Black snake (firework)
Black snake and Pharaoh's serpent are two similar types of firework.
After being lit, both fireworks begin to smoke and create ash resembling a snake via an intumescent reaction. They stay on the ground and do not emit sparks, flares, any form of projectiles, or any sound, but may release smoke.
Sodium bicarbonate which produces carbon dioxide gas, and sugar forming carbon containing ash, are common chemicals used for creating black snakes. Other sources report the contents as "a nitrated mixture of linseed oil and naphthalenes".
The traditional "Pharaoh's serpent" version of this firework produced a more impressive snake, but its operation depended upon mercury (II) thiocyanate, which is no longer used because of its toxicity.
In popular culture
- In a South Park episode, the town is nearly destroyed by a gigantic snake (commissioned to salvage the annual Fourth of July celebration after the state bans all other types of fireworks).
- Before meeting Joe Dirt in the film of the same name, Kicking Wing only sold snakes and sparklers at his fireworks stand.
- Anne Helmenstine, Ph.D. "Black Snakes or Glow Worms". about.com.
- "LISTSERV 15.0 - CHEMED-L Archives". Mailer.uwf.edu. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
- Anne Helmenstine, Ph.D. (2011-05-12). "Pharaoh's Snake Firework or Chemistry Demonstration". about.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
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