Black Horse Tavern (Canonsburg, Pennsylvania)

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Black Horse Tavern
Black Horse Tavern Canonsburg.jpg
Photograph of The Black Horse Tavern
General information
Address Canonsburg, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 40°15′04″N 80°11′32″W / 40.2510°N 80.1923°W / 40.2510; -80.1923Coordinates: 40°15′04″N 80°11′32″W / 40.2510°N 80.1923°W / 40.2510; -80.1923
Opening 1794
Demolished ca. 1910
Owner Henry Westbay (founder)

Black Horse Tavern was a historic tavern in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.

Black Horse Tavern was founded in 1794 by Henry Westbay, a native of Ireland.[1] That year, during the early stages of the Whiskey Rebellion, the rebels met at the Black Horse Tavern to plan attacks on federal forces.[2] Leaders of the rebellion intercepted federal mail between Philadelphia and federal troops at the tavern.[3]

Some sources identify the Black Horse Tavern as the birthplace of the Whiskey Rebellion.[4] Other sources are less certain on the role of the tavern in the rebellion, ascribing the tavern's prominent role in the Whiskey Rebellion to "local tradition."[5] By 1795, Westbay opened a "nailing business" at the location.[1] In 1814, he sold the tavern and moved to nearby Washington.[1]

The tavern was located northwest of Daily House, on the road between Budd's Ferry on the Youghiogheny River to McFarlen's Ferry on Monongahela River.[5]

The remains of the tavern were removed to make room for the new Canonsburg High School.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Crumrine, Boyd (1882). "Canonsburg Borough". History of Washington County, Pennsylvania with Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men. L. H. Leverts & Co. p. 601. 
  2. ^ Grefenstette, Jerry (2009). Canonsburg. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 7, 11. 
  3. ^ Canonsburg centennial, eighteen hundred two, nineteen hundred two. Pittsburgh Printing Company. 1903. p. 14. 
  4. ^ Philip W. Goetz, ed. (1983). "Canonsburg". The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica. p. 517. "In 1794, the Whiskey Rebellion (an uprising of farmers against excise tax on distilled liquor) began there [Canonsburg] at the Black Hose Tavern." 
  5. ^ a b Jerry Allan Clouse; Louis M. Waddell; Bruce D. Bomberger (1994). The Whiskey Rebellion: Southwestern Pennsylvania's frontier people test the American Constitution. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. p. 63. 
  6. ^ Herron, Jr., James T. (May 2000). "Canonsburg School Board Minutes, Nov. 3, 1910 and Jan. 3, 1911". Jefferson College Times. Jefferson College Historical Society. "In 1910 the Canonsburg school board accepted his [Dave McCartney] bid to tear down what was left of the old Black Horse Tavern. The school district was planning to build a high school on the site. He signed the proposal with his mark."