Blackhawk (tools)

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Blackhawk
Blackhawk by Proto logo.png
Product type Hand tools
Owner Stanley Black & Decker
Country USA
Introduced May 31, 1919; 95 years ago (1919-05-31)
Previous owners National Hand Tool, Litton Industries, New Britain Machine Company, Applied Power Corporation, American Grinder
Website www.stanleyproto.com

Blackhawk by Proto—casually and traditionally known simply as Blackhawk—is an American brand of hand tools. It is currently a sub-brand of the Proto division of the Stanley Black & Decker.

History[edit]

Blackhawk Manufacturing was founded in 1919 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin as a subsidiary of the American Grinder Company (later named Applied Power Corporation). It made automotive tools, such as wrenches and sockets,[1] and a number of specialty tools.[2]

Blackhawk introduced a number of innovations to conventional drive tools, such as the "Lock-On" system of locking sockets,[3] gearless ratchets,[4][5] telescoping ratchet handles,[6] and 7/16" drive tools.[7] Many of these designs were developed by engineers Edward Pfauser and Sigmund Mandl (the latter notable for having founded the Husky Wrench Company prior to working for Blackhawk).

Blackhawk also partnered with the Armstrong Bros. Tool Company in the late 1920s through the late 1940s to produce a range of open-ended wrenches under the "Blackhawk-Armstrong" label.[8]

In the early 1950s, Blackhawk was acquired by the New Britain Machine Company. In the 1970s, Litton Industries purchased New Britain. In the 1980s, National Hand Tool acquired parts of Litton's erstwhile hand tools division, including the Blackhawk and Husky brands. And in 1986, the Stanley Works acquired National Hand Tool, and with it, the Blackhawk brand.[9]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Blackhawk Manufacturing: The Spirit of Innovation". Alloy Artifacts. 2009-10-30. p. 1. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  2. ^ "Blackhawk Manufacturing: The Spirit of Innovation". Alloy Artifacts. 2009-10-30. p. 5. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  3. ^ "Blackhawk Manufacturing: The Spirit of Innovation". Alloy Artifacts. 2009-10-30. p. 2. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  4. ^ US 1936640 
  5. ^ US 2003155 
  6. ^ US 2282148 
  7. ^ "Blackhawk Manufacturing: The Spirit of Innovation". Alloy Artifacts. 2009-10-30. p. 5. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  8. ^ "Blackhawk Manufacturing: The Spirit of Innovation". Alloy Artifacts. 2009-10-30. p. 3. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  9. ^ "Company Briefs". The New York Times. 1987-01-01. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 

External links[edit]