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|Pigs' legs, blood, salt and vinegar|
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The ancient Spartan melas zomos (μέλας ζωμός), or black soup / black broth, was a staple soup made of boiled pigs' legs, blood, salt and vinegar. It is thought that the vinegar was used as an emulsifier to keep the blood from clotting during the cooking process. The armies of Sparta mainly ate this. It was not a delicacy, but used for sustenance.
According to legend, a man from Sybaris, a city in southern Italy infamous for its luxury and gluttony (which gave rise to the word sybarite), after tasting the Spartans' black soup remarked with disgust, "Now I know why the Spartans do not fear death". In another story, it is said that Dionysus, the despot of Sicily, for the sake of this bought a slave who had been a Spartan cook, and ordered him to prepare the broth for him, sparing no expense; but when the king tasted it he spat it out in disgust; whereupon the cook said, "Your Majesty, it is necessary to have exercised in the Spartan manner, and to have bathed in the Eurotas, in order to relish this broth."
- Black pudding, a wide variety of sausages containing blood
- Maasai tribesmen also consume cow's blood, sometimes mixed with milk
- Svartsoppa, Swedish (Scanian) soup made with goose blood
- Czernina, Polish soup made with duck blood
- Dinuguan, Filipino stew made of pig's blood, pork, chili, and vinegar
- Clauss, Manfred (1983). Sparta. Eine Einführung in seine Geschichte und Zivilisation (Sparta. An Introduction to its History and Civilisation) (in German). C.H. Beck, München (Beck'sche Elementarbücher). p. 166. ISBN 3-406-09476-7.