Black and Tan

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For other uses, see Black and tan (disambiguation).
For the Royal Irish Constabulary auxiliary force, see Black and Tans.
Black and Tan
Blackandtanbeer.jpg
A blend of Guinness stout and Bass pale ale
Type Mixed drink
Served Straight up; without ice
Standard drinkware Pint glass
Commonly used ingredients

Pale ale or lager and stout or porter

Black and Tan is a beer cocktail made from a blend of a pale beer (usually pale ale or lager) with a dark beer (usually stout or porter).

History[edit]

The term likely originated in England, where consumers have blended different beers since at least the seventeenth century.[1] The name "black and tan" had earlier been used to describe the coats of dogs, such as the black and tan coon-hound. The earliest recorded usage of the term in the drink context is from 1881, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, in the American magazine Puck.[2] The first recorded British use of the term to describe a drink is from 1889.[2]

Preparation[edit]

A Black-and-Tan Spoon

The "layering" of Guinness on top of the pale ale or lager is possible because of the lower relative density of the Guinness.[1] The opposite scenario (where the layer on top is heavier than bottom) would produce the fluid mechanics phenomenon known as the Rayleigh-Taylor Instability.

To prepare a Black and Tan, fill a glass halfway with pale ale then add the stout. The top layer is best poured slowly over an upside-down tablespoon placed over the glass to avoid splashing and mixing the layers. A specially designed black-and-tan spoon is bent in the middle so that it can balance on the edge of the pint-glass for easier pouring.[1] Alternatively, the stout can be poured first so that the drinks are thoroughly mixed together.

Variants[edit]

Several American breweries currently make premixed Black and Tan, for example Yuengling's Original Black and Tan.[1]

Black and Tan in the United States is usually Guinness Draught mixed with Bass with variations using Harp Lager instead of Bass referred to as Half and Half, and Guinness and Newcastle Brown Ale known as Black Castle.

Alexander Keith's and Guinness is popular in Canada

Half and Half - In Ireland, a traditional Half and Half consists of half warm or room temperature Guinness and half chilled Guinness. In the early days, refrigeration was of course unavailable. As refrigeration came into existence in the 20th century, it was found that a mixture of the two temperatures created the perfect drinking temperature for Guinness. Most Guinness poured in Ireland is served at about this temperature, roughly 44 degrees Fahrenheit (6° Celsius). In the United States, Half and Half consists of Harp's Lager topped with Guinness. Half and half implies that both ales come from the Guinness Brewery.

Black Honey - Half Guinness and Half Honey Brown.

Black and White - Stout with any light colored beer.

Black and Blue - Stout with Blue Moon Belgian White, or stout and blueberry ale, Guinness and Pabst Blue Ribbon, Guinness and Labatt Blue. Typically, this refers to any variation of stout coupled with blueberry-flavored ales or brands with the name "Blue" in them.

Black & Sam - Guinness stout and Samuel Adams Boston Lager (also called a Patriot Pint or Boston Half and Half)

Black & Cherry - Guinness stout and Samuel Adams Cherry Wheat

Black and Orange - Stout and pumpkin ale (Also known as a "Black & Blumpkin", or a "Black-O-Blumpkin", also called a Stumpkin in some circles)

Black Sap or Black Jap or Black Nip - Stout and Sapporo

All Irish Black & Tan a.k.a. Pint of Special a.k.a Blacksmith - Guinness Stout and Smithwick's Irish Ale

Black and Red - Guinness and Killians Irish Red Lager.

Old Dirty Englishman aka Tetness - Half Guinness and half Tetley's

Black Bee - Half Guinness and half Boddington's Ale

Sweet Black and Tan (Scottish) - Sweetheart Stout and any light ale (i.e. 60 shilling)

Philadelphia Black & Tan - Half Guinness and half Yuengling Lager

Black & Gold - Half Guinness Stout and half hard cider (e.g., Magners or Woodchuck). Sometimes incorrectly referred to as a snakebite, which is actually a mixture of half lager and half cider. When made specifically with Woodchuck Cider it is also called a Stout Woody and a Black Chuck

Black Christmas (or Kwanzaa) - Guinness draught over Christmas Ale.

Black & Red - Half chocolate stout over half raspberry or cherry lambic

Jamaican Black & Tan - Half Guinness and half Red Stripe

Black Hoe - Half Guinness and half Hoegaarden.

Thistle & Shamrock - Beamish & McEwan's

Irish American - Half Guinness and half Budweiser or Miller.

Irish Canadian - Half Guinness and half Molson Canadian

Black Castle - Half Guinness and half Newcastle Brown Ale

San Patricios - Half Guinness and half any Mexican beer (Corona, Pacifico, Dos Equis, Negro Modelo)

Black Tire - Half Guinness and half New Belgium Fat Tire

Irish Anarchist - Any Irish stout atop any Irish red ale. The name is a reference to the anarchist-syndicalist flag, which is black and red.

The Greatness - Half Guinness and Half Great White. (Great White is from Lost Coast Brewery in Eureka, Ca.)

Eclipse/Black Moon - Half Guinness and Half Blue Moon

Black Girl - Half Guinness and St Pauli Girl

Tetness Shot - Part Guinness and part Tetley's and part Starbucks Coffee Liqueur. Be careful; this one stings a bit!

Blacks on Blondes - Half Young's Double Chocolate Stout and half Pete's Wicked Strawberry Blonde

Green Goblin - Half Heinken and half Hobgoblin

Imperial Black & Tan - Half Sierra Nevada Celebration Ale and half Brooklyn Brewery Black Chocolate Stout

Dark & Steamy - Half Anchor Steam Beer and half Guinness

Black Magic - Half Guinness and Half Magic Hat #9

Dirty Bush (Traditional) - Half stout Guinness half Bush Light Mixed Seasonally.

Red Velvet - Half Guinness, Half Raspberry Cider Jack

Black Velvet - Half Guinness and half Champagne or sparkling wine

Controversy[edit]

The name "Black and Tan" is not used in Ireland as a term for a mixture of two beers, the drink is instead referred to as a Half and half.[1] Indeed, the drink has image problems in Ireland and elsewhere due to the association with the Royal Irish Constabulary Reserve Force, nicknamed the "Black and Tans", which was sent into Ireland in the early 1920s.[1] As a result, in Ireland the name is seen as contentious and disrespectful.[3]

In March 2006, Ben and Jerry's released an ice cream flavour in the United States for Saint Patrick's Day inspired by the drink; the name offended Irish nationalists because of the paramilitary association. Ben and Jerry's has since apologised. A spokesman told Reuters, "Any reference on our part to the British Army [sic] unit was absolutely unintentional and no ill will was ever intended."[4] In March 2012, the drink's name once more came into the news when Nike, as part of an Irish themed set of designs, released a pair of shoes advertised as the "Black and Tan" and generating offence similar to the earlier Ben and Jerry's ice cream.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Oliver, Garrett (2011). The Oxford Companion to Beer. Oxford University Press. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-19-536713-3. 
  2. ^ a b Home : Oxford English Dictionary
  3. ^ Ireland's War of Independence: The chilling story of the Black and Tans - The Independent, 21 April 2006
  4. ^ Black and Tan ice cream causes a chill in Ireland - The Telegraph, 21 April 2006
  5. ^ Nike puts its foot in it with 'Black and Tan' sneaker - The Irish Times, 10 March 2012

External links[edit]