Approximately 3.0 million (5% of the French population);
it is illegal for the French State to collect data on ethnicity and race.
Regions with significant populations
Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Bordeaux, Toulouse, Lille, Nantes, Strasbourg, Overseas departments and territories of France
French; various African languages, French Creoles and others
Islam, Christianity, others, non-religious
French Blacks or Blacks in France ( French: Noirs de France) are French citizens or residents who are of Black African or Caribbean ancestry.
Population statistics [ edit ]
Although it is illegal for the French state to collect data on ethnicity and race, a law with its origins in the
1789 revolution and reaffirmed in the constitution of 1958, various population estimates exist. One source states that there are 1.5 million black people in [1 ] France, while another states 1.865 million, equivalent to just under 4 per cent of the population. [2 ] An article in the [3 ] stated that estimates vary between 3 million and 5 million. New York Times It is estimated that four out of five black people in France are of African immigrant origin, with the remainder being chiefly of Caribbean ancestry. [4 ] [5 ] [6 ]
Some organizations, such as the
Representative Council of France's Black Associations ( French: , CRAN), have argued in favour of the introduction of data collection on minority groups but this has been resisted by other organizations and ruling politicians, Conseil représentatif des associations noires de France [7 ] often on the grounds that collecting such statistics goes against France's secular principles and harks back to [8 ] Vichy-era identity documents. During the [9 ] 2007 presidential election, however, Nicolas Sarkozy was polled on the issue and stated that he favoured the collection of data on ethnicity. Part of a parliamentary bill which would have permitted the collection of data for the purpose of measuring discrimination was rejected by the [10 ] Conseil Constitutionnel in November 2007. [1 ]
Notable people [ edit ]
In French politics [ edit ]
Afro-French members of the French Parliament or government from overseas France [ edit ]
There have been dozens of Afro-Caribbean or Afro-French MPs representing overseas electoral districts at the French National Assembly or at the French Senate, and several government members.
Afro-French people elected in metropolitan France [ edit ]
Élie Bloncourt ( fr) (1896-1978), first Black metropolitan deputy (1936-40, 1945-47), first Black metropolitan general councillor (1934-40, 1945-51) [11 ]
Ernest Chénière ( fr) (1945-), former deputy for Oise (1993-97)
Raphaël Élizé ( fr) (1891-1945), first Black metropolitan mayor (1929-40) [12 ]
Gaston Monnerville (1897-1991), first Black metropolitan senator (1946-1974), president of the French Senate (1947-68), mayor, president of Lot's general council
George Pau-Langevin, Paris deputy (2007-12), junior minister (2012-2014), Minister for Overseas (2014-)
Arthur Richards ( fr)(1890-1972), general councillor in Bordeaux (1951-1964), deputy for Gironde (1958-67)
Rama Yade, former minister
Kofi Yamgnane, former minister, former MP, former mayor, former general councillor in Brittany
Political activists [ edit ]
In sports [ edit ]
Christine Arron, track and field sprint athlete
Nicolas Batum, basketball player
Marcel Desailly, footballer
Laura Flessel, fencer
Thierry Henry, footballer
Steve Mandanda, footballer
Gaël Monfils, tennis player
Yannick Noah, tennis player
Mickaël Piétrus, basketball player
Teddy Riner, judoka
Lilian Thuram, footballer
Patrick Vieira, footballer
Josuha Guilavogui, footballer
Patrice Evra, footballer
Yann M'Vila, footballer
Blaise Matuidi, footballer
Bacary Sagna, footballer
Mamadou Sakho, footballer
In entertainment and media [ edit ]
Mouss Diouf, actor
Miss Dominique, singer
Fabe, rapper Hélène and Célia Faussart (
Les Nubians), singing duo
Hubert Kounde, actor
Lord Kossity, Dancehall musician
Dieudonné M'bala M'bala, comedian and anti-zionist activist
Fab Morvan, model and singer, half of Milli Vanilli
Audrey Pulvar, newscaster and journalist
Firmine Richard, actress
Harry Roselmack, newscaster
Omar Sy, actor
European / African descent [ edit ]
Thierry Dusautoir, rugby player
Chevalier de Saint-Georges, composer, conductor, and violinist
Noémie Lenoir, model
Chloé Mortaud, Miss France 2009
Joakim Noah, basketball player (son of Yannick Noah)
Tony Parker, basketball player
Sonia Rolland, actress, Miss France 2000
Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, tennis player
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b Oppenheimer, David B. (2008). "Why France needs to collect data on racial identity...in a French way". Hastings International and Comparative Law Review 31 (2): 735–752.
^ Tagliabue, John (2005-09-21). "French blacks skeptical of race neutrality". New York Times . Retrieved 2009-10-27.
^ "First French racism poll released". BBC News. 2007-01-31 . Retrieved 2009-10-27.
^ Kimmelman, Michael (2008-06-17). "For blacks in France, Obama's rise is reason to rejoice, and to hope". New York Times . Retrieved 2009-10-27.
^ Bennhold, Katrin (2006-08-03). "Black anchor fills top spot on French TV". International Herald Tribune. p. 2 . Retrieved 2009-10-27.
^ "Franceblack" . Retrieved 2010-04-06.
^ Louis-Georges, Tin (2008). "Who is afraid of Blacks in France? The Black question: The name taboo, the number taboo". French Politics, Culture & Society 26 (1): 32–44. doi: 10.3167/fpcs.2008.260103.
^ "Black residents of France say they are discriminated against". International Herald Tribune. 2007-01-31 . Retrieved 2009-10-27.
^ "France's ethnic minorities: To count or not to count". The Economist 390 (8624): 62. 2009-03-28.
^ Chrisafis, Angelique (2007-02-24). "French presidential candidates divided over race census". The Guardian. p. 25 . Retrieved 2009-10-27.
^ Pierre-Yves Lambert, “ Conseillers généraux d'origine non-européenne”, Suffrage Universel
^ Pierre-Yves Lambert, “ Maires métropolitains d'origine non-européenne”, Suffrage Universel