Blackall, Queensland

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Not to be confused with Blackwall, Queensland.
Blackall
Queensland
Blackall - Mitchell memorial.JPG
Memorial to Sir Thomas Mitchell
Blackall is located in Queensland
Blackall
Blackall
Coordinates 24°25′0″S 145°28′0″E / 24.41667°S 145.46667°E / -24.41667; 145.46667Coordinates: 24°25′0″S 145°28′0″E / 24.41667°S 145.46667°E / -24.41667; 145.46667
Population 1,588 (2011)[1]
Established 1868
Postcode(s) 4472
Elevation 284 m (932 ft)[2]
Location
LGA(s) Blackall-Tambo Region
State electorate(s) Gregory
Federal Division(s) Flynn
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
30.2 °C
86 °F
15.4 °C
60 °F
533.3 mm
21 in
Localities around Blackall:
Ilfracombe
Moombria
Home Creek
Evora
Narbethong
Mexico
Drummondslope
Isisford Blackall Windeyer
Mount Enniskillen
Adavale Adavale
Scrubby Creek
MacFarlane
Minnie Downs

Blackall is a small town and rural locality in the Blackall-Tambo Region in Central West Queensland, Australia.[3][4] It is approximately 960 kilometres (600 mi) by road from the state capital, Brisbane. The town is situated on the Barcoo River and Landsborough Highway (Matilda Highway). At the 2011 census had a population of 1,588.[1] It is the service centre for the Blackall-Tambo Region. The dominant industry in the area is grazing.

Blackall is also the home of the original Black Stump, which marks the original Astro Station established in 1887. Places west of this point are said to be 'beyond the black stump'. The original Black Stump was moved from its original location to make it more accessible to tourists, and can now be found on the boundary of the Blackall State School grounds, Thistle Street, Blackall. Blackall has many attractions for public use and entertainment, including the Blackall showground, the local pool and the historic Blackall Woolscour.

Sunstate Airlines, operating as QantasLink, has services connecting the town to Brisbane.

History[edit]

The region was explored in 1846 by explorer Sir Thomas Mitchell and his party.[5] In 1856, Augustus Gregory passed through the area noting that the landscape was a vast plain lacking vegetation in contrast to Mitchell's description of good country.[6] Blackall was named by Surveyor Abraham H. May after Sir Samuel Blackall, the second Governor of Queensland.[3][4] During the 1860s the town developed as a service centre for the surrounding pastoral properties. A survey of town allotments was conducted in 1868.[6]

Barcoo Post Office opened on 1 April 1864. It was renamed Blackall in 1868.[7]

Blackall State School opened on 10 September 1877.[8] On 5 October 1964, the school was destroyed by fire, but was subsequently rebuilt.[9]

Blackall was one of the first Queensland towns to sink an artesian bore in 1885, which now supplies the town with water from the Great Artesian Basin. The water temperature is 58 degrees Celsius. There is an artesian spa bath at the aquatic centre and locally produced soft drinks are made from the artesian water.[10]

In December 1890 the Australian Labor Party constitution and rules were drawn up at Blackall, during the founding of this party. In Australian folklore, the best known citizen of the town was the shearer Jack Howe. In 1892, he shore a total of 321 sheep at Alice Downs station in 7 hours and 40 minutes, a record for hand shearing that still stands, and was only broken by a shearer using a machine driven handpiece in 1950.[10] A branch line from the Queensland Central railway reached Blackall in 1908.

St Joseph's Catholic Primary School was established in 1917 by the Sisters of St Joseph. The opening ceremonies were conducted on Saturday 21 July 1917 by Archbishop James Duhig.[11][12]

The Blackall War Memorial commemorates those soldiers who died in World War 1. The memorial was dedicated on the 25 April (Anzac Day) 1927 by James Charles Minnis (former mayor of Blackall and a former soldier). The honour roll of those who died in World War 2 was added later.[13]

Blackall's population was more than 3,000 in 1965. A declining population has coincided with the decline in the wool industry in the district.[6]

Heritage listings[edit]

Blackall has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Facilities[edit]

Blackall has a public library, showground, racecourse, golf course, bowling club and aquatic centre, cultural centre and an historical association.[16]

The Blackall Golf Club has an 18-hole golf course at Shamrock Street (24°25′18″S 145°27′10″E / 24.42172°S 145.45276°E / -24.42172; 145.45276 (Blackall Golf Club)).[17]

Education[edit]

Blackall State School is a government primary and secondary (P-12) school located at the corner of Hawthorne and Shamrock Streets (24°25′32″S 145°28′12″E / 24.425596°S 145.470046°E / -24.425596; 145.470046 (Blackall State School)).[18] In 2012, there were 152 students enrolled with 14.5 teachers.[19]

St Joseph's Catholic Primary School is a Roman Catholic primary (P-7) school located at 109 Thistle Street (24°25′12″S 145°27′35″E / 24.42004°S 145.459587°E / -24.42004; 145.459587 (St Joseph's Catholic Primary School)).[18]

Climate[edit]

The town has a semi-arid climate according to Köppen (BSh).


Climate data for Blackall
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.6
(112.3)
43.9
(111)
41.8
(107.2)
37.3
(99.1)
35.0
(95)
32.8
(91)
31.3
(88.3)
35.1
(95.2)
38.4
(101.1)
41.2
(106.2)
44.0
(111.2)
44.6
(112.3)
44.6
(112.3)
Average high °C (°F) 36.0
(96.8)
35.1
(95.2)
33.7
(92.7)
30.3
(86.5)
25.8
(78.4)
22.7
(72.9)
22.3
(72.1)
24.6
(76.3)
28.5
(83.3)
32.2
(90)
34.7
(94.5)
36.0
(96.8)
30.2
(86.4)
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
22.0
(71.6)
19.9
(67.8)
16.1
(61)
11.8
(53.2)
8.0
(46.4)
6.9
(44.4)
8.4
(47.1)
12.1
(53.8)
16.5
(61.7)
19.5
(67.1)
21.4
(70.5)
15.4
(59.7)
Record low °C (°F) 12.9
(55.2)
12.4
(54.3)
10.1
(50.2)
4.1
(39.4)
0.1
(32.2)
−0.7
(30.7)
−2.0
(28.4)
−1.8
(28.8)
1.4
(34.5)
3.0
(37.4)
8.2
(46.8)
10.7
(51.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 85.2
(3.354)
81.9
(3.224)
62.8
(2.472)
37.1
(1.461)
33.6
(1.323)
26.3
(1.035)
25.1
(0.988)
16.4
(0.646)
18.4
(0.724)
33.2
(1.307)
43.5
(1.713)
69.8
(2.748)
533.3
(20.995)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 7.1 6.5 5.3 3.2 3.2 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.6 4.2 5.3 6.3 51.3
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[20]

Notable people[edit]


Gallery[edit]

Jack Howe's gravesite in Blackall cemetery 
Gravestone memorial for Jack Howe in Blackall cemetery 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Blackall (SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Bureau of Meteorology - retrieved 27 January 2008
  3. ^ a b "Blackall (town) (entry 2967)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Blackall (locality) (entry 47058)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  5. ^ ADB: Mitchell, Sir Thomas Livingstone (1792 - 1855) Retrieved 2010-5-1
  6. ^ a b c Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland) (2002). Heritage Trails of the Queensland Outback. State of Queensland. p. 39. ISBN 0-7345-1040-3. 
  7. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  8. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "Blackall State School - Prep to year 12". Blackall State School. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Readers Digest Guide to Australian Places, Reader’s Digest (Australia) Pty. Limited, Surry Hills N.S.W., 1993, ISBN 0-86438-399-1
  11. ^ "St Joseph's Catholic Primary School". St Joseph's Catholic Primary School. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  12. ^ "BLACKALL CONVENT SCHOOL.". Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 26 July 1917. p. 4. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "http://monumentaustralia.org.au/display/90565-blackall-war-memorial". Monument Australia. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "Blackall Masonic Temple (entry 14807)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  15. ^ "Blackall Woolscour (entry 14808)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  16. ^ "Blackall". Centre for the Government of Queensland. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  17. ^ "Blackall Golf Club". World Golf. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Queensland State and Non-State Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  19. ^ "2012 School Annual Report". Blackall State School. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  20. ^ "BLACKALL TOWNSHIP". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 

External links[edit]