Black No More
|Author||George S. Schuyler|
|Publisher||New York, Macaulay Co.|
Black No More: Being an Account of the Strange and Wonderful Workings of Science in the Land of the Free, AD 1933-1940 is a 1931 Harlem Renaissance era satire on American race relations by George S. Schuyler (pronounced Sky-ler). He targets both the KKK and NAACP in condemning the ways in which race functions as both an obsession and a commodity in early twentieth-century America. The central premise of the novel is that an African American scientist invents a process that can transform blacks into whites. Those who have internalized white racism, those who are tired of inferior opportunities socially and economically, and those who simply want to expand their sexual horizons, line up to be transformed. As the country "whitens", the economic importance of racial segregation in the South as a means of maintaining elite white economic and social status becomes increasingly apparent.
The novel is known not only for its satiric bite and inventive plot machinations, but also for the caricatures of prominent figures of the American 1920s including W. E. B. Du Bois, Marcus Garvey, James Weldon Johnson, C. J. Walker and others. It is included in the 2012 collection: "Harlem Renaissance Novels".
Black No More and Afrofuturism
Black No More’s aspects of science fiction regarding the sanitarium, and the issues it tackles regarding race relations and depictions of issues people of color face puts the novel under the umbrella of Afrofuturism. Black No More is one of the first novels written under this umbrella before the term was coined by Mark Dery 60 years later. The novel’s use of technology literally through the sanitarium, and more abstractly through its satirical languages to create an alternate social reality are very Afrofuturistic. The novel loosely revolves around the character Max Disher, who is the first person to use Dr. Crookman’s ‘sanitarium’ that turns black people into white people. Dr. Crookman’s name is a play off his crooked nature. He turns almost the whole black population white, even though he is a ‘race man,’ predicting that one day the rareness of the color of his skin will make him somewhat of an anomaly. Furthermore, the book uses other lingual technologies to re-imagine a ‘raceless’ world in which racial connotations are deconstructed by the Black-No-More sanitarium, showing the futility of many socially constructed racial divides.
- 1931 1st ed
- 1969 reprint OCLC 000014802
- 1971 reprint
- 1989 reprint ISBN 1-55553-063-X 
- 1999 reprint ISBN 0-375-75380-X
- Mark Dery. Black To The Future. 1995
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