Black and Tan Coonhound
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|Other names||American Black and Tan Coonhound|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)|
The Black and Tan Coonhound is a breed of dog used principally for trailing and treeing raccoon. It is a cross between the Bloodhound, and the Black and Tan Virginia Foxhound. The Black and Tan Coonhound runs its game entirely by scent. The courage of the Coonhound also make it proficient on the hunt for deer, bear, cougar and other big game, although many US states are restricting the hunting of antlered animals with dogs. The general impression is that of power, agility and alertness, with the ability to cover ground swiftly with powerful rhythmic strides. Each hound has its own distinctive voice which is often recognizable to its owners from great distance.
|Black and Tan Coonhound overview|
|Weight:||65–75 pounds (29–34 kg)|
|Height:||23–27 inches (58–69 cm)|
|Coat:||Short, dense and glossy|
|Litter size:||~8 puppies|
|Life span:||10–12 years|
The breed standard for Black and Tan Coonhounds is as follows:
- Eyes are hazel to brown
- Ears are extremely long, wide, and thin, set low and far back on the dog's head, hanging well down the neck.
- Their black and tan markings are similar to the Doberman and the Rottweiler but have key distinguishing differences from these breeds. The most prominent are the long tails and ears, and their loud, baying bark.
- Legs are long in proportion to the body length, muscular and finely modelled.
- The tail is set slightly below the natural line of the back, strongly tapered, and carried at a right angle, when the dog is alert or excited.
- 23 to 27 inches (58 to 69 cm) at the shoulder
- 8 to 10 inches (20 to 25 cm) head (back of skull to tip of nose)
- 65 to 75 pounds (29 to 34 kg)
- Males are typically larger and heavier boned than females.
Generally healthy, but there is some risk of hip dysplasia, ear cancer and other ear infections, and eye problems.
Not the prototypical house dog, the Black and Tan Coonhound, nonetheless, makes an exemplary pet. It is mellow, amiable, calm, and unobtrusive indoors. Outdoors, its strong hunting instincts take over, and it can be difficult to turn from a track after it starts trailing. As befitting a dog with its heritage, it is strong, independent, and stubborn. The Black and Tan Coonhound is gentle and tolerant with children, but it may be too independent to satisfy a playful child. It is reserved with strangers. It may bay and howl.
The Black and Tan is a dog that can run for miles, although it is usually content with a moderate jog or long walk, with an occasional excursion into the field. It can wander if it catches a scent, so a safe area is mandatory. Its coat needs only occasional brushing. Most Coonhounds drool to some extent, and the face may need regular wiping. The ears should also be checked regularly.
The Black and Tan Coonhound is descended from the Talbot hound, found in medieval England after the eleventh century. Its ancestry is then traced through the Bloodhound and the Foxhound to the Virginia Foxhound, commonly called the "black and tan".
In 1945, the Black and Tan became the only one of the six varieties of Coonhound to be recognized in the Hound Group by the American Kennel Club. The Redbone Coonhound and the Plott Hound have since been recognized in the Miscellaneous Class. The other three varieties of Coonhound are the Bluetick Coonhound, the English Coonhound, and the Treeing Walker Coonhound.
Notable Black and Tan Coonhounds
- President George Washington had four Black and Tan Coonhounds: Drunkard, Taster, Tipler, and Tipsy.
- Clark, Ross D. DVM, and Joan R. Stainer. Medical & Genetic Aspects of Purebreed Dogs. Fairway, Kansas: Forum Publications, Inc, 1994.
- American Kennel Club The Complete Dog Book 18th Edition New York, New York: Howell Book House, 1992.
- American Kennel Club - Black and Tan Coonhound History