Bladen County, North Carolina

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Bladen County, North Carolina
Seal of Bladen County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Bladen County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1734
Named for Martin Bladen
Seat Elizabethtown
Largest town Elizabethtown
Area
 • Total 887 sq mi (2,297 km2)
 • Land 875 sq mi (2,266 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (31 km2), 1.37%
Population
 • (2010) 35,190
 • Density 39/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.bladeninfo.org

Bladen /ˈbldɛn/ [1] County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 35,190.[2] Its county seat is Elizabethtown.[3]

History[edit]

Bladen County was formed in 1734 as Bladen Precinct of Bath County, from New Hanover Precinct. It was named for Martin Bladen, a member of the Board of Trade. With the abolition of Bath County in 1739, all of its constituent precincts became counties.

Originally, Bladen was a vast territory with indefinite northern and western boundaries. Reductions in its extent began in 1750, when its western part became Anson County. In 1752 the northern part of Bladen County was combined with parts of Granville County and Johnston County to form Orange County. In 1754 the northern part of what was left of Bladen County became Cumberland County. In 1764 the southern part of what remained of Bladen County was combined with part of New Hanover County to form Brunswick County. In 1787 the western part of the now much smaller county became Robeson County. Finally, in 1808 the southern part of Bladen County was combined with part of Brunswick County to form Columbus County. Bladen County is considered the "mother county" of North Carolina because of the 100 counties in North Carolina, 55 of them at one point belonged to Bladen County. It is also the fourth largest county in North Carolina.

Law and government[edit]

Bladen County is a member of the regional Lumber River Council of Governments.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 887 square miles (2,297.3 km2), of which 875 square miles (2,266.2 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31.1 km2) (1.37%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 5,100
1800 7,028 37.8%
1810 5,671 −19.3%
1820 7,276 28.3%
1830 7,811 7.4%
1840 8,022 2.7%
1850 9,767 21.8%
1860 11,995 22.8%
1870 12,831 7.0%
1880 16,158 25.9%
1890 16,763 3.7%
1900 17,677 5.5%
1910 18,006 1.9%
1920 19,761 9.7%
1930 22,389 13.3%
1940 27,156 21.3%
1950 29,703 9.4%
1960 28,881 −2.8%
1970 26,477 −8.3%
1980 30,491 15.2%
1990 28,663 −6.0%
2000 32,278 12.6%
2010 35,190 9.0%
Est. 2012 34,915 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[2]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 32,278 people, 12,897 households, and 8,937 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 15,316 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 57.22% White, 37.91% Black or African American, 2.04% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.97% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 3.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 55.8% of the population of Bladen County was non-Hispanic whites. 36.8% of the population was African-American. 5.0% of the population of was Latino. 2.3% of the population was Native American.

There were 12,897 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.90% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,877, and the median income for a family was $33,974. Males had a median income of $27,799 versus $21,973 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,735. About 16.60% of families and 21.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.70% of those under age 18 and 24.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Map of Bladen County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into nineteen townships: Abbottsburg, Bethel, Bladenboro, Brown Marsh, Carvers Creek, Central, Clarkton, Colly, Cypress Creek, Elizabethtown, East Arcadia, Frenches Creek, Hollow, Lake Creek, Tarheel, Turnbull, White Oak, Dublin and Whites Creek.

Other Notable Information[edit]

Bladen County is also the home of the oldest documented Taxodium distichum (bald cypress) at 1622 years old.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Talk Like A Tarheel, from the North Carolina Collection's website at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Eastern OLDLIST. Rocky Mountain Tree-Ring Research, Inc. & Eastern Kentucky University http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~adk/oldlisteast/Spp/TADI.html |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 3 November 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°37′N 78°34′W / 34.62°N 78.56°W / 34.62; -78.56