Blackfriars, Bristol

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Blackfriars, Bristol
Bristol 1873 - Blackfriars Priory.png
1873 engraving of surviving buildings
Blackfriars, Bristol is located in Bristol
Blackfriars, Bristol
Location within Bristol
General information
Architectural style monastic
Town or city Bristol
Country England
Coordinates 51°27′26″N 2°35′16″W / 51.457296°N 2.58772°W / 51.457296; -2.58772
Construction started 13th century
Demolished part demolished in 16th century

Blackfriars, Bristol was a Dominican priory in Broadmead, Bristol, England. It was founded by Maurice de Gaunt in 1227 or 1228. Llywelyn ap Dafydd, son of Dafydd ap Gruffydd, the last native Prince of Wales, was buried in the cemetery of the priory. Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 16th century, surviving parts of the priory became a guildhall for the Smiths and Cutlers Company, the Bakers Company, a workhouse and then a meeting house for the Quakers. In the 20th century it has housed the local Register Office, a theatre company and a restaurant.

History[edit]

Blackfriars was founded as a Dominican priory by Maurice de Gaunt circa 1227. The site in Broadmead was just north of the town walls. The name "Blackfriars" comes from the black hooded cloak that the friars wore over their white habits.[1] Henry III supported the building of the church and priory, which took over forty years. Oak was supplied from the Forest of Dean and the king granted the friars charitable gifts and a moiety of fish landed in the port.[2]

In 1232, a royal grant gave the friars the right to build a conduit to supply fresh water from Peniwell, now known as Pennywell. This conduit was later given to the Mayor and town council in exchange for a feather, a branch pipe, supplying fresh water from Baptist Mills.[3] In 1287, Llywelyn ap Dafydd, de jure Prince of Gwynedd, died in captivity in Bristol Castle and was buried in the Blackfriars graveyard.[4]

John Hilsey, prior of Blackfriars became provincial of the Dominican order in England in 1534. Thomas Cromwell appointed him as one of Henry VIII's visitors, charged with inspecting monastic houses and administering the oath of allegiance, under the Act of Supremacy. In 1538 during the Dissolution of the Monasteries, four remaining friars surrendered the buildings and contents. In 1540 the site was purchased from the king by William Chester, who had just finished a term of office as Mayor of Bristol.[5] The area comprised some 6.75 acres (2.73 ha)[6]

During the reign of Elizabeth I parts of the premises were acquired by the Smiths and Cutlers Company and they in turn leased parts of it to the Corporation in 1654 for use as a workhouse for poor girls.[7] Eventually the Smith's Hall and the adjacent Baker's Hall were acquired by the Religious Society of Friends and the premises became popularly known as Quakers Friars.[8] In 1681 a mob led by John Hellier attacked the Quakers' meeting hall during persecutions following the Conventicles Act 1670.[9]

Today[edit]

Some of the original structures, much altered by subsequent use, survive and have been recorded by English Heritage.[10][11][12] In the late 20th century the buildings housed Bristol Register Office[13] and for a short time Show of Strength Theatre Company.[14] Since 2008, following the redevelopment of Broadmead, a restaurant is located there.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dominicans". Overview Of World Religions. Carlisle: Division of Religion and Philosophy, University of Cumbria. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  2. ^ "Friaries - Bristol". British History Online. University of London & History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 28 September 2010. 
  3. ^ Weare, p.101
  4. ^ Sharp, Margaret, ed. (1982). Accounts of the Constables of Bristol Castle in the Thirteenth and Early Fourteenth Centuries. Bristol: Bristol Record Society. pp. 17, 26–7. 
  5. ^ Weare, p.86-87
  6. ^ Weare, p.100
  7. ^ Latimer (1900), p.249
  8. ^ Latimer, John (1888). The Annals of Bristol in the Eighteenth Century. Bristol: John Latimer. p. 468. 
  9. ^ Latimer (1900), p.406
  10. ^ "Detailed Result: New Hall". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  11. ^ "Detailed Result: Bakers Hall". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  12. ^ "Detailed Result: Bristol Blackfriars". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  13. ^ Owen, Alun (25 October 2001). "Quakers Friars Register Office" (PDF). Central Support Services Executive. Bristol City Council. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  14. ^ "At Quakers Friars, Bristol 1994-1997". Show of Strength Theatre Company. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  15. ^ "Locations " Bristol". Brasserie Blanc. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 

Works cited[edit]

Coordinates: 51°27′26″N 2°35′16″W / 51.457296°N 2.58772°W / 51.457296; -2.58772 (Black Friary, Bristol (site))