||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (October 2011)|
Title screen featuring the front of Black Books.
|Created by||Dylan Moran
|Written by||Dylan Moran
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||3|
|No. of episodes||18 (List of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||William Burdett-Coutts|
|Running time||25 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Big Talk|
|Distributor||Channel 4 Sales|
|Original channel||Channel 4|
|Picture format||576p SDTV|
|Audio format||Dolby Digital Stereo|
|Original run||29 September 2000– 15 April 2004|
Black Books was a British sitcom created by Dylan Moran and Graham Linehan that was broadcast on Channel 4 from 2000 to 2004. Starring Moran, Bill Bailey and Tamsin Greig, the series is set in the eponymous London bookshop Black Books and follows the lives of its owner Bernard Black (Moran), his assistant Manny Bianco (Bailey) and their friend Fran Katzenjammer (Greig). The series was produced by Big Talk Productions, in association with Channel 4.
Black Books was produced in a multiple-camera setup, and was primarily filmed at Teddington Studios in Teddington, London, with exterior scenes filmed on location on Leigh Street and the surrounding areas in Bloomsbury. The debut episode premiered on 29 September 2000 and three seasons followed, with the final episode airing on 15 April 2004.
Bernard Black is the proprietor of Black Books, a small bookshop. The series revolves around the lives of Bernard, Manny and Fran. A central theme is Bernard's odd position as a belligerent and openly hostile shopkeeper who has a loathing of the outside world and all the people who inhabit it, except his oldest friend, Fran, who initially ran a trendy bric-a-brac shop, Nifty Gifty, next-door to the shop.
Bernard displays little enthusiasm or interest in retail (or, indeed, anything outside drinking, smoking and reading) and actively avoids having to interact with anyone, even inside his shop, as he has a personal dislike of his customers, treating his bookshop more like a personal library. It is suggested that Fran and Bernard once slept together, but now they remain happy to be friends, sharing a love of smoking heavily and drinking to excess. Fran otherwise has a rather hopeless love life.
Manny is introduced in the first episode as a stressed-out accountant who enters the bookshop seeking The Little Book of Calm. During a drunken night out, Bernard offers him a job as a shop assistant and a room above the shop if he will do Bernard's accounts for him. Sobering up, Bernard realises Manny's optimistic nature is not suited to "this kind of operation". Fran, however, seeing that Manny is good for Bernard, forces Bernard to let him stay.
Many episodes are driven by Manny and Fran's attempts to force Bernard into a more socially acceptable lifestyle. Their efforts usually result in chaos, sucking them back into Bernard's nihilistic view of the world. The bookshop, which also doubles as Manny and Bernard's residence, is frequently depicted as being in an unhealthy state of dirtiness and often inhabited by animals and other unidentified creatures, while disorder is a frequent aspect of the running of the shop. Manny's attempts to improve both the shop and the residence often fail.
In October 2011, Graham Linehan was asked what Bernard, Manny and Fran would be doing a decade after the events of the series. Linehan responded, "They'll grow up, like everyone else."
The series revolves around the three main characters of Bernard Black (Dylan Moran), Manny Bianco (Bill Bailey) and Fran Katzenjammer (Tamsin Greig), who all appeared in every episode. Supporting characters appear briefly in single episodes, while the show also featured several guest stars, such as actor Simon Pegg and writer Graham Linehan.
Black Books ran for a total of 18 half-hour episodes, broadcast over three series of six episodes each. Series 1 premiered on 29 September 2000 and ran until 3 November 2000, series 2 from 1 March 2002 to 5 April 2002 and series 3 from 11 March 2004 to 15 April 2004.
A pilot for the show was featured in the 1998 Channel 4 sitcom festival in Riverside Studios. This early version was decidedly darker, revolving around Bernard's, and later Manny's, decision to commit suicide. It featured Manny (surname Zimmerman in reference to Bob Dylan) and the Fran character as Valerie, a philosophy lecturer.
The pilot was an original creation of Moran's and the series was his first creation as a writer for a television series. Linehan, co-writer of the 1995 Channel 4 sitcom Father Ted, joined at the outset to co-write the series with Moran at the suggestion of producer William Burdett-Coutts after Linehan saw the pilot and had seen Moran performing in Dublin. The characters were Moran's original creation, created over a month-long process he calls "spitballing", i.e. talking spontaneously to each other in character.
The concept of Bernard owning a bookshop came about because of Moran's view of bookshops as doomed enterprises. Moran said "Running a second-hand bookshop is a guaranteed commercial failure. It's a whole philosophy. There were bookshops that I frequented and I was always struck by the loneliness and doggedness of these men who piloted this death ship", while Linehan said his belligerent personality reflected a sign he once saw in a bookshop stating "Please put the books anywhere you like because we've got nothing better to do than put them back". Moran said of the series, "We just wanted to cram as much elaborate stupidity into a half-hour that could make it be coherent and that you would believe".
The fictional address for the bookshop is Black Books, 13 Little Bevan Street, Bloomsbury, London WC1. Manny also states the shop is located "just off Russell Square". The exterior scenes of the bookshop were filmed outside a real bookshop, albeit a smaller one, called Collinge & Clark, located at 13 Leigh Street, Bloomsbury.
The audio commentary for Shaun of the Dead states that Black Books is considered by the producers to be a sister show of the 1999 Channel 4 sitcom Spaced, also produced by Nira Park. The show features several actors from Spaced, while in one episode Manny is heard speaking to Twist Morgan, a character from Spaced. Simon Pegg guest-starred as Bill Bailey's boss in one episode, an inversion of their roles in Spaced; Nick Frost appeared at the beginning of the episode "The Big Lockout" to install a new security system for the shop, though lost Manny's attention when he spotted a Subbuteo player in his hair; Jessica Stevenson made an appearance as a friend of Fran's, who was trying to help her live a healthier lifestyle with attempts to change her diet and get her to exercise more; while Peter Serafinowicz played a radio broadcaster whose dulcet tones reading the shipping forecast drove Fran wild with desire.
Awards and reception
Black Books won the BAFTA for Best Situation Comedy in 2001 and 2005, and won a Bronze Rose at the Festival Rose d'Or of Montreux in 2001. As well as nominations for British Comedy Awards and the Irish Film and Television Awards.
- "Black Books". Big Talk Productions. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "How Teddington Studios Will Benefit Us as a Video Production Company". Nostairway Media. 12 March 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "Black Books (TV Series 2000–2004) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- Jeffery, Morgan (5 November 2011). "'Black Books': Tube Talk Gold – British TV Blog – Digital Spy". Digital Spy. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- Linehan, Graham (20 October 2011). "IAmA Man Named Graham Linehan, Creator of The IT Crowd : IAmA". Reddit. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- Ogle, Tina (17 September 2000). "Here's the Odd Couple of Comedy". The Observer. Archived from the original on 20 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "Travel Writer". Season 3. Episode 5. 8 April 2004.
- "He's Leaving Home". Black Books. Series 1. Episode 6. 3 November 2000. Channel 4.
- Brown, Allan (7 August 2005). "Droll Troll Who Puts the Odd in Couple". The Times. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "Channel 4's "World's 50 Greatest Comedy Characters"". listology.com. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "Black Books - Graham Linehan". Channel4.com > Community > Chats. Channel 4. 13 October 2000. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
- Wright, Mark (28 May 2008). "Unsung Heroes of Television: Bernard Black". The Stage. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
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- Black Books at channel4.com
- Black Books at the Internet Movie Database
- Street view of filming location, Google.