Black Horse Pike

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Black Horse Pike
Route information
Maintained by NJDOT
Length: 52.04 mi[1][2][3][4] (83.75 km)
Component
highways:
Route 168 from Camden to Washington Township
Route 42 from Washington Township to Monroe Township
US 322 from Monroe Township to Atlantic City
US 40 from Hamilton Township to Atlantic City
Major junctions
West end: US 130 / Route 168 in Camden
  I‑295 in Bellmawr
N.J. Turnpike in Bellmawr
Route 42 in Gloucester Township
Route 42 / A.C. Expressway in Washington Township
US 322 in Monroe Township
Route 54 in Folsom
Route 50 in Hamilton Township
US 40 in Hamilton Township
G.S. Parkway in Egg Harbor Township
US 9 in Pleasantville
East end: US 40 / US 322 (Albany Avenue) in Atlantic City
Highway system

The Black Horse Pike is a designation used for a number of different roadways that had been part of a historic route connecting the Camden area to the area of Atlantic City, New Jersey. Roadways now bearing the Black Horse Pike designation include portions of New Jersey Route 168, New Jersey Route 42, U.S. Route 322 and U.S. Route 40.

Route description[edit]

Route 168[edit]

The Black Horse Pike heads south from U.S. Route 130 in Camden as a four-lane, divided highway comprising New Jersey Route 168, which continues north of US 130 on Mt. Ephraim Avenue. It heads south and interchanges New Jersey Route 76C, which heads west and provides access to Interstate 76 and the Walt Whitman Bridge. It passes through Haddon Township with many jughandles at intersections. It then passes through Mt. Ephraim, where the road was restriped in the late 1990s reducing it from 4 lanes to 2, and enters Bellmawr, where it interchanges with Exit 28 of Interstate 295 and Exit 3 of the New Jersey Turnpike.It then enters Runnemede, where it crosses New Jersey Route 41 and County Route 544. It then heads into Gloucester Township and interchanges with New Jersey Route 42. It continues south, passing through Blackwood, where it intersects County Route 534, and then widens back into a four-lane, divided highway. It then heads toward the southern terminus of the North–South Freeway (Route 42) and the western terminus of the Atlantic City Expressway, where Route 168 ends and the Black Horse Pike becomes Route 42.

Route 42[edit]

A sign at the beginning of Northbound NJ 42 on the Black Horse Pike just north of US 322.

The Black Horse Pike heads south into Washington Township, Gloucester County on New Jersey Route 42 as a four-lane divided highway lined with many businesses. In Cross Keys, it intersects County Route 555. It then enters Monroe Township, where in Williamstown, it meets U.S. Route 322 and County Route 536 Spur. Here, Route 42 ends and US 322 heads east onto the Black Horse Pike.

US 322[edit]

US 322 on the Black Horse Pike.

US 322 heads southeast on the Black Horse Pike from Williamstown, intersecting County Route 536 and County Route 538. It heads into Folsom, Atlantic County, where it meets New Jersey Route 54 at a cloverleaf interchange and then the southern terminus of New Jersey Route 73 . It continues into Hamilton Township, passing through rural areas. It intersects County Route 559 shortly after crossing into Hamilton Township. Near Mays Landing, it features an interchange with New Jersey Route 50. It continues southeast and near the Hamilton Mall and the Atlantic City Race Track, it intersects U.S. Route 40.

US 40/US 322 concurrency[edit]

US 40 joins US 322 and the two routes continue to the southeast along the Black Horse Pike. Shortly after joining, the road intersects County Route 575, which then forms a concurrency on the Black Horse Pike along with US 40 and US 322. It heads into Egg Harbor Township, and Route 575 splits from the Black Horse Pike by heading south on English Creek Avenue. The Black Horse Pike has an intersection with County Route 563, which was formerly a traffic circle built in 1932 until it was replaced by traffic signals and jughandles in 2002.[5] The Black Horse Pike has a brief concurrency with 563 and then meets the Garden State Parkway, with access provided by way of Route 563 and County Route 608. The route continues east into Pleasantville, where it crosses U.S. Route 9. It then passes through the center of Pleasantville on Verona Avenue, with the name changing back to Black Horse Pike. At the border with Atlantic City, the road becomes Albany Avenue, which carries US 40 and US 322 into Atlantic City.

History[edit]

The NJ 54 bridge over the Black Horse Pike (US 322) in Folsom, showing the former NJ 42 designation.

The origins of the Black Horse Pike can be traced to 1795 when Surveyors working for Old Gloucester County, laid out a new and straight road to replace the meandering Irish Road. The new roadway carried various names including the Newton Road, Chews Landing-Philadelphia Road, Mount Ephraim-Blackwoodtown Road, etc. State legislators in 1855 incorporated the Camden and Blackwoodtown Turnpike Company, converting the road into a toll road.

In 1923, the portion from Mays Landing to Atlantic City became part of Route 18S. With the 1927 New Jersey state highway renumbering, the route became New Jersey Route 42 from Camden to Mays Landing and New Jersey Route 48 from Mays Landing to Atlantic City. U.S. Route 322 was later designated along the road from Williamstown to Atlantic City and U.S. Route 40 from Mays Landing to Atlantic City.[6][7] With the 1953 New Jersey state highway renumbering, which eliminated long concurrencies between U.S. and state routes in New Jersey, the NJ 42 and NJ 48 designations were removed from the parts of the road already signed US 322 or US 40/US 322, with NJ 42 cut back to Williamstown and NJ 48 completely removed from the Black Horse Pike.[8] Following the completion of the North–South Freeway, NJ 42 was moved off the Black Horse Pike to the new freeway between Camden and Turnersville, and the New Jersey Route 168 designation was given to the Black Horse Pike between Camden and Turnersville.[9]

Major intersections[edit]

The mileposts correspond to the routes the Black Horse Pike follows.

County Location Mile[1][2][3][4] km Destinations Notes
Camden Camden 9.72 15.64 US 130 / Route 168 north (Mount Ephraim Avenue) – Collingswood, Camden Western terminus of Black Horse Pike, west end of NJ 168 overlap
Haddon Township 9.48 15.26 Route 76C to I‑76 / I‑676 – Walt Whitman Bridge, Philadelphia Interchange, access to and from southbound NJ 168
Mount Ephraim 8.07 12.99
CR 551 Spur (Kings Highway) – Westville, Haddonfield
Bellmawr 7.42 11.94 I‑295 – Trenton, Walt Whitman Bridge, Delaware Memorial Bridge I-295 exit 28
6.60 10.62 N.J. Turnpike – New York, Delaware NJTP exit 3
Runnemede 5.71 9.19 Route 41 (Clements Bridge Road) – Deptford, Barrington
5.39 8.67 CR 544 (Evesham Road) – Deptford, Magnolia
Gloucester Township 3.42–
3.44
5.50–
5.54
Route 42 (North–South Freeway) to A.C. Expressway – Walt Whitman Bridge, Philadelphia, Williamstown, Atlantic City NJ 42 exits 9B-10A
2.43 3.91 CR 534 (Church Street)
Gloucester Washington Township 0.00–
0.25
0.00–
0.40
Route 42 north (North–South Freeway) / A.C. Expressway east – Atlantic City, Shore Points East end of NJ 168 overlap, west end of NJ 42 overlap, NJ 42 exit 7, ACE exit 44
3.51 5.65 CR 555 south (Tuckahoe Road) – Vineland
Monroe Township 0.00 0.00
US 322 west / CR 536 Spur (Sicklerville Road) – Glassboro, Sicklerville
East end of NJ 42 overlap, west end of US 322 overlap
24.67 39.70 CR 536 (Poplar Street / New Brooklyn Road) – Waterford, Glassboro
30.13 48.49 CR 538 west (Coles Mill Road)
Atlantic Folsom 34.66 55.78 Route 54 – Hammonton, Trenton, Buena, Millville Interchange
36.90 59.38
Route 73 / CR 561 Spur north (Mays Landing Road) to A.C. Expressway – Philadelphia
Hamilton Township 41.37 66.58 CR 559 (Weymouth Road) – Mays Landing, Hammonton Modified traffic circle
46.03 74.08 Route 50 – Mays Landing, Egg Harbor City Interchange
50.26 80.89 US 40 west (Harding Highway) – Mays Landing West end of US 40 overlap
50.46 81.21 CR 575 north (Wrangleboro Road) to A.C. Expressway – Pomona West end of CR 575 overlap
Egg Harbor Township 52.38 84.30 CR 575 south (English Creek Avenue) – English Creek East end of CR 575 overlap
55.47 89.27 CR 563 north (Tilton Road) West end of CR 563 overlap
55.87 89.91 CR 563 south (Tilton Road) – Margate City, Ocean City East end of CR 563 overlap
55.95 90.04 G.S. Parkway north GSP exit 36
Pleasantville 57.62 92.73 US 9 – Absecon, Somers Point
57.99 93.33 CR 585 (Main Street)
Atlantic City 60.17 96.83 US 40 / US 322 east (Albany Avenue) Eastern terminus of Black Horse Pike, east end of US 40/US 322 overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Route 168 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 19, 2007. 
  2. ^ a b "Route 42 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 27, 2007. 
  3. ^ a b "US 322 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved June 13, 2007. 
  4. ^ a b "US 40 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 14, 2009. 
  5. ^ Dwyer, Christopher. "Buchart-Horn Designs Replacement For Bygone Transportation System". Buchart Horn, Inc. & BASCO Associates. Archived from the original on August 13, 2007. Retrieved July 28, 2008. 
  6. ^ State of New Jersey, Laws of 1927, Chapter 319.
  7. ^ Williams, Jimmy and Sharon. "1927 New Jersey Road Map". 1920s New Jersey Highways. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  8. ^ "1953 renumbering". New Jersey Department of Highways. Retrieved July 31, 2009. 
  9. ^ Chevron Oil Company (1969). Map of New Jersey (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha.

See also[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing