Blacktown

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Blacktown
SydneyNew South Wales
(1)Westpoint Blacktown-3.jpg
Westpoint shopping centre, Blacktown
Population 43,374 (2011)[1]
Postcode(s) 2148
Location 34 km (21 mi) west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) City of Blacktown
State electorate(s) Blacktown
Federal Division(s) Chifley, Greenway, McMahon
Suburbs around Blacktown:
Marayong Kings Park Kings Langley
Woodcroft Doonside Blacktown Lalor Park Seven Hills
Arndell Park Eastern Creek Prospect
Location map of Blacktown based on NASA satellite images

Blacktown is a suburb in the City of Blacktown, in Western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Blacktown is located 34 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre of the local government area of City of Blacktown. Blacktown is the largest of any suburb or township in New South Wales and is one of the most multicultural places in Sydney.[2]

History[edit]

Prior to the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788, Blacktown was inhabited by different groups of the Darug people including the Warmuli, based around what is now Prospect, and their neighbours the Gomerigal from the South Creek area and the Wawarawarry from the Eastern Creek area.[citation needed] It is estimated that fifty to ninety percent of the Darug died of smallpox and other introduced diseases within a few years of the British arrival. Governor Arthur Phillip began granting land in the area to white settlers in 1791, a process that was reversed slightly in 1819 when Governor Lachlan Macquarie granted land to two indigenous men, Colebee and Nurragingy.[citation needed]

A few years later in 1823, the Native Institution (a school for Aboriginal children) was moved from Parramatta to the site where Richmond Road meets Rooty Hill Road North (this intersection is now in the suburbs of Oakhurst and Dean Park). Although the institution closed in 1833, the road heading out to it became known as the Black Town Road. In 1860 the Railway Department gave the name of Black Town Road Station to the railway station at the junction of the railway and the Black Town Road, with the name shortening to Blacktown by 1862.[3][4][5]

The arrival of the railway led to the formation of a town around the station. A post office was opened in 1862 and a school in 1877. In 1906, the Shire of Blacktown was formed and in 1930, electricity was introduced to the town. The population in 1933 was then around 13,000. In the 1950s and 60s, there was a large amount of suburban development both in the current suburb of Blacktown and the new suburbs that sprung up around it. This led to civic development in the town centre with the hospital opening in 1965, the courthouse and police station in 1966, the library in 1967 and the TAFE college in 1969. In 1973, the Westpoint shopping centre opened which was soon followed by the cinema complex.[3]

Blacktown is notoriously known as the site of the vicious murder of Anita Cobby. A park in Blacktown is named after her, nearby the site in which she was last seen alive.

Blacktown Hospital
Max Webber Library

Commercial area[edit]

Blacktown Council Chambers

The Blacktown Commercial Business District is located close to Blacktown railway station. Westpoint Blacktown is a major shopping centre and there are a number of small shops, restaurants and hotels in the surrounding area. Westpoint also houses a western suburb television studio of the Nine Network. The Blacktown CBD features the following landmarks:

A notable Blacktown retailer in the 1950s was Frank Lowy who conducted a delicatessen and small goods shop in Main Street.[6]


Transport[edit]

According to the 2006 census, the most common way of getting to work from Blacktown was by car (74%) with public transport used by just under twenty percent. Most public transport was done by train (17%) with five percent catching buses for all or part of their journey.[7] Blacktown railway station is on the North Shore, Northern & Western Line of the Sydney Trains network. A major bus interchange is located next to the station and an underground bus station is at the entrance to Westpoint. Blacktown is a terminus of the North-West T-way.

Busways provides services North (Rouse Hill, Castle Hill, Kellyville, Glenwood and Stanhope Gardens), west (Mount Druitt, Plumpton, Oakhurst, Quakers Hill, Dean Park, Woodcroft) and south (Prospect, Arndell Park, Huntingwood, Tallawong, Doonside, Blacktown Hospital), whilst Hillsbus provides services east (Macquarie Park, Seven Hills, Parramatta, Kings Langley) of Blacktown.

Schools[edit]

The Blacktown Tourist Centre is located in the original Blacktown School building
Blacktown Arts Centre

The first school, a single-storey brick building with gables, was opened in 1877. While no longer in use as a school, the building in Flushcombe Road is now used as a Visitor Information Centre. It is the oldest remaining building in the Blacktown CBD and is heritage-listed.[8][3][9]

There is a large number of schools in the suburb. Government-run primary schools in the area include: Blacktown North Public School, Blacktown South Public School, Blacktown West Public School, Lynwood Park Public School, Marayong South Public School, Shelley Public School, and Walters Road Public School. Public high schools include: Blacktown Boys High School, Blacktown Girls High School, Evans High School and Mitchell High School. There is also the Coreen School, which caters to older children with learning difficulties.[10]

There are two Catholic primary schools, St Michaels Primary School and St Patricks Primary School, and two Catholic high schools, Nagle College for girls and Patrician Brothers' College Blacktown for boys. Tyndale Christian School is a private school covering children from kindergarten to year 12.[11][12][13]

Blacktown Arts Centre[edit]

Blacktown Arts Centre is located at 78 Flushcombe Road on the highest point of land in the Blacktown CBD.

Originally built in the 1950s as an Anglican church, the building was deconsecrated in 1999. Originally acquired by Blacktown Council as a site for a car park, the Council in partnership with Arts NSW subsequently refurbished the building as a multi-arts centre.[citation needed]

The centre opened to the public in October 2002. In 2006 the centre underwent a multimillion dollar refit and extension. The building reopened in April 2007 with facilities for performance, extended visual art galleries, workshop space and enhanced administrative areas.

Sport and recreation[edit]

Population[edit]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census of Population, there were 43,374 residents in Blacktown. In Blacktown, 50.2% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were India 8.9%, Philippines 4.8% and China (excludes SARs) 2.3%. 49.5% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Arabic 5.0%, Hindi 4.5%, Punjabi 4.4%, Tagalog 3.0% and Mandarin 1.9%. The most common responses for religion in Blacktown were Catholic 30.1%, Anglican 12.5%, No Religion 10.5%, Hinduism 8.3% and Islam 7.4%. [1]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Blacktown (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.blacktown.nsw.gov.au/news-and-events/news-releases/join-in-blacktown-citys-harmony-day-celebrations.cfm
  3. ^ a b c "Important dates". Blacktown City Council. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
  4. ^ "Aborigines". Blacktown City Council. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
  5. ^ "PLACE NAMES.". The Australian Women's Weekly (1932-1982) (1932-1982: National Library of Australia). 13 May 1964. p. 61. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  6. ^ "Lowy’s Big Night". Blacktown Advocate (News Community Media). 11 February 2009. pp. Wrapround. 
  7. ^ "2006 Census Community Profile Series : Blacktown (State Suburb)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  8. ^ State Heritage Register
  9. ^ "Blacktown Visitor Information & Heritage Centre". Blacktown City Council. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  10. ^ "Coreen School". NSW Department of Education & Training. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  11. ^ "Nagle College". Nagle College. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  12. ^ "Patrician Brothers Blacktown". Patrician Brothers Blacktown. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  13. ^ "Tyndale Christian School". Tyndale Christian School. Retrieved 2008-05-15. 
  14. ^ http://www.blacktownolympicpark.com.au/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°46′16″S 150°54′23″E / 33.7710°S 150.9063°E / -33.7710; 150.9063