Ethnic pornography

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Ethnic pornography is a genre of pornography that focuses on performers of specific ethnic groups, or on the depiction of interracial sexual activity.[1][2] Ethnic pornography typically employs ethnic and racial stereotypes in its depiction of performers.[3]

"The Dairy Maid's Delight", a drawing by Thomas Rowlandson (1756–1827)

Interracial pornography[edit]

The term 'interracial pornography' may theoretically pertain to visual pornography depicting sexual activity between performers of any different racial groups but 'interracial' or IR is usually referred as heterosexual acts between black and white performers.[4] Many of interracial pornographic films still include racial stereotypes, but the segregation of actors by race has diminished considerably.[5][6]

Controversy in the American pornographic industry[edit]

Although films featuring white females with black males attracted public attention as early as the 1972 release, Behind the Green Door,[7] the position of white actresses appearing in interracial pornography has caused constant controversy within the American pornographic industry. In the past, some of American pornography's leading white actresses were allegedly warned to avoid African American males, both on-screen and in their personal lives. One rationale was the purportedly widespread belief that appearing in interracial pornography would ruin a white performer's career, although some observers have said that there is no evidence that this is true.[3] Adult Video News critic Sheldon Ranz wrote in 1997 that

"We keep hearing a lot about 'the powers that be' that tell white women that it's not in their 'interest' to work with blacks. Is there any proof that Ginger [Lynn]'s scene with Tony El-Lay in Undressed Rehearsal hurt her career? Nina Hartley still gets lots of bookings in Southern strip clubs, especially Texas, even though she is an avowed interracialist."[8]

On the other hand, some commentators have pointed that the lack of racial divide and "nonsense about 'attraction' and 'preference'" in the European pornographic scene allowed many top European female performers appear in American interracial pornographic films.[9]

Testimonies in the 2010s[edit]

Despite interracial pornographic films' explosive popularity, becoming one of the fastest-growing and biggest-selling genres,[10] Sophie Dee, prominent figure of the genre, claimed in a 2010 interview that agents often pressure white female performers not to appear in interracial pornography, although they will be paid better for performing with black men their careers will not be damaged in any way, pointing at positive examples of some Vivid Entertainment actresses.[11] Similarly, Sicilian American porn star Mariah Milano concluded that racism is still considerably rampant in the porn industry, and that it is often concealed in plain sight by tongue-in-cheek arguments like female performers' personal preferences.[12][13]

Aurora Snow noted in a 2013 article that the major factor preventing several white female porn stars from doing interracial scenes is "career anxiety" imposed by agents rather than their own racial bias, whereas Tee Reel, male porn star and one of the few black agents in the U.S. industry, had a concurring opinion, saying, "In the business, some girls who say they don’t do interracial, I’ve actually had sex with, off-camera."[14] Porn star Kristina Rose has alleged that some agents tell younger actresses that they will earn less from performing in interracial pornography to bar their involvement, although the opposite is true on a global level.[14] On the other hand, Lexington Steele told in a The Root interview that white female performers who appear in interracial pornography may conceal their careers due to social pressure from their intimates, arguing "It's just an element of American culture that still exists, and that is the feeling that a white female will be deflowered or soiled, if you will, by doing a scene with a black male".[15]

Racial fetishism[edit]

In academic discourse, racial fetishism is a postcolonialist term found in the writings of authors such as Homi K. Bhabha, Anne McClintock and Kobena Mercer. The term combines elements of the Freudian psychoanalytic fetish and the Marxist commodity fetish, and is used in the context of British, Spanish and French colonialism and imperialism and their aftereffects. The term has as its origins Frantz Fanon's epidermal schema and Edward Said's Orientalism.[16][17][18][19]

Homi Bhabha defined the idea of a racial fetish in contrast to the idea of the Freudian sexual fetish which he describes a denial of difference, where the male sees the female as a castrated male, seeing missing parts rather than a different anatomy. Similar to Freud's idea of a fetish, Bhabha defines racial fetish to be a fixation on other races being not different, but lesser or "mutilated" versions of the white male.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "AVN Feb 2009". Mydigitalpublication.com. Retrieved 2010-02-06. 
  2. ^ - Lehman, Peter (2006). "Pornography: film and culture". Rutgers University Press. p. 208. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Luke Ford (1999). "Racism". LukeIsBack.com. Retrieved 2008-01-18. 
  4. ^ "Internet Adult Film Database Glossary". Web link. Retrieved 2009-12-07.
  5. ^ Carroll, Rebecca (2007-06-04). "Savanna Samson: Becky & the Pussycats Debut Interview". PaperMag.com. Retrieved 2007-07-19. "So many girls [in the industry] said, 'Oh you can't be with [a black man] it's gonna ruin your career.' I think that's insane. I love black men, so I was really insistent about being on camera in an interracial [situation] because I didn't want to be part of that mentality." 
  6. ^ Cachapero, Joanne (2007-07-15). "Lex Steele Talks God on BET". Xfanz. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  7. ^ "Interracial porn pioneer Marilyn Chambers dead at 56". Vancouver Sun. 2009-04-15. Retrieved 2010-11-01. 
  8. ^ Ranz, Sheldon (1997-04-05). "Stars Who Refuse Interracial Scenes". rec.arts.movies.erotica. Web link. Retrieved 2007-07-06.
  9. ^ Luke Ford (2005). "Racism". LukeIsBack.com. Retrieved 2008-01-18. "Angel Dark, Stacy Silver, Sylvia Saint, Jane Darling, Liliane Tiger, Monica Sweetheart, Sharka Blue, Ellen Saint, etc., have all done IR, and not because they had to do it to salvage their careers either. And these are all hot European starlets who can pick and choose any guy with whom to do a scene, but don't go around talking nonsense about "attraction" and "preference."" 
  10. ^ "Black/White: Sex, Race & Profit". SexTV. 2006-09-09. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  11. ^ "Xcitement Interviews: Sophie Dee". Xcitement Magazine. 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-27. "And off the top of my head, Janine, Monique & Savanna who were Vivid girls have done interracial. It hasn’t hurt their careers." 
  12. ^ "The Controversy of Interracial Porn". Luke is Back. 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-05. "There is a lot of racism alive and thriving in the porn business these days...My favorite excuse is the most common one. 'I am just not attracted to black men so I won’t shoot with them' Well, ok bitch were you attracted to Ron Jeremy when you shot with him?" 
  13. ^ Lukeisback.com
  14. ^ a b "Interracial Sex Still Taboo for Many Porn Stars". The Daily Beast. 2013-03-05. Retrieved 2013-10-13. 
  15. ^ "Is the Porn Industry Racist?". The Root. 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-10-13. 
  16. ^ a b Bhabha, Homi K. (June 1983). "The Other Question: Difference, Discrimination and the Discourses of Colonialism". Screen 24 (6): 18–36. 
  17. ^ McClintock, Anne (1995). Imperial Leather: Race Gender and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest. New York:: Routledge. 
  18. ^ Mercer, Kobena (1993). "Reading Racial Fetishism: the Photographs of Robert Mapplethorpe". In Apter, Emily and Pietz William. Fetishism as Cultural Discourse. Ithaca: Cornell UP. 
  19. ^ Fanon, Frantz (1967). transl. Charles Lam Markmann, ed. Black Skin, White Masks. New York: Grove Press. 

External links[edit]