regents.
The presidents of BHSU in order by year are:
- Fayette L. Cook (1885–1919)
- Ethelburt Cooke Woodburn (1919–1942)
- Russel E. Jonas (1942–1967)
- Meredith N. Freeman (1967–1976)
- Maurice Fitzgerald (1976–1977)
- J. Gilbert Hause (1977–1985)
- Dr. Clifford Trump (1985–1994)
- Dr. Thomas Flickema (1994–2006)
- Dr. Kay Schallenkamp (2006–present)
- Bailey, Elisabeth. "Black Hills State University". StateUniversity.com. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- Higbee, Paul; Aney, Kathleen (2000). Spearfish: A History. Spearfish, SD: Black Hills and Bighorns History Project. pp. 8–9, 34, 39, 43. ISBN 0-9676762-0-7.
- "BHSU Accreditation". BHSU.edu. Black Hills State University. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- "South Dakota universities get $1 million in research grants". Rapid City Journal (Rapid City, SD). Associated Press. December 31, 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- Black Hills State University
- Black Hills State University Athletics
- E. Y. Berry Library-Learning Center