Blaine County, Oklahoma

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Blaine County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Blaine County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded May 2, 1890
Seat Watonga
Largest city Watonga
Area
 • Total 939 sq mi (2,432 km2)
 • Land 928 sq mi (2,405 km2)
 • Water 10 sq mi (27 km2), 1.11%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 9,720
 • Density 10/sq mi (3.8/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website blaine.okcounties.org

Blaine County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,785.[1] Its county seat is Watonga.[2] Blaine County is the birthplace of voice actor Clarence Nash, the voice of Disney's Donald Duck.

Part of the Cheyenne-Arapaho land opening in 1892, the county had gained rail lines by the early 1900s[3] and highways by the 1930s.[3][4] The county was named for James Blaine, an American politician who was the Republican presidential candidate in 1884 and Secretary of State under President Benjamin Harrison.[3]

History[edit]

Blaine County was one of several counties created by the Land Run of 1892. It was designated as county "C" beginning in 1890 before the land run.[5] The area was settled by Creek and Seminole, who the federal government relocated to the area in the 1820s and 1830s.[3] The Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes were relocated to the area from Colorado in 1869, after the Reconstruction Treaties of 1866 had taken the land back from the Creek and Seminole.[3]

The land run was held after giving members of the tribe allotments of 160 acres (0.65 km2) each.[6]

A post office established in the county seat of Watonga, Oklahoma the same year as the land run.[7] The Enid and Anadarko Railway and the Blackwell, Enid and Southwester Railroad both ran lines through the countyfrom 1901 to 1903.[3] The Blackwell, Enid and Southwestern Railroad The Blaine County Courthouse was built in 1906.[7]

The town of Geary, which also received a post office in the same year as the land run, became an agricultural trade center in the county and had a population of 2,561 by 1902.[8] The town was home to "the oldest bank in Blaine County."[8] Okeene was also established in the year of the land run and was surrounded by farmers of German descent.[9]

The county's population was 17,227 in 1907 and rose to 17,960 in 1910.[3] It had declined to 15,875 by 1920.[3]

The U.S. highway system reached Oklahoma in 1926.[4] U.S. Highways 270 and 281 were constructed through Blaine County.[3] The county was also served by the Postal Highway as early as 1912; it later became part of U.S. Highway 66.[8]

The county's population peaked at 20,452 in 1930.[3] New Deal programs such as the Civilian Conservation Corps employed county residents and built Roman Nose State Park, which opened in 1937.[3]

By the 21st century, the county had a population of 11,976.[3]

Government[edit]

The county is served by seven elected county officials: a county sheriff, three county commissioners, a county clerk, a county assessor, and a county treasurer.[5] The three commissioners each have districts with approximately equal populations based on the latest census.[5] The county government is primarily housed in the Blaine County Courthouse in Watonga, Oklahoma.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 939 square miles (2,432.0 km2), of which 928 square miles (2,403.5 km2) is land and 10 square miles (25.9 km2) (1.11%) is water.[10] The northeastern half of the county is located on the western edge of the Red Bed Plains while the southwestern half lies in the Gypsum Hills.[3] The North Canadian River runs through the county from northwest to southeast.[3]

The county includes the largest lake in western Oklahoma, Canton Lake.[11]

The county seat of Watonga hosts an annual cheese festival in October, celebrating the city's cheese factory.[12]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Economy[edit]

Southard, located in central Blaine County, is the site of one of the purest gypsum deposits in the United States and is home to The U.S. Gypsum Company, the largest industrial plant in the county.[5]

Lying in the Cimarron Valley, Okeene's economy has been based in agriculture, primarily wheat and hay.[9] Major manufacturing businesses are the Okeene Milling Company, Seaboard Farms, and Mountain Country Foods, a manufacturer of pet food.[9] The Okeene Municipal Hospital and Clinic is one of the primary medical centers of northwest Oklahoma.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 10,658
1910 17,960 68.5%
1920 15,875 −11.6%
1930 20,452 28.8%
1940 18,543 −9.3%
1950 15,049 −18.8%
1960 12,077 −19.7%
1970 11,794 −2.3%
1980 13,443 14.0%
1990 11,470 −14.7%
2000 11,976 4.4%
2010 11,943 −0.3%
Est. 2013 9,720 −18.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
2013 Estimate[1]
Age pyramid for Blaine County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 11,976 people, 4,159 households, and 2,865 families residing in the county, nearly half of them located in the county seat of Watonga. The population density of the county was 13 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 5,208 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.29% white, 8.70% Native American, 6.65% Black or African American, 0.71% Asian, 0.81% Pacific Islander, 2.86% from other races, and 3.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino individuals of any race made up 6.62% of the population.

There were 4,159 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them. Slightly more than half (56.20%) were married couples living together, nearly a third (29%) were made up of individuals, 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years or age or older, and 8.6% were run by a female with no husband present. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median age of the county in 2000 was 38 years, with almost a third (28.6%) of the population aged 25 to 44. Individuals under the age of 18 made up 24% of the population, individuals age 45 to 64 made up 21.4% of the population, individuals age 65 or older made up 16.8% of the population, and individuals between the ages of 18 to 24 made up 9.1% of the population. There were slightly more males than females, with 119.3 males for every 100 females and 125 adult males (18 or older) for every 100 female adults.

The median income for a household in the county in 2000 was $28,356, and the median income for a family was $34,565. Males had a median income of $26,284 versus $18,619 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,546. About 12.8 percent of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[15]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 2,353 44.01%
  Republican 2,627 49.13%
  Unaffiliated 367 6.86%
Total 5,347 100%

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[16]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 75.41% 3,101 24.59% 1,011
2004 72.36% 3,199 27.64% 1,222
2000 64.31% 2,633 34.25% 1,402

Communities[edit]

NRHP sites[edit]

The following sites in Blaine County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Wilson, Linda D., Blaine County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed June 11, 2010).
  4. ^ a b Oklahoma's US Highways (accessed June 11, 2010).
  5. ^ a b c d Blaine County History (accessed June 11, 2010).
  6. ^ Reggio, Michael H., "Cheyenne-Arapaho Opening," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed June 11, 2010).
  7. ^ a b Crawford, Terri, "Watonga," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed June 11, 2010).
  8. ^ a b c Rinehart, Merle, Geary," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed June 11, 2010).
  9. ^ a b c d Reynolds, W. Dale, "Okeene," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed June 11, 2010).
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ Blaine County Government Website, "Communities of Blaine County (accessed July 7, 2010).
  12. ^ Bates, Richenda Davis, "Watonga Cheese Festival," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed June 11, 2010).
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  16. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°53′N 98°26′W / 35.88°N 98.43°W / 35.88; -98.43