Black River (Arizona)
|County||Apache, Graham, Navajo, Gila, Greenlee|
|- location||Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, Greenlee County|
|- elevation||7,482 ft (2,281 m) |
|- location||Confluence with White River, Gila County|
|- elevation||4,222 ft (1,287 m) |
|Length||114 mi (183 km) |
The Black River is a 114-mile-long (183 km) river in the White Mountains of the U.S. state of Arizona. It forms southwest of Alpine and flows southwest then northwest to meet the White River west of Fort Apache. The merged streams form the Salt River, a major tributary of the Gila River.
From source to mouth, the river flows through Apache Greenlee, Graham, Navajo, and Gila counties. It forms a boundary between Apache and Greenlee counties, then between Apache and Graham counties, and further downstream, between Graham Navajo counties.
The Black River was named by James Ohio Pattie in 1826 as he explored the area.
Some of the places along the lower river are difficult to reach. Many of the roads in the area are unpaved and unmarked on major maps. The "Black River AZ Map" and "Lower Black River guide book" show more details.
Bear encounters are possible along this river.
Game fish 
Rainbow trout, brown trout, and smallmouth bass inhabit the Black River. The East Fork Black River and West Fork Black River, which merge to form the mainstem, support populations of brown trout and Apache trout.
Most of the Black River acts as a boundary between the Fort Apache Indian Reservation on the north and the San Carlos Indian Reservation on the south. Permits are required to fish on either reservation.
See also 
- Source elevation derived from Google Earth search using GNIS source coordinates.
- "Black River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. February 8, 1980. Retrieved May 17, 2013.
- "The National Map". U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Arizona Road & Recreation Atlas (7th ed.). Medford, Oregon: Benchmark Maps. 2012. pp. 75–77 and 80–81. ISBN 978-0-929591-97-1.
- Byrd H. Granger (1960). Arizona Place Names. University of Arizona Press. p. 5. Retrieved November 20, 2011.
- "Where to Fish: White Mountains". Arizona Fish and Game Department. Retrieved May 17, 2013.
- Information and Education Division (2007, HookedAZ Fishing Community). Arizona Fishin' Holes. Phoenix, AZ: Arizona Game and Fish Department.