Turbomeca Artouste

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Artouste
Turbomeca Artouste IIIB turboshaft-001.jpg
Turbomeca Artouste IIIB
Type Turboshaft
National origin France
Manufacturer Turbomeca
First run 1947
Major applications Aérospatiale Alouette II
Aérospatiale Alouette III
Developed into Continental T51

The Turbomeca Artouste is an early French turboshaft engine, first run in 1947. Originally conceived as an auxiliary power unit (APU), it was soon adapted to aircraft propulsion, and found a niche as a powerplant for turboshaft-driven helicopters in the 1950s. Artoustes were licence-built by Bristol Siddeley (formerly Blackburn) in the UK, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited in India, and developed by Continental CAE in the USA as the Continental T51. Power is typically in the 300 kW (400 hp) range.

Variants[edit]

Artouste I
Artouste II
Artouste IIB
Artouste IIC
373 kW (500 hp)[1]
Artouste IIC6
Artouste IIIB
410 kW (550 hp)[1]
Artouste IIID
Continental T51
Licence production and development of the Artouste in the United States
Turbomeca Marcadau
A turboprop variant, the Marcadau was a development of the Artouste II, producing 300 kW (402 hp) through a 2.3:1 reduction gearbox.

Applications[edit]

Artouste
Marcadau

Engines on display[edit]

A Turbomeca Artouste is on public display at:

Specifications (Artouste IIC)[edit]

Turbomeca Artouste on an Alouette III

Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1962-63[1]

General characteristics

  • Type: Turboshaft
  • Length: 1,440 mm (56.7 in)
  • Diameter: 545 mm (21.5 in) - height, 390 mm (15.4 in) - width
  • Dry weight: 115 kg (253.5 lb) - dry

Components

  • Compressor: Single stage centrifugal
  • Combustors: Annular combustion chamber
  • Turbine: Three stage turbine
  • Fuel type: Aviation kerosene to AIR 3405
  • Oil system: Oil grade AIR 3512, pressure lubrication

Performance

  • Maximum power output: 500 hp (372.85 kW) at 34,000 rpm for take-off
  • Fuel consumption: 153 kg (337.3 lb)/hour at maximum continuous power
  • Power-to-weight ratio: 3.24 kW/kg (1.972 hp/lb)

See also[edit]

Related development
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c Taylor, John W.R. FRHistS. ARAeS (1962). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1962-63. London: Sampson, Low, Marston & Co Ltd. 
Bibliography
  • Taylor, John W.R. FRHistS. ARAeS (1962). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1962-63. London: Sampson, Low, Marston & Co Ltd. 
  • Gunston, Bill (1986). World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens. p. 163.