Blacklip abalone

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Haliotis rubra
Blacklip abalone.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Vetigastropoda
Superfamily: Haliotoidea
Family: Haliotidae
Genus: Haliotis
Species: H. rubra
Binomial name
Haliotis rubra
W. E. Leach, 1814
  • Haliotis improbula Iredale, T., 1924
  • Haliotis (Haliotis) ancile Reeve, L.A., 1846
  • Haliotis (Haliotis) naevosa Philippi, R.A., 1844
  • Haliotis (Haliotis) tubifera Lamarck, J.B.P.A. de, 1822
  • Sanhaliotis whitehousei Colman, J.G., 1959

The blacklip abalone, Haliotis rubra, is a species of large, edible sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Haliotidae, the abalones.[1][2]

Two shells of Haliotis rubra
  • Haliotis rubra conicopora Péron, 1816 – the conical pore abalone; synonyms: Haliotis conicopora Péron, 1816 (original combination), Haliotis cunninghami Gray, 1826; Haliotis granti Pritchard & Gatliff, 1902; Haliotis vixlirata Cotton, 1943
  • Haliotis rubra rubra Leach, 1814 the shield abalone; synonyms: Haliotis ancile Reeve, 1846; Haliotis improbula Iredale, 1924; Haliotis naevosa Philippi, 1844; Haliotis ruber Leach, 1814 (original combination); Haliotis whitehousei (Colman, 1959); Sanhaliotis whitehousei Colman, 1959


The size of the shell varies between 35 mm and 200 mm.


This species is endemic to Australia, and is of one of the main species of abalone taken in South Australia and Tasmania[3] Range is from Fremantle, Western Australia, to Angourie, New South Wales, and around Tasmania[4]

It is called the blacklip abalone because the edge of the foot is black.


  1. ^
  2. ^ Bouchet, P. (2012). Haliotis rubra Leach, 1814. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2013-02-04
  3. ^ "Fisheries - Abalone". Government of South Australia, Primary Industries and Regions SA. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  4. ^ Edgar, Graham J. (2008). Australian Marine Life: The plants and animals of temperate waters (Second ed.). Sydney: New Holland. ISBN 9781921517174. 
  • Geiger D.L. & Poppe G.T. (2000). A Conchological Iconography: The family Haliotidae. Conchbooks, Hackenheim Germany. 135pp 83pls
  • Geiger D.L. & Owen B. (2012) Abalone: Worldwide Haliotidae. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. viii + 361 pp.

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