Blackfriars station

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This article is about the current Blackfriars station. For the closed station of the same name but later known as Blackfriars Road station, see Blackfriars Road railway station. For another closed station of a similar name, see Blackfriars Bridge railway station.
Blackfriars
National Rail London Underground
London Blackfriars
Blackfriars tube stn and Thameslink northern entrance 2012.JPG
Northern entrance on Queen Victoria Street after renovation in 2012
Blackfriars is located in Central London
Blackfriars
Blackfriars
Location of Blackfriars in Central London
Location Blackfriars
Local authority City of London
Managed by First Capital Connect; Southeastern
London Underground
Owner Network Rail
Transport for London
Station code BFR
DfT category A
Number of platforms 6
Accessible Yes [1][2]
Fare zone 1
OSI Mansion House [3]
Temple
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Steady 0 (closed) million[4]
2011 Steady 0 (closed) million[5]
2012 Increase 9.28 million[5]
2013 Increase 12.09 million[5]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2008–09 Increase 12.959 million[6]
2009–10 Decrease 12.089 million[6]
2010–11 Increase 12.708 million[6]
2011–12 Increase 12.791 million[6]
— interchange 1.059 million[6]
2012–13 Increase 13.022 million[6]
— interchange 1.309 million[6]
Railway companies
Original company London, Chatham and Dover Railway
Key dates
10 May 1886 (10 May 1886) Opened as St. Paul's (LC&DR)
30 May 1870 Opened (DR)
1871 Extended east (DR)
1872 Started "Outer Circle" (NLR)
1872 Started "Middle Circle" (H&CR/DR)
1900 Ended "Middle Circle"
1908 Ended "Outer Circle"
1937 Renamed as Blackfriars
1949 Started (Circle line)
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°30′42″N 0°06′11″W / 51.5116°N 0.103°W / 51.5116; -0.103

Blackfriars, also known as London Blackfriars,[7] is a central London railway station (formerly a terminus) and connected London Underground station located in the City of London. Its platforms span the River Thames, occupying the length of Blackfriars Railway Bridge, a short distance downstream from Blackfriars Bridge. Since 2011 there have been station buildings, with passenger entrances, on both sides of the river; the north bank entrance is on the south side of Queen Victoria Street and the south bank entrance, opened in 2011, is adjacent to Blackfriars Road.[8]

The mainline station was opened by the London Chatham and Dover Railway company with the name St. Paul's in 1886. The Underground station opened in 1870 with the arrival of the District Railway (DR). The station was renamed Blackfriars in 1937. Mainline rail services are now provided by First Capital Connect and Southeastern while the Underground station is now served by both the District line and, since 1949, the Circle line. The Underground station was closed for renovation work for nearly three years between 2009 and 2012.[9] The station falls within fare zone 1.

History[edit]

Mainline railway station[edit]

View of SR station in 1953 from a platform of the former Ludgate Hill

St. Paul's railway station was opened by the London Chatham and Dover Railway (LC&DR) on 10 May 1886 when the company opened the St. Paul's Railway Bridge across the River Thames. The bridge was constructed to supplement the LC&DR's existing Blackfriars Railway Bridge, which had opened in 1864. This carried trains on the LC&DR's busy City Line from south London into the LC&DR stations at Ludgate Hill, Holborn Viaduct and, via the Snow Hill tunnel and a connection to the Metropolitan Railway near Farringdon, on to King's Cross and St Pancras stations.

After the opening of St. Paul's station, an earlier LC&DR station on the south side of the river, called Blackfriars Bridge station, which had opened in 1864, was closed to passengers but remained as a goods station until 1964. The station has since been demolished but the entrance driveway remains. Further down Blackfriars Road is the entrance to an earlier station called Blackfriars Road station which operated from 1864 to 1868 as part of the competing South Eastern Railway. The bricked-up entrance and preserved engraved station name can be seen under the bridge carrying the railway between London Bridge and Waterloo East over Blackfriars Road. At track level the space occupied by the platforms can be seen.

St. Paul's station was renamed as Blackfriars on 1 February 1937. Gradually, the structure of the original Blackfriars Railway Bridge deteriorated until it was unsound. The bridge deck was removed in 1985 and only the piers in the river and the orange bridge abutments remain.

The station was rebuilt along with the Underground station in the mid-1970s and was formally reopened on 30 November 1977. A part of the stonework elevation from the 1886 LC&DR station has been preserved at platform level in the mainline station indicating many destinations in the south-east of England and in Europe. The St. Paul's bridge is now known as Blackfriars Railway Bridge.

Underground station[edit]

Blackfriars Underground station is served by the Circle and District lines and is between Temple and Mansion House stations.

The exterior of the station in 1977

The station was opened on 30 May 1870 by the DR as the railway's new eastern terminus when the line was extended from Westminster. The construction of the new section of the DR was planned in conjunction with the building of the Victoria Embankment and was achieved by the cut and cover method of roofing over a shallow trench.

On 3 July 1871 the DR was extended eastwards to a new terminus at Mansion House.

It was closed on 2 March 2009 for major renovation work and reopened on 20 February 2012.[9]

Station rebuild[edit]

Blackfriars Underground station worksite during the Thameslink Programme rebuild

Blackfriars station was significantly renovated between 2009 and 2012. The office building above was demolished and replaced as part of the Thameslink programme. The new station is the same height and houses a shared National Rail and London Underground ticket hall and ventilation shaft together with escalators and lifts between a mezzanine level for mainline railway services and the sub-surface level for London Underground services.[10] The Underground station also received major enhancements,[11] with a new roof of glazed north lights and partial-height glazed side panels installed along the entire length of the bridge.

On the south bank of the river a new station entrance was built at Bankside, containing a second ticket hall.[12] The through platforms were moved to the east side and extended along Blackfriars Railway Bridge over the River Thames to accommodate 12-carriage trains (in place of the previous eight). The layout has been altered by building new bay platforms on the west side, avoiding the need for through trains between City Thameslink and London Bridge crossing the paths of terminating ones.[13]

Looking northwards at the old station from a departing train

The works exploited the disused piers west of the existing railway bridge which once supported the former West Blackfriars and St. Paul's Railway Bridge. The easternmost line of disused piers was strengthened, tied into the existing bridge and clad in stone.[14] The number of bay platforms was reduced from three to two in the process, but some terminating services have now become through services, and the increased length allows longer trains to terminate at Blackfriars.[13] The subway entrance to Blackfriars station has been permanently closed.[10]

The original concept for the project was designed by Pascall+Watson architects, with execution by Jacobs and Tony Gee and Partners; it was built by Balfour Beatty. By January 2011 the eastern half of the station's new roof had been erected and First Capital Connect services began using the newly constructed platforms on the east side of the bridge, where the bay platforms used to be. On the western side of the station the original eight-carriage platforms were removed and the bridge deck widened to provide space for the new terminus platforms. The station's new entrance and ticket hall on the south side of the river opened on 5 December 2011.[8]

The Waterloo & City line, a deep-level tube line which runs non-stop between Waterloo and Bank, runs almost directly under Blackfriars station and there have been suggestions to construct an interchange station for the line at Blackfriars. The Department for Transport considers this to have "no significant transport benefit".[15]

In January 2014 the Blackfriars Railway Bridge became the world's largest solar-powered bridge having been covered with 4,400 photovoltaic panels providing up to half of the energy for the station.[16]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 19 May 1938, a SECR B1 class locomotive was derailed, causing several hours disruption at the station.[17]
  • On 2 January 2014, a train's pantograph struck the roof of the station. The incident involving a Thameslink service from St Albans to Sevenoaks did not result in any injuries but caused delays of around 45 minutes.[18]

Services[edit]

Blackfriars in 1989 with a Thameslink train run by Network SouthEast with the Class 4 EPB in the old terminating platforms

Blackfriars mainline station is served by through-services on the Thameslink route operated by First Capital Connect and Southeastern. This includes trains from Bedford, St Albans City and Luton in the north, and Brighton, Sutton and Sevenoaks in the south. Southbound trains run via London Bridge or Elephant & Castle; northbound trains next call at City Thameslink. Before March 2009 some services from the south terminated at three bay platforms, which were then removed during renovation works. Two new bay platforms opened in May 2012 and are used during peak hours and at weekends.[19]

The typical Monday to Friday off-peak service is as follows:[20]

  • 4 tph (trains per hour) to Bedford
  • 4 tph to Brighton
  • 2 tph to Kentish Town
  • 2 tph to Luton
  • 2 tph to Sevenoaks
  • 2 tph to St Albans
  • 4 tph to Sutton - 2 via Wimbledon, 2 via Mitcham Junction

The Saturday service is as follows:

  • 4 tph to Bedford
  • 4 tph to Brighton
  • 2 tph to Luton
  • 2 tph to Sevenoaks
  • 2 tph to St Albans
  • 4 tph to Sutton - 2 via Wimbledon, 2 via Mitcham Junction

The Sunday service is as follows:

  • 4 tph to Bedford
  • 2 tph to Brighton
  • 2 tph to East Croydon
  • 2 tph to Luton
  • 2 tph to Sevenoaks
  • 4 tph to Sutton - 2 via Wimbledon, 2 via Mitcham Junction

After midnight, on all days, an hourly service runs between Bedford and Three Bridges.[20]

The Underground station is served by the District and Circle lines and is situated between Temple to the west and Mansion House to the east on those lines. It is in fare zone 1.

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 45; 63; 100; 388 and night route N63 serve the station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "London and South East" (pdf). National Rail Enquiries. National Rail. September 2006. Archived from the original on 6 March 2009. 
  3. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. May 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-10-20. 
  4. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  7. ^ "Station facilities for London Blackfriars". National Rail Enquiries. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "A better Blackfriars!". First Capital Connect. 5 December 2011. 
  9. ^ a b "Blackfriars Tube station reopens after three years". BBC News. 20 February 2012. 
  10. ^ a b Network Rail (2004a) - pg.34, paragraph 2.7.6
  11. ^ Department for Transport [see paragraph 35] (18 October 2006). "Thameslink - 2006 Transport and Works Act Decision Letter". Archived from the original on 8 November 2008. Retrieved 7 December 2006. 
  12. ^ Network Rail (2004a) - pg.35, paragraph 2.7.9
  13. ^ a b alwaystouchout.com (28 October 2006). "Thameslink Programme (Thameslink 2000)". Retrieved 27 November 2006. 
  14. ^ Network Rail (2005b) - pg.16, paragraph 2.15
  15. ^ "Thameslink 2000 Inspector's Report 2006, section 17.2.7". Department for Transport. 18 October 2006. Archived from the original on August 2008. Retrieved 26 August 2007. 
  16. ^ "World's largest solar-powered bridge opens in London". The Guardian environment blog (London). 22 January 2014.
  17. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1989). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 5. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 27. ISBN 0-906899-35-4. 
  18. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-25576100
  19. ^ "London Blackfriars is almost there!". First Capital Connect. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  20. ^ a b "First Capital Connect timetables". Retrieved 25 May 2012. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
City Thameslink
Farringdon on Sundays
  First Capital Connect
Thameslink
Bedford-Brighton
  London Bridge or
Elephant & Castle
First Capital Connect
Thameslink
Sutton Loop
Elephant & Castle
City Thameslink
Farringdon on Sundays
  First Capital Connect
Northbound
  Elephant & Castle
  Southeastern
Southbound
Bedford-Sevenoaks
 
Disused railways
Ludgate Hill   London, Chatham
& Dover Railway

City Branch
  Blackfriars Bridge
Holborn Viaduct   British Rail
Southern Region

City Line
  Elephant & Castle
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Edgware Road (via Victoria)
Circle line
towards Hammersmith (via Tower Hill)
District line
towards Upminster