Blackfriars, Gloucester

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Gloucester Blackfriars from the west.
A 1721 view of Blackfriars by William Stukeley.

Blackfriars, Gloucester, England, founded about 1239,[1] is one of the most complete surviving Dominican black friaries in England.[2]

Blackfriars Monastery in 1873
Bell Place today, view from NW, showing the former great window at the end of the N. Transept

The Monastery known as Blackfriars from the black habits the friars wore, was founded on a site west of Southgate Street, with the city wall adjacent to the south.

The friary went into private hands after the Dissolution of the Monasteries, having been purchased for £240 in 1539 by Thomas Bell (died 1566), who used the church as his residence.

The buildings of the cloister, including the scriptorium, he transformed into a cap manufactory. He converted the church itself into a grand mansion, completed by 1545,[3] which he referred to in his will as "My howse called Bell Place".[4] The nave and chancel were shortened approximately each by a half, either side of the central crossing, of which latter the southern member, extending into the cloister, was removed. Upper floors and stone mullioned windows were added above the outer aisles, a semi-circular bay window being also added to the north side of the nave. The great window at the north end of the northern transept was built in, and replaced with several smaller windows.[5] In the 1930s Bell Place was converted into 2 dwellings. Restoration work on this former church was completed in 1984, when it was opened to the public.[6] The cloister buildings were converted from former cap factory into dwellings in the 18th century, and part of the west range was heightened and converted into three houses. Bell bequeathed Blackfriars to his niece Joan and her husband Thomas Denys, son of Sir Walter Denys of Dyrham Park, in which family it remained until c. 1700. Both the ancient gateways to the Blackfriars have been removed, one before 1724, the other having collapsed c. 1750. One had become known as Lady Bell's Gate, which is memorialised in the modern street name "Ladybellegate", onto which the western cloister faces. The site is today the most complete surviving Dominican priory in Britain, containing the oldest surviving library.[7] The friary includes a notable fine, scissor-braced, dormitory roof.[2]

A 1721 image of the friary by William Stukeley provides valuable information about the friary at that time.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ William Page (editor) (1907). "Friaries: Gloucester". A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 2. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Blackfriars, English Heritage, 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
  3. ^ A lease dated 1545 to Thomas Bell by Gloucester Corporation refers to "his mansion place new built...lately called the black friars and now Bell Place being of the yearly value of £9". Glos. Archives GBR/J/3/18 ff.44v-45.
  4. ^ Will of Sir Thomas Bell the Elder: Glos. Archives, 1566/150.
  5. ^ Alterations as described by VCH Glos, vol.4 & from comparison with an illustration of a theoretical reconstruction by Terry Ball.
  6. ^ "Mary in Monmouth: Gloucester Blackfriars (2) and Newport (Novus Burgo-Castell Newydd ar Wsg)". maryinmonmouth.blogspot.com. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  7. ^ VisitBritain website

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°51′51″N 2°14′55″W / 51.864107°N 2.248662°W / 51.864107; -2.248662 (Gloucester Blackfriars)