Urinary bladder disease

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Urinary bladder disease
Classification and external resources
Illu urinary system.jpg
Urinary system
ICD-10 N30-N33, Q64.0-Q64.1
ICD-9 595-596, 752.61-752.62
MeSH D001745

Urinary bladder disease can be congenital or acquired.

Cystitis[edit]

Main article: Cystitis

Cystitis is a term that refers to urinary bladder inflammation that results from any one of a number of distinct syndromes.[1] It is most commonly caused by a bacterial infection in which case it is referred to as a urinary tract infection.[2]

Bladder rupture[edit]

Bladder rupture (rupture of bladder, N32.4) may occur if the bladder is overfilled and not emptied. This can occur in the case of binge drinkers who have consumed large quantities of fluids, but are not conscious of the need to urinate due to stupor. This condition is very rare in women, but does occur. Symptoms include localized pain and uraemia (poisoning due to reabsorbed waste).[3][4]

Bladder tamponade[edit]

Bladder tamponade is obstruction of the bladder outlet due to heavy blood clot formation within it.[5] It generally requires surgery.[5] Such heavy bleeding is usually due to bladder cancer.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cystitis Nonbacterial eMedicine". 
  2. ^ "Cystitis — MayoClinic.com". 
  3. ^ Lucy Atkins (2007-11-20). "A new report says binge drinking has increased to such an extent that cases of 'exploding bladders' are on the rise in the UK.". The Guardian. 
  4. ^ Dooldeniya MD, Khafagy R, Mashaly H, Browning AJ, Sundaram SK, Biyani CS (2007). "Lower abdominal pain in women after binge drinking". BMJ 335 (7627): 992–3. doi:10.1136/bmj.39247.454005.BE. PMC 2072017. PMID 17991983. 
  5. ^ a b Page 352 in: Guenter Schmidt (2006). Differential diagnosis in ultrasound: a teaching atlas. Stuttgart: Thieme. ISBN 3-13-131891-0. 
  6. ^ Miyamae, K.; Otsuka, T.; Otsuka, Y.; Nagayoshi, M.; Hamada, Y. (2006). "Clinical study of bladder tamponade resulting from clots of blood". Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai zasshi. the japanese journal of urology 97 (5): 743–747. PMID 16898598.  edit

External links[edit]