Black Sea Shipping Company
Black Sea Shipping Company (Ukrainian: Чорноморське морське пароплавство) was a major shipping company of the former Soviet Union based in Odessa, Ukraine. During the Soviet rule, the company held the title of world's largest shipping company for at least several years and was instrumental in important foreign trade and international aid initiatives of the Soviet government.
In February 2009 it was recognized bankrupt by the Higher Economic Court of Ukraine (previously by the Economic Court of Odessa Oblast and the Odessa Appellate Economic Court).
The company was established on June 13, 1922 as Black Sea - Azov Sea Shipping by the Council of Labour and Defence as part of the People's Commissariat of Communication Routes and administrated by the Central Administration of State Merchant Fleet (Gostorgflot). The company however traces its history to May 16, 1833 when the Black Sea Society of Steamships (ROPiT) was established as means of permanent communications between Odessa and Istanbul, but the company disappeared after the Crimean War of the 1850s. The Black Sea - Azov Sea Shipping company splits into Black Sea Shipping Company, Azov Sea Shipping Company and Georgian Shipping Company after the World War II. Another split took place in 1964 when a new company, Novorossiysk Shipping Company, was created from the tanker division of the Black Sea Shipping Company. In 1990 Black Sea Shipping was the biggest one in Europe among other shipping companies and the second in whole world. With the fall of the Soviet Union, the company was passed from the Ministry of Sea Fleet of the USSR as a state company of Ukraine and later registered with the Fund of State Property of Ukraine.
Black Sea Shipping company was the biggest company in the world in 1980-es years as per quantity of sea-going vessels. The company had more than 250 sea-going ship during the best times.
Ports and harbours of operation
During the Soviet Union period and after the creation of the Novorossiysk Sea Shipping Company all of the large ports on the present Ukrainian territory except Sevastopol, Asov Sea ports, Kerch port and Danube river ports were owned by the Black Sea Shipping Company. After the collapse of the Soviet Union these ports separated from the shipping company.
Ports of Black Sea Shipping Co. during Soviet Union period (first version is Russian language version):
- Constellation of the Blackerranean (by analogy with the word Mediterranean):
- River ports:
- Crimea ports
Before the creation of the Novorossiysk Sea Shipping Company the Black Sea Shipping Company also included all ports of Novorossiysk Sea Shipping Company on the east coast of the Black Sea:
The main port was Odessa during all times. And most of tonnage of cargо passed via Constellation of the Blackerranean - Odessa, Illichivsl, Yuzhny ports.
Sevastopol - was not Black Sea Shipping Co. port. It was naval port of Soviet Union in Black Sea.
- Russian Steam Navigation and Trading Company, company-predecessor in 1856-1918
- Case about the bankruptcy of the State Shipping Company "Black Sea Shipping" (Дело о банкротстве Государственной судоходной компании «Черноморское морское пароходство») by ИА Advisers. "Ukrainian Anti-raid Movement". 2009-05-01.
- "On creation of the stock shipping conglomeration "Blasko"-"Black Sea Shipping"" (Про створення акціонерного судноплавного концерну "Бласко" - "Чорноморське морське пароплавство"). Presidential Decree#303. August 13, 1993.
- "Кравчук взяв на себе провину за розвал торгового флоту України". Korrespondent.net. February 3, 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2013.