St. Martin's parish church
Bladon shown within Oxfordshire
|Population||753 (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Places of worship
St Martin's church
The Church of England parish church of Saint Martin was originally 11th or 12th century, and its south porch had a Norman doorway. However, the old church was demolished in 1802 and a new building completed in its place in 1804. This in turn was completely rebuilt in 1891 to designs by the Gothic Revival architect A.W. Blomfield.
The parish of St Martin's includes Blenheim Palace, the family seat of the Duke of Marlborough. Most members of the Spencer-Churchill family are interred in St. Martin's parish churchyard at Bladon; only the Dukes and Duchesses are buried in the Blenheim Palace chapel. Blenheim Palace is also the birthplace of Winston Churchill, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1940–45 and again 1951–55. Like his parents, he too was buried in St. Martin's parish churchyard after his death in 1965; his wife Clementine was buried in the same grave after her own death 12 years later.
A Methodist congregation was established in Bladon by 1820 and built its first chapel in 1843. In 1877 a new chapel was built copying the Early English style of the 13th century. It is now Bladon Methodist Church and belongs to the Oxford Methodist Circuit.
In 1858 the Duchess of Marlborough, wife of the 7th Duke, provided a new Gothic Revival building to found a school in Bladon. The building was enlarged in 1890. It was known as the Duchess of Marlborough's school, but in 1937 its ownership was transferred from the Duchy of Marlborough to Bladon parochial church council. In 1940 it was reorganised as a junior school, with senior pupils from Bladon thereafter going to secondary school in Woodstock. Since 1954 the school has been a Church of England primary school.
- "Area selected: West Oxfordshire (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 459.
- "Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill". Find a Grave. 1 January 2001.
- Crossley & Elrington 1990, pp. 34-35.
- Bladon Methodist Church
- Oxford Methodist Circuit
- Crossley & Elrington 1990, p. 35.
- Bladon Church of England Primary School
- Crossley, Alan; Elrington, C.R. (eds.); Baggs, A.P.; Blair, W.J.; Chance, Eleanor; Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Day, C.J.; Selwyn, Nesta; Townley, Simon C. (1990). A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 12: Wootton Hundred (South) including Woodstock. Victoria County History. pp. 14–36.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 459. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
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