Black and white cookie
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2008)|
|Black and white cookie|
|Alternative names||Half and half cookie|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Region or state||Northeastern states|
|Main ingredients||Shortbread, fondant|
|Cookbook:Black and white cookie Black and white cookie|
A black and white cookie, or half and half cookie, is a soft, sponge-cake-like shortbread which is iced on one half with vanilla fondant, and on the other half by chocolate fondant. It is similar to a neenish tart, although neenish tarts are filled with a cream center, whereas a black and white cookie is not.
Notably, this style cookie is often seen as a particularly "New York" snack.
Although bearing a superficial resemblance to black and white cookies, halfmoon cookies, popular in Central New York, are made with a significantly different recipe. The traditional halfmoon cookie is a devil's food cake cookie with buttercream frosting, resulting in a cookie that is richer and moister than the black and white cookie. Halfmoon cookies are now also available with a vanilla cookie base.
Cookies of this style are collectively known as "Black and White cookies" or "half-and-halfs". In Germany they are called "Amerikaner" (American). On October 19, 2008, Barack Obama dubbed them Unity Cookies at a deli in Hollywood, Florida.
History and difference from half-moons
There is some confusion as to the origin of the black-and-white cookie. The half-moon common in Upstate New York and New England is sometimes confused with the black and white cookie but is made with a different recipe. In New York City, however, one will find only black-and-whites. None-the-less, while the two names are often used interchangeably, there are considerable differences between the two; most notably in the textures of the base and the icing, with black-and-whites having a drier, cookie-like base and fondant frosting. And with the cookie also being bigger than most half-moons.
Half-moons originated in Utica, New York at Hemstrought's Bakery in the early part of the 20th century. Half-moons most often come with a chocolate cake base, dark fudge icing on one side and sugary white frosting for the "half moon" side. Hemstrought's also made a vanilla cake base with fudge and white frosting, as well as full 'vanilla moons' and 'coconut moons,' with either a chocolate or vanilla cake base. The original Hemstrought's half moons bakery closed their doors in 2011; they, however, still bake half-moons for local supermarkets, where they are still available.
The typical New York City and Long Island black-and-whites have a vanilla cake base with fudge and white frosting.
In popular culture
In the Seinfeld episode "The Dinner Party", Jerry eats a black-and-white cookie while waiting in a bakery with Elaine. He compares the cookie to a metaphor for racial harmony and that people should "Look to the cookie!"
- The Black and White Cookie Meets the Amerikaner | Beyond Burgers and Bratwurst
- Clark, Lesley (21 October 2008). "Barack Obama and the black and white cookie". The Miami Herald. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- Johnson, Sasha (21 October 2008). "Obama: McCain is 'running out of time' and 'making stuff up'". CNN. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- What Makes a Good New York Black & White Cookie? Thoughts on the Best | Serious Eats : New York
- Hemstrought Bakery’s Chocolate Half-Moon Cookie Recipe
- Happy Birthday Half Moon Cookies! An Upstate Tradition (But Which Side Do You Eat First?)
- The Best Black and White Cookies? Half-Moons? Amerikaners? | Serious Eats : New York